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CS-2852 Data Structures LECTURE 11 Andrew J. Wozniewicz Image copyright © 2010 andyjphoto.com

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CS-2852 Data Structures, Andrew J. Wozniewicz Agenda Binary Search Trees – Removing Data

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CS-2852 Data Structures, Andrew J. Wozniewicz Removing Data Arguably, the most complex algorithm of the course! Find the node to be deleted – If it doesn’t exist: exit Leaf (Terminal) Node: – Remove the parent’s reference to deleted node Non-Leaf Node: – Find the child to replace the deleted node – THREE scenarios…

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Remove: Case 1 Removed Node has no right child – Left child replaces removed remove(8)

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Remove: Case 1 Removed Node has no right child – Left child replaces removed remove(8) – Find node to remove – Has no right child ?

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Remove: Case 1 Removed Node has no right child – Left child replaces removed remove(8) – Find node to remove – Has no right child – Promote left child

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Remove: Case 2 Removed right child has no left – Right child replaces removed remove(6)

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Remove: Case 2 Removed right child has no left – Right child replaces removed remove(6) – Find node to remove – Node right has no left

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Remove: Case 2 Removed right child has no left – Right child replaces removed remove(6) – Find node to remove – Node right has no left – Promote right child

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Remove: Case 2 Removed right child has no left – Right child replaces removed remove(6) – Find node to remove – Node right has no left – Promote right child

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Remove: Case 3 Removed right child has left child – Right child’s left-most child replaces removed remove(6)

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Remove: Case 3 Removed right child has left child – Right child’s left-most child replaces removed remove(6) – Find node to remove – Node on right has left – Find right’s leftmost child – Promote leftmost child

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Remove: Case 3 Removed right child has left child – Right child’s left-most child replaces removed remove(6) – Find node to remove – Node on right has left – Find right’s leftmost child – Promote leftmost child

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Remove: Case 3 Removed right child has left child – Right child’s left-most child replaces removed remove(6) – Find node to remove – Node on right has left – Find right’s leftmost child – Promote leftmost child

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Remove: Case 3 Removed right child has left child – Right child’s left-most child replaces removed remove(6) – Find node to remove – Node on right has left – Find right’s leftmost child – Promote leftmost child

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CS-2852 Data Structures, Andrew J. Wozniewicz Summary Binary Search Trees – Removing Data

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Questions? Image copyright © 2010 andyjphoto.com

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Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 20: Binary Trees.

Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 20: Binary Trees.

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