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By:. Meaning The Holocaust (from the Greek ὁ λόκαυστος holókaustos: hólos, "whole" and kaustós, "burnt"), also known as The Shoah (Hebrew: השואה, HaShoah,

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Presentation on theme: "By:. Meaning The Holocaust (from the Greek ὁ λόκαυστος holókaustos: hólos, "whole" and kaustós, "burnt"), also known as The Shoah (Hebrew: השואה, HaShoah,"— Presentation transcript:

1 By:

2 Meaning The Holocaust (from the Greek ὁ λόκαυστος holókaustos: hólos, "whole" and kaustós, "burnt"), also known as The Shoah (Hebrew: השואה, HaShoah, “calamity” - was the genocide of approximately six million European Jews during World War II, a programme of systematic state-sponsored extermination by Nazi Germany. Some scholars maintain that the definition of the Holocaust should also include the Nazis' systematic murder of millions of people in other groups, including Romani, Soviet prisoners of war, Polish and Soviet civilians, homosexuals or people with disabilities.

3 Meaning Antisemitism is prejudice against or hostility towards Jews often rooted in hatred of their ethnic background, culture, and/or religion. In its extreme form, it "attributes to the Jews an exceptional position among all other civilizations, defames them as an inferior group and denies their being part of the nation(s) in which they reside. Antisemitism may be manifested in many ways, ranging from individual expressions of hatred and discrimination against individual Jews to organized violent attacks by mobs, or even state police, or military attacks on entire Jewish communities. Antisemitism also often suspect Jews of consipring to harm non-Jews, which often explains why are things bad.

4 Victims of the Holocaust, many states is reminiscent of 27th January, the day of liberation of the extermination camp of Auschwitz - Birkenau by the Red Army... In the words of the of the Nobel Peace Prize laureate Elie Wiesel: "Forget means kill all the victims again. "

5 Hitler in 1922 in a private interview with Major Helle said: "When I get power, the extermination of Jews to be my first and foremost task." In another part of the interview he also showed his bigotry: "I will build a gallows in Munich, such as Marienplatz and the there will be as many of them as traffic allows. Then the Jews will be hanged one after another and stay there until each will get stinky... When you release a place on the gallows, now on it will hang another Jew. This will continue until they be destroyed all the Jews in Munich. Exactly the same way it takes place in other cities until Germany is completely rid of all Jews. "

6 Main oppression, restriction, humilitation...

7 Isolation, separation of Jews and non-Jews - ghettos...

8 Terezín - concentration camp; ghetto in Czechoslovakia During World War II, the Gestapo used Terezín, as a ghetto, concentrating Jews from Czechoslovakia, as well as many from Germany, Austria, the Netherlands, and Denmark. More than 150,000 Jews were sent there. About 88,000 inhabitants were deported to Auschwitz and other extermination camps. It was liberated on 9 May 1945 by the Soviet Army.

9 Terezín In September 1942 it counted nearly 58,500 prisoners - there were dying on average 127 people a day!

10 “Final solution of Jews' question” Consultation took place on 20 January 1942 in Wannsee... Main points: expulsion of the Jews living in different areas of the German nation, expulsion of the Jews from the living space of the German people... And that will lead to the systematic extermination!

11 Auschwitz-Birkenau (Osvětim) The trail between life and death... Entrance: “Work liberates”

12 Transport, cattle wagons

13 “Selection” after arrival

14 They took them everything hair, glasses...

15 suitcases,

16 shoes,

17 or even health aids...

18 Wroclaw professor Dr. Ing. Zunker, on Himmler's orders to investigate the properties of Birkenau's water wrote: "This water is not fit to wash his mouth." Food quality was much worse than conventional food, by which scientists calculate food's caloric value. In Auschwitz prisoners receive a hard-working food daily caloric value of only about 40%. It was less than required to maintain a normal person's life without work and movement. This malnutrition set in a gradual destruction of the organism. Systematic and deliberate malnutrition was one of the main reasons that people soon after the arrival died.

19 Tatooed numbers

20 Accomodation...

21 Hygiene, toilets

22 Hard work for almost no food... Morning formations...

23 Dr. Mengele, experiments on people, gaunt people evrywhere

24 Cyklon B, Gas Chambers

25 Crematorium, combustion...

26 “Striped pyjamas”

27 - mass murder, running a day after thousands of casualties. In the camp were located four crematories with gas chambers. Every day it was possible to kill and burn up to 10,000 people... in all the camps of Auschwitz-Birkenau, KL died at least 1.1 million people (total victims of the Nazi's holocaust to 6 million Jews): 960,000 Jews 70-75 000 Poles 21,000 Gypsies 15,000 Soviet War prisioners 10-15 000 prisoners of other nationalities

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