Presentation on theme: "Financing opportunities for leasing Securitizations"— Presentation transcript:
1Financing opportunities for leasing Securitizations International Finance CorporationFinancing opportunities for leasing SecuritizationsBy Cristian NacuInvestment Officer
2What is securitization? A form of structured financeStarted in early ‘70s with the sale of pooled mortgage loans guaranteed by government agencies.Any current or future cash flow that is generated by assets can be securitized:mortgage loans,auto loans,credit card receivablesequipment leasesrecord album receivables (David Bowie and Pavarotti).lottery winningsunsold airline tickets
3Players in a Securitization Involves three parties: Originator, Issuer (SPE), and InvestorsThe Originator – who initially created the receivables is packaging a pool of receivablesThe Issuer (SPE) – purchaser of the pool and issuer of the asset-backed securities (ABS)The Investors – purchasers of the ABSOther parties: Intermediaries, Trustee, Brokers, Custodian, Rating Agencies, Servicer, etc.
4Transaction ORIGINATOR $ ISSUER $ INVESTORS Step 1. The Originator is booking the assets which will create receivables.Step 2. The Originator packages the receivables and sells them to the issuer - a bankruptcy remote SPE.Step 3. ABS are issued backed by the cash flows of the loans themselves and, typically, the underlying assets. The ABS are also supported by various forms of credit enhancement.ORIGINATORTrue sale$ISSUERABS$INVESTORS
5Advantages for the Originator Immediate access to cashDiversification for funding sourcesPotentially lower cost of fundingAbility of financially weak or small market players to access fundingAssets –liability matchingRisk TransferDevelopmental role (emerging markets)
6Credit enhancement (required in every Securitization) Intended to reduce the risks to the Investors and thereby increase the rating of the Securities and lower the costs to the OriginatorTypical forms of credit enhancement are:Over-collateralizationSenior/subordinated structureEarly amortizationCash collateral accountReserve fundSecurity bondLiquidity providerLetter of credit
7Lease securitizations An increasing proportion of the total ABS market.Depends on legal, tax, accounting and regulatory frameworkIssues: ownership, service, retitling and reregistering (in the case of leased vehicles)Unsecured loans
8IFC’s Financial Strength IFC’s mandate is backed by:Total capital of over US$6.8 billion175 government shareholdersAAA/Aaa rating; preferred creditor statusInvestment portfolio of US$17 billion in 117 countriesFY03 financing approved for US$5.4 billion
9How does IFC get involved with securitization? Advisory Assignments:review the local legal and regulatory framework and evaluate its suitability for securitization;help with the preparation or amendment of local securitization laws;determine whether securitization is a viable funding strategy for the sponsor.Structuring Mandates:provides structuring expertise;helps the client to prepare and analyze the required portfolio data;guides the client through the structuring process, including price negotiations, rating reviews, deal documentation and securities placement.Investing and Credit Enhancement Capacity:invests primarily in domestic securitizations;makes funded and unfunded investments in rated subordinate tranches, both in local and foreign currency;IFC can also provide liquidity support, currency and interest rate swaps, and warehousing facilities to build up specific asset pools for later securitization.
10Successful IFC securitizations Garanti Leasing – TurkeySogeko – KoreaNIIT – IndiaSAHL – South Africa
11Ex: Garanti Leasing “GL” First securitization of lease receivables in Turkey;Securitizing a portfolio of US$ and DM - denominated lease receivables originated by GL;US$10 (7) million A loan and US$50 (45) million B Loan;Fixed and floating rates with 6 years maturity;Approx. US$70 million lease receivables have been assigned on a true sale basis (30% over collateralization) to IFC;GL retained a subordinated residual interest in the Receivables, in the amount of the over collateralization;IFC sold the participation in the B loan to a SPE;The SPE issued fixed and floating-rate notes through a private placement with eligible European investors
12Garanti Leasing “GL” (cont.) The receivables covered a wide variety of lease receivables: for textile equipment, printing equipment, computer equipment, medical equipment and embroidery equipment, etc.Sponsor support: GL increased its share capital and rolled over a significant amount of loans.Covenants designed to ensure: (i) that the proceeds of the securitization were used to improve the Company’s financial situation; and (ii) the continuance of GL as a sound institution.Additional credit enhancement in the form of a liquidity reserve fund (of approximately 4 percent of the Receivables)
13Not so bright side of Securitization (when used primarily because of the accounting results) Shrinking the Balance Sheet - appear smaller than they really are.Bank Capital Regulations - reduce their regulatory capital requirements.Gains-on-Sale - make their earnings seem stronger than they really are.Complexity - making its financial structure so complicated that it defied reasonable attempts at analysis.Bankruptcy - place its securitized assets beyond the reach of the bankruptcy system, which, arguably, might be unfair to its other creditors.
1410 reasons as to why the Titanic was actually a securitization instrument (Vinod Kothari): 1) The downside was not immediately apparent.2) It went underwater rapidly despite assurances it was unsinkable.3) Only a few wealthy people got out in time.4) The structure appeared iron-clad.5) Nobody really understood the risk.6) The disaster happened overnight London time.7) Nobody spent any time monitoring the risk.8) People spent a lot trying to lift it out of the water.9) People who actually made money were not in original deal.10) Despite the disaster, people still went on other ships.
15Thank You! IFC’s Mission in Romania Cristian Nacu Investment Officer 83, Dacia Bvd.BucharestTel: ;Fax: