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1 biblestudyresourcecenter.com Biblestudyresourcecenter.com

2 Vayera “And He appeared” The 4 th Torah Portion Reading 4 th reading in the Book of Genesis Genesis 18:1 – 22:24 2 Kings 4:1-37 Luke 2:1-38 Vayera

3 The Shadows of the Messiah Titles of Messiah Laughter - Psalm 126:2 Isaac - Genesis21:6 The Only Begotten Son - John 1:14, 18 The Lamb - Revelation 5:8 Lamb of God - John 1:29, 36 Lamb slain from the creation of the world Revelation 13:8 Another (Achar) - Genesis 22: 13

4 Similitude Romans 15:4 For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.

5 Similitude's Hosea 12:10 I have also spoken by the prophets, and I have multiplied visions, and used similitudes, by the ministry of the prophets.

6 And He Appeared Genesis 18:1-3 1 And the LORD appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day; 2 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground, 3 And said, My Lord, if now I have found favour in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant:

7 Sarah’s Laughter Genesis 18: Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also? 13 And the LORD said unto Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am old? 14 Is any thing too hard for the LORD? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son. 15 Then Sarah denied, saying, I laughed not; for she was afraid. And he said, Nay; but thou didst laugh.

8 At the Appointed Time Genesis 18:14 Is any thing too hard for the LORD? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son.

9 The Messiah in Sodom Genesis 18: And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous; 21 I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.

10 Seed From Another Place Genesis 19:32 Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.

11 Miraculous Birth Genesis 21:1-2 1 And the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did unto Sarah as he had spoken. 2 For Sarah conceived, and bare Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him.

12 Binding of Isaac - Akedah The Akedah is perhaps the most startling example of a “type” in the Bible. It is the famed incident of Abraham offering his son Isaac in Genesis chapter 22. Macrocode: It sets up for an anticipatory event or action that will occur in the future.

13 Figures of Spech Simile: Resemblance Gen 25:25; Matt 7:24-27 Allegory: Comparison by representation Gen 49:9; Gal 4:22, 24 Metaphor: RepresentationMatt 26:26 Hypo catastasis: an implied resemblance or representation Matt 7:3-5; Matt 15:13 Type: A figure or example of something future Rom 5:14; Gen 22, 24 Analogy: resemblance in some particulars between things otherwise unlike Cosmic Codes, Appendix A

14 The Binding of Isaac Genesis 22:1-2 1 And it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I am. 2 And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.

15 The Binding of Isaac Genesis 22:1-2 1 And it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I am. 2 And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.

16 The Binding of Isaac Law of First Mention – The first occurrence of a word in the Scripture is usually very significant in the overall design. It seems profoundly significant that this account includes the first occurrence of the word love in the Scripture.

17 God did tempt Abraham James 1: Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him. 13 Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man: 14 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed.

18 Hebrews 11:17-19 Hebrews 11: By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son, 18 Of whom it was said, That in Isaac shall thy seed be called: 19 Accounting that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure.

19 After These Things This phrase is generally used as an adverb or conjunction. After the things from chapters 11 through 21, more specifically after the birth of Isaac in Chapter 21. “After these things” is the Hebrew way of saying “eventually”. It describes an undefined period of time having passed; but usually it is a substantial amount of time.

20 Burnt Offering Hebrew olah; i.e., “ascending,” the whole being consumed by fire, and regarded as ascending to God while being consumed. Part of every offering was burnt in the sacred fire, but this was wholly burnt, a “whole burnt offering.” It was the most frequent form of sacrifice, and apparently the only one mentioned in the book of Genesis. 1.Abel (Gen. 4:3, 4) 2.Noah (Gen. 8:20) 3. Abraham (Gen. 22:2, 7, 8, 13) 4.Hebrews in Egypt (Ex. 10:25)

21 God Tests Abraham We’re told this, but Abraham didn’t know it! We know from the first verse that Isaac will survive God’s demand on Abraham came in a dream at night He is to offer Isaac as an ‘Olah … a burnt offering 5 kinds of sacrificial burnt offerings with different purposes and names Offerings distinguished by: 1. What is offered 2. Purpose and function

22 A 50 Mile Journey Abraham took 2 servants with him Took wood for the altar fire with him No reason for Abraham to take wood, as there was plenty of wood in the hills of Jerusalem Isaac carrying the wood is a perfect parallel of Jesus carrying his own cross

23 Topology of Mount Moriah Peak: Akedah Golgatha Threshing Floor of Araunah 2 Sam 24:15-25; 1 Chron 21:18-26 Salem (Ophel)

24 Topology of Mount Moriah Peak: Akedah Golgatha Threshing Floor of Araunah

25 Golgotha “The place of a skull” Two thousand years later – on this very spot – another Father would offer His Son as the offering for all time.

26 thine only son Isaac This is the first mention of “only son” Isaac was the only son of promise The only son of Sarah, and the only one here Ishmael left some years before (Genesis 21:9-10). His other sons were not yet born (Genesis 25:1-6).

27 Land of Moriah Moriah = “the manifestation of God” Area referred to today as the Temple Mount in Jerusalem Mt. Moriah was located in Jerusalem, where Solomon built the temple.

28 Land of Moriah 2 Chronicles 3:1 Then Solomon began to build the house of the LORD at Jerusalem in mount Moriah, where the LORD appeared unto David his father, in the place that David had prepared in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.

29 The Akedah Means “binding” God instructed Abraham to release his much-loved son Ishmael Rescued by “angel of Yahweh” Now, Isaac is to be removed from Abraham Rescued by “angel of Yahweh” Both were considered “firstborn” sons by Abraham

30 Rose up early in the morning There is no delay he starts his journey the very next morning. This event shows an immediate response and the obedience of Abraham. There are four people going on this journey, Abraham, Isaac, and two young men. One of the young men was most likely Eleazer, Abraham’s trusted servant.

31 The Third Day Genesis 22:4-5 4 Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off. 5 And Abraham said unto his young men, Abide ye here with the ass; and I and the lad will go yonder and worship, and come again to you.

32 The Third Day on the third day Interesting phrase and time period used many times in the bible. Gen 40:20; Ex 19:16; Esther 5:1; Hosea 6:2; John 2:1; Gospel accounts of Jesus rising from the grave.

33 Afar Off Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off afar = rachowq (raw-khoke) H7350 Remote, of place or time. Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw two thousand years into the future to see God providing himself as a lamb. John 8:56 Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad.

34 Was it a stall? I and the lad will go yonder and worship, and come again to you Abraham believed that He and Isaac would both return to the young men. Abraham knew of the resurrection and believed that Isaac would return with him, perhaps in a resurrected state. Abraham knew that God had promised that his future generations would be through Isaac. In the eyes of Abraham if God wanted him to sacrifice Isaac then Abraham did not have a problem – God had a problem.

35 Carried the Wood Genesis 22:6 And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid it upon Isaac his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them together.

36 Wood, Fire, and Knife Isaac was to carry the wood on which he was to be sacrificed as Christ was to carry His own cross on which He was to be sacrificed. Isaac was about years old at this time. Fire symbolizes judgment Knife symbolizes the execution of judgment and of sacrifice An emphasis - two men went up the hill Isaac shows a loving submission and goes willingly obeying his father. They went in agreement - together

37 The Lamb where is the lamb for a burnt offering The answer to this question is very prophetic. Abraham may have known that he was acting out a profound future event, vs. 14. My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering : What will God provide for the offering? Himself – as the lamb, His first public introduction was by John the Baptist.

38 “Father Where Is The Lamb?” Isaac was somewhere between 25 – 37 years old Would not have seemed all that strange to Abraham, human sacrifice was normal among the pagans Isaac did not resist or demand his rights Parallels with the Messiah going silently to the Cross Isaac was no Messiah The appointed time for a Messiah had not yet come

39 Angel of Yahweh Rescues Isaac “Angel of the Lord” stops the sacrifice, and then embellishes the already given covenants “I have sworn by Myself” Genealogy of Nahor is given 12 sons for Nahor, just as 12 sons for Ishmael And for Jacob (Israel)

40 Ten Double-Callings of Names 1. Abraham, Abraham (Genesis 22:11) 2. Jacob, Jacob (Genesis 46:2) 3. Moses, Moses (Exodus 3:4) 4. Samuel, Samuel (1 Samuel 3:10) 5. Lord, Lord (Matthew 7:21-22) 6. Jerusalem, Jerusalem (Matthew 23:37) 7. My God, My God (Mark 15:34) 8. Martha, Martha (Luke 10:41) 9. Simon, Simon (Luke 22:31) 10. Saul, Saul (Acts 9:4)

41 Achar = Another Genesis 22:13 And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son. And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold another a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son.

42 Substitute Ram Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: God does more than provide a lamb, He would Himself become the lamb two thousand years later on this spot. This is why there was a ram in the thicket and not a lamb, the ram is a substitution.

43 Prophecy Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen. Abraham saw the place afar off in time and saw God offer Himself for mankind. He knew that he was acting out prophecy and named the place accordingly.

44 The Signature Mount Moriah was the greatest trial in Abraham’s life Mount Moriah was also the greatest triumph in Abraham’s life.

45 The Signature Abraham returned unto his young men, and they rose up and went together to Beersheba Where is Isaac?

46 The Signature (Hosea 6:2) After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight. Naturally, we infer that Isaac also joined them and that there were four who traveled back to Beersheba. However the person Isaac has been edited out of the record, by the Holy Spirit, from the time he is offered on the mount until he is united with his bride, two chapters later. Christ is taken away from the earth after he was sacrificed for our sins however will be united with his bride two days later!

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48 The Signature A wonderful prophetic story looking forward to the Messiah


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