Presentation on theme: "Ravi Jagadeesan, Avery Coonley. Pictures/Map from Chicago Fire Website"— Presentation transcript:
1Ravi Jagadeesan, Avery Coonley. Pictures/Map from Chicago Fire Website The Chicago FireRavi Jagadeesan, Avery Coonley.Pictures/Map from Chicago Fire Website
2When & Where the Great Chicago Fire Started Around 9:30 PM on October 8, 1871 in the O’Leary barn, 137 DeKoven St., West Division
3How the Great Chicago Fire Started The most common stories of how the FIRE started: a cow knocking over a lantern, Catherine O’Leary knocking over the lanternThe most common stories are most likely untrue!
4The Conditions on the day the Great Chicago Fire Started Dry2 fires per day20 fires in the week before the FIRE – biggest day before FIREFlammable – wooden houses, wooden sidewalks, wooden streets65 mph wind!
5What the Chicago Fire Destroyed 4.5 square miles, one-third of 1871 ChicagoBurnt over 15 of the 16 bridges over the Chicago RiverBurnt over Chicago river because it burnt 2-3” layer of oil on riverMoney in safes burst into flame upon contact with the boiling air
6A. O'Leary barn B. Bateham's Mills C. Parmelee's Stables D A. O'Leary barn B. Bateham's Mills C. Parmelee's Stables D. Gas Works Conley's Patch E. Court House F. Wright's Stables G. Polk Street H. Northwestern Elevator I. Galena Elevator
7Damage Caused By the Fire 300 people died100,000 people left homeless!$200 million in damage!
8Ruins of the Business Center looking southwest from Old Fort Dearborn Ruins of the Business Center looking southwest from Old Fort Dearborn. Explosion of Giant Powder and fall of buildings in the front.
9Wholesale District, looking west along the Chicago River Wholesale District, looking west along the Chicago River. River street in the very front. The West Side in the distance.
13Looking eastward. Mouth of Chicago River. Lake Michigan Looking eastward. Mouth of Chicago River. Lake Michigan. Many scared people escaping from the Fire in boats.
14Looking southeast. Burning of the Old United States Marine Hospital Looking southeast. Burning of the Old United States Marine Hospital. Rescuing the people who live in a house or apartment
15A Personal LetterThis is the letter Justin wrote to his friend, Phillip Prescott. It had his personal narrative of the fire included
16Dear Chum, We are burnt out of house and home and so we had to come up here. I suppose you would like to hear about the fire and how we escaped from it. Half past one Monday morning we were awakened by a loud knocking at the front door we were awake in an instant and dressing ourselves we looked about and saw a perfect shower of sparks flying over our house. I got some water and went out in the yard while my brother went up on the roof we worked for one or two hours at the end of that time we had to give up. We tried to get a wagon but could not so we put two trunks on a wheelbarrow and each of us shouldered a bundle and we marched for the old skating park I leading my goat. We got along very well until the Pes[h]tigo Lumber yard caught on fire then it was all we could do to breathe. Mother caught on fire once but we put it out at last we heard that there was a little shanty that hadn't burnt down so we marched there but had to leave our trunks and everything else but Charlie and father went back and got one but could not get the other as the sand was blowing in their faces and cut like glass at last a wagon drove up and we all piled in and escaped so good by yours Justin
17How the Chicago Fire Ended Rain on Monday eveningFire end on Tuesday MorningCatherine O’Leary was taken to court, but proven innocentO’Leary House survived
18Other Ways That the Fire Could Have Started Meteor showers: A meteor shower, 14 small fires, and another big fire that night.Say Now I am going to tell you other ways that the Chicago Fire could have started.
19Daniel Sullivan & Dennis Regan Daniel Sullivan claims to have witnessed the start of the Great Chicago Fire, but couldn’t have because his view of the O’Leary barn would have been blocked by the house of James DaltonSullivan & Regan visited the O’Leary House before the fire that night.
20How Chicago ChangedChicago made less flammable -- houses made based on cement and bricksChicago learned a big lesson the hard way