Presentation on theme: "Experiencing Christ as the Offerings in Our Daily Life for the Church Life as Seen in the Book of Leviticus."— Presentation transcript:
1Experiencing Christ as the Offerings in Our Daily Life for the Church Life as Seen in the Book of Leviticus
2What Is an Offering? Hebrew, “qorban” Meaning a “present” or a “gift” Now the LORD called to Moses, and spoke to him from the tabernacle of meeting, saying,“Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘When any one of you brings an offering to the LORD, you shall bring your offering of the livestock—of the herd and of the flock (Lev. 1:1-2)‘If his offering is a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male without blemish; he shall offer it of his own free will at the door of the tabernacle of meeting before the LORD (Lev. 1:1-3)Hebrew, “qorban”Meaning a “present” or a “gift”Indicating intimate fellowshipAn offering is, strictly speaking, different from a sacrifice, though quite often, the two do overlap one another in meaning and usage.A sacrifice is, strictly speaking, for redemption or expiation of sins.An offering is for intimate fellowship between us and GodAn offering can be made by any of us, that is, by any believerThe offering is not to be made by the individual believer in his own tent (or home), but at the entrance of the tabernacle of meeting, that is, the church.
3What Can Be Offered? We do not offer ourselves to God. We cannot, and have nothing, to offer to God, in ourselves.What was offered in the Old Testament?The animal lifeThe vegetable lifeWhat do we offer?We offer Christ to God.We offer our different experiences of Christ to God.
4What Does God Accept As an Offering? God accepts only Christ as an offering.When we offer Christ to God, God enjoys our offering as His food for His satisfaction.In certain offerings, the offerer also enjoys what he offers as his food.
5Where Are the Offerings Offered in Leviticus? On the altar of burnt offering, at the entrance to the tabernacleSignifying that all our offerings of Christ must be offered in the church meetings, specifically whenever we come together to meet as God’s testimony.However, this means that we must experience Christ as the offerings in our daily life, which is for the church life.All our individual experiences are for the church life, that is, for the corporate life.
6The Offerings in the Book of Leviticus The Burnt OfferingThe Meal OfferingThe Peace OfferingThe Sin OfferingThe Trespass OfferingThe Wave OfferingThe Heave OfferingThe Free Will OfferingThe Drink Offering
8Who Can Offer?This offering can be presented by any one of the Israelites, that is, by any one of the believers (1:2)
9Three Kinds of Burnt Offering Of the herd, i.e. a bull (Lev. 1:2-3)He shall kill the bull before the LORD (1:5 a)Of the flock, i.e. a sheep or a goat‘If his offering is of the flocks—of the sheep or of the goats—as a burnt sacrifice, he shall bring a male without blemish (1:10)Of birds, i.e. a turtledove or a young pigeon‘And if the burnt sacrifice of his offering to the LORD is of birds, then he shall bring his offering of turtledoves or young pigeons (1:14)
10Three Kinds of Experiences of the Burnt Offering It is the same offering, but of a different size.Indicating the varying degrees of appreciation and ability of the offerer.
11The Young Bull – Its Characteristics Representing Jesus Christ and our experience of Him.A male, indicating strengthYoung, indicating freshnessWithout blemish, indicating that Jesus Christ had no defects and faults.
12Presented by the Israelite Presented at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting (1:3).Indicating that our offering of Christ must be in the church, with the saints, corporately, and not individually at home.This will cause God to accept our offering (1:3)
13The Young Bull – Identified with by the Offerer The offerer lays his hands on the head of the bull (1:4)Resulting in the offering being accepted for the offerer, and making atonement for him.
14Slaughtered by the Offerer Before JehovahAaron’s sons the priests shall present the blood and sprinkle the blood on and around the altar that is at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting (1:5)
15Skinned by the OffererStripped of our outward beauty, i.e. our reputation, our status, our honour, our dignity.
17The Outward Preparation Process of Being Burnt The altar is lit with fire by the sons of Aaron (1:7)The wood is arranged in order on the fireThe sons of Aaron can be the serving ones whom God uses to arrange our environment to prepare us to be burnt to ashes for God’s satisfaction.Aaron’s sons arrange the head and the fat in order on the wood
18The Inward Preparation Process of Being Burnt on the Altar The offerer washes with water the inward parts and legs of the bull.Indicating that our experience of the cross leads us to our need to be sanctified inwardly by the word of God and by the sanctifying Spirit of God.
19Burnt on the AltarBurnt entirely, as a whole, by the priest, as a burnt offering, an offering by fireHowever, the skin was not burnt. It was the portion of the serving priest:And the priest who offers anyone’s burnt offering, that priest shall have for himself the skin of the burnt offering which he has offered (7:8)
20The Result A satisfying fragrance to Jehovah. Ashes, signifying that God accepts the offering.
21A Sheep or a Goat A male Without blemish The offerer will slaughter it on the side of the altar northward before Jehovah, that is directly in line with the Holy of Holies.Aaron’s sons will sprinkle the blood on the altar
22The Sheep or Goat Cut into pieces by the offerer Arranged by the priest on the altarIts inward parts washed in water by the offererIt is not skinnedPresented by the priest and burnt on the altarFor a satisfying fragrance to JehovahConsumed to ashes
23A Turtledove or a Pigeon Brought by the offererThe priest is the one who presents it at the altarThe priest wrings off its headThe priest burns it on the altarThe priest drains out the blood on the side of the altar
24A Turtledove or a Pigeon The priest takes away the crop of the bird with its feathersThe priest casts the crop and feathers besides the altar towards the east, in the place of the ashesThe priest tears open the wings of the birds without dividing itThe priest burns the bird on the altar
25The Significance of the Offering of a Bird This may be an unprocessed, natural offering, without much experience.It is taken by the serving priest and processedThe crop and feathers may signify what is unclean and unnecessaryThe offering is torn, as opposed to the bull and sheep or goat which are cut into piecesThis may indicate that our offerings may need to be adjusted by the serving ones so we can grow in our experience of Christ as the absolute One for God.Eventually it is accepted by God
27The Responsibility of the Serving Ones, the Priests The priests were responsible to keep the fire on the altar burning. The fire must never go out.The burnt offering must be kept on the hearth on the altar all night until the morning.This indicates that as serving ones, we must be alert to stand with and prepare any brother or sister who would like to live a crucified life and offer Christ as their burnt offering.
28The Seriousness of the Priest’s Handling of the Believers’ Offerings The priests must put on a linen garment and linen trousers in order to carry the ashes from the altar to its side.Furthermore, the priest must take off his garments, put on fresh ones, and then carry the ashes from the side of the altar to outside the camp, to a clean place (6:11).This indicates that as serving ones, we must be careful how we handle the saints’ consecration and offerings. Any looseness, or negligence, in our conduct, may affect a brother’s offering in a negative way.Furthermore, we need to treasure the ashes of a brother’s offering in the same way as God treasures them.
29What Does the Burnt Offering Show Us? The burnt offering shows us how absolute Christ is for God.The burnt offering also shows us how unabsolute we are.Furthermore, the burnt offering shows us the kind of absolute life that we must have, that is a life continually on the altar (the cross).
30The Meal OfferingThe meal offering is introduced right after the burnt offering in Leviticus 2.The meal offering shows us how we can live an absolute life as human beings living on this earth.The meal offering portrays the fine, perfect, tender, balanced and complete humanity of the Lord Jesus.
32How is the Meal Offering Offered? Based on, and with the burnt offeringNow this is what you shall offer on the altar: two lambs of the first year, day by day continually. One lamb you shall offer in the morning, and the other lamb you shall offer at twilight. With the one lamb shall be one-tenth of an ephah of flour mixed with one-fourth of a hin of pressed oil, and one-fourth of a hin of wine as a drink offering. And the other lamb you shall offer at twilight; and you shall offer with it the grain offering and the drink offering, as in the morning, for a sweet aroma, an offering made by fire to the LORD. This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tabernacle of meeting before the LORD, where I will meet you to speak with you (Exodus 29:38-42)
33Two Kinds of Meal Offering A meal offering of fine flourA meal offering of first fruits
34The Characteristics of the First Kind of Meal Offering Fine flourSignifying a humanity that goes through a process of sufferingOil poured upon itSignifying the Holy SpiritFrankincense put on itSignifying the fragrance of resurrectionThe Lord Jesus lived a suffering life, yet manifested a life in resurrection
36The Meal Offering Offered as a Handful, and Thrown in the Fire Brought by the offerer to Aaron’s sons the priestsFrom that offering, a handful is taken by the priest and burned on the altarA handful indicates the smallest amount, small enough to carry.There is a little process involved but not much.This may be the individual Christ that we enjoy.There is no form or shape to the offering.The remainder is eaten by Aaron and his sons.
38Of Two Kinds Unleavened cakes mingled with oil Unleavened wafers anointed with oil
39Unleavened Cakes Mingled with Oil The largest kind of meal offering with a definite formIndicating a long process of baking.Producing food that is nourishing and fillingResulting in food that may not be that easy to eatIndicating an offering that results in a corporate testimony that ultimately satisfies God
40Unleavened Wafers Anointed with Oil Easier to eatNot mingled with, but anointed with oilIndicating that the process is not that thorough
41The Meal Offering Baked on a Flat Plate Not a definite shapeVisible, indicating an offering that is somewhat outwardBroken in pieces, indicating a process of sufferingOil poured on it, indicating the experience of the Spirit
42The Meal Offering in a Pot Indicating an offering that has some depth, and is also somewhat hidden.
43Further Characteristics of the Meal Offering No leaven – indicating the absence of anything that makes the offering naturally easy to eatNo honey – indicating the absence of natural sweetnessSalt added – indicating the element needed to kill germs and preserve the nature of the offering
44The Characteristics of the Second Kind of Meal Offering First fruitsConsisting of new grain roasted with fireCrushed grain in the earOil is put on itFrankincense is placed on itBurned on the altar by the priest
45The Peace OfferingThis is the spontaneous result of the burnt offering and the meal offeringAs we experience Christ as our burnt offering (a life absolute for God), and we experience Christ as our meal offering, feeding on Him as our life supply in order to live an absolute life for God, we experience peaceThis peace results in fellowship with God and men.The peace offerings are experienced mainly in the church meetings, specifically during the Lord’s Table meetings.
46The Characteristics of the Peace Offering Either of the herd, or of the flockEither male or femaleThe fat and inward parts are burned on the altar, as food for GodNo fat or blood are to be eaten
48For ThanksgivingPresented with a meal offering of unleavened cakes mingled with oil, unleavened wafers anointed with oil and saturated cakes of fine flour mingled with oil (Lev. 7:12)Also presented with cakes of leavened bread (7:13), indicating that the offerer still has sin and is in a weak condition.The offerer shall offer one cake of each category for a heave offering (v. 14)The flesh of the peace offering must be eaten on the same day.
49For a Free Will Offering Similar requirements for the peace offering of thanksgivingHowever, the flesh could be eaten on the second day also.But not on the third dayThis indicates that the peace offering of free will is more solid and lasting.
50Two Results of the Peace Offering The wave offeringThe heave offering
51The Wave OfferingOut of the peace offering, any Israelite must bring the breast of the animal with its fatThe breast was waved as a wave offering before Jehovah (7:30)The fat was burned on the altarThe breast was to be eaten by Aaron and his sonsIndicating the loving part of Christ in His resurrection for us to love Him and His church
52The Heave OfferingOut of the peace offering, any Israelite must bring the right thigh of the animal with its fatThe right thigh was heaved up as a heave offering before Jehovah (7:30)The fat was burned on the altarThe thigh was to be eaten by Aaron and his sonsIndicating the strong part of Christ in His ascension for us, as serving priests, to stand for Him for His testimony.
53What Can We Take Home From All This? The burnt offering is for God’s total satisfaction. We realize that we are not absolute for God.Yet Christ is absolute. We may experience him as the crucified One who was burned completely to ashes for God’s enjoyment.
54The Way to Live Such a Life How can we live such a life?We need to experience Christ as our meal offering, His humanity as our rich life supply to live such a life.Wherever there is the burnt offering, there must be the meal offering as the supply to live an absolute life for God.
55The ResultEventually, the experience of the burnt offering and the meal offering lead us to an experience of peace and intimate fellowship with God and men, as seen in the peace offering.All of God’s children have the liberty and responsibility to offer.The ability and size of the offerings will differ according to maturity and experience.However, God accepts every offering.All of these offerings must be for God’s testimony. All our individual experiences are for the church life, for the building up of God’s testimony.