Presentation on theme: "Series on ethics based on 'Doing the Right Thing' Study guide at Christian worldview teaching Ed van Ouwerkerk,"— Presentation transcript:
Series on ethics based on 'Doing the Right Thing' Study guide at Christian worldview teaching Ed van Ouwerkerk, ISI campus staff, Ames (IA)
King wrote the letter from the city jail in Birmingham, Alabama, where he was confined after being arrested for his part in the Birmingham campaign, a planned non-violent protest conducted by the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights and King's Southern Christian Leadership Conference against racial segregation by Birmingham's city government and downtown retailers. It was smuggled out of the jail in a toothpaste tube to avoid the jail's guards. The Letter from Birmingham Jail, also known as The Negro Is Your Brother, is an open letter written on April 16, 1963, by Martin Luther King, Jr., an American civil rights leader. The letter includes the famous statements: "Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere“ and “An unjust law does not bind the conscience; we have a moral responsibility to resist unjust laws”
“The Abolition of Man” by C.S. Lewis (1943) It is subtitled "Reflections on education with special reference to the teaching of English in the upper forms of schools," and uses that as a starting point for a defense of objective value and natural law, and a warning of the consequences of doing away with or "debunking" those things. It defends science as something worth pursuing but criticizes using it to debunk values — the value of science itself being among them — or defining it to exclude such values.
Altruism is a concern for the welfare of others. It is a traditional virtue in many cultures, and a core aspect of various religious traditions, though the concept of 'others' toward whom concern should be directed can vary among cultures and religions. Altruism is the opposite of selfishness. The term altruism may also refer to an ethical doctrine that claims that individuals are morally obliged to benefit others. Used in this sense, it is the opposite of egoism. “The Good Samaritan” by Vincent van Gogh (1890) Atrocity is behavior or an action that is wicked or ruthless. Atrocities are acts of extreme cruelty, especially against prisoners or civilians in wartime.
The Golden Rule is arguably the most essential basis for the modern concept of human rights, in which each individual has a right to just treatment, and a reciprocal responsibility to ensure justice for others. A key element of the Golden Rule is that a person attempting to live by this rule treats all people with consideration, not just members of his or her in-group. The Golden Rule has its roots in a wide range of world cultures, and is a standard different cultures use to resolve conflicts. The Golden Rule or ethic of reciprocity is a ethical code or morality that essentially states either of the following: - One should treat others as one would like others to treat oneself, or - One should not treat others in ways that one would not like to be treated.
Watch video (35 min.) of Session Two (disk 2) Make notes on the handout during the video: 1. Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s Letter from the Birmingham Jail a. The Judeo-Christian tradition b. Natural law c. Unjust laws and civil disobedience 2. The argument from experience a. C.S. Lewis, The Abolition of Man b. Children and fairness 3. Evolutionary psychology: is morality programmed into our genes? a. The argument from transformed behavior b. The argument from altruism 4. Is moral relativism possible? a. Compartmentalization b. The problem of atrocities c. Religion in public life d. The problem of raw power in law and government After the movie, discuss the questions of your handout