Presentation on theme: "SVOBODEN NAKONETZ!!!! THE LIFE OF MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. BY: ZACHARY PRITCHETT, PCV."— Presentation transcript:
SVOBODEN NAKONETZ!!!! THE LIFE OF MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. BY: ZACHARY PRITCHETT, PCV
On January 15, we celebrate the life and the legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr. Many people have heard of the legendary civil rights figure, but what do you know about him?
COCA-COLA ISN’T THE ONLY WORLD RENOWNED PRODUCT FROM GEORGIA When Martin Luther King, Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, his original first name was Michael. The reason for the name change is a little hazy; his father thought it was to honor the leader of The Protestant Reformation, but his grandfather could not read or write, and was simply confused.
MLK JR., AS A REGULAR KID Martin was the middle child in a group of three, with on older sister, Willie Christie, and a younger brother, Alfred Daniel Williams King. He sang in his church choir at the movie premiere of Gone with the Wind, and when he was 15, was smart enough to enroll at Morehouse College as a freshman. However…
SCHOOL DAZE When MLK Jr. was a student, he was a ladies man and a great dancer. He had a hard time keeping up with his studies, and as a result, graduated with a 2.48 grade point average.
SCHOOL DAZE His major, by the way, was in sociology. Ironically, he wanted to be a lawyer instead of a pastor, because he thought that they were responsible for helping people.
MLK, JR. CONSIDERS SEMINARY SCHOOL When he was a junior in college, he renewed his faith, and started considering the ministry as a promising career. The president at the time, Benjamin Elijah Mays, was not exactly excited to recommend him to the seminary, though, given MLK’s GPA.
DID MLK, JR. EVENTUALLY GO? Yes, he did—to Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester Pennsylvania, where he became their valedictorian. After his studies at Crozer, he did his Ph. D dissertation at Boston University.
MLK AT BOSTON UNIVERSITY While there, he studied the works of many leaders and theologians like Reinhold Neibuhr, and Hindu Mahatma Gandhi—who would be a major influence on the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950’s and ‘60s.
“THE NEGRO IS YOUR BROTHER” In April of 1963, MLK participated in a non-violent campaign conducted by the SCLC (explained in the next slide), and the Alabama Christian Movement for Civil Rights. As a result, he was arrested and thrown in jail.
“THE NEGRO IS YOUR BROTHER” While eight white clergy sympathized with his views on segregation, they also believed that arguments over segregation should be fought in the courts and not in the streets, which they detailed in the sermon, “A Call to Unity.” King disagreed, declaring in his essay, “The Negro is Your Brother,”: “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.” Many people know this essay as “A Letter from a Birmingham Jail.”
A MAN IS (PARTLY) RESPONSIBLE FOR THE SCLC MLK developed close relationships with many people, including a man named Bayard Rustin. Among the many responsibilities he is credited for, he helped to establish the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to end all forms of segregation. But he also had a hand in a pivotal point in the Civil Rights Movement…
THE MARCH ON WASHINGTON Rustin was the chief organizer of the 1963 March on Washington For Jobs and Freedom.
“I HAVE A DREAM” While MLK gave arguably his most famous speech in Washington, D.C. on August 28, 1963, and was one of history’s greatest orators, he did not write that speech. That honor goes to a man named Walter Fauntroy, a Civil Rights activist.
1964 This would be the biggest year in MLK’s life at the age of 35, as he would be the first African American to be Time’s “Man of the Year”…
1964 …and he would be the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
J. EDGAR HOOVER: NOT A FAN OF MLK At the height of the Vietnam War, MLK spoke out against the government for imposing the draft allowing young men to die for a senseless war. The FBI grew concerned about his statements, branded him a terrorist, and inserted spies in his meetings and activities to track is movements, whereabouts and conversations.
APRIL 4 On this date in 1968, MLK would give the last speech in his life, “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop.” Around 6 p.m., he would be fatally shot in the head of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. His funeral would draw thousands of people around the world to Atlanta. One of his pallbearers was fellow Morehouse Man and future superstar Samuel L. Jackson.
WHEN WAS THE FIRST MLK HOLIDAY OBSERVED? The first MLK holiday was observed on January, 1986. The president at the time, Ronald Reagan, after major convincing, declared MLK’s birthday a national holiday.
WHAT DO U2 AND STEVIE WONDER HAVE IN COMMON? Aside from championing causes such as famine relief, AIDS research and equal rights, they have written top 40 hits in regards to the life of MLK, Jr.: U2: “Pride (In the Name of Love:” Stevie Wonder: “Happy Birthday” -The latter would serve as the campaign for the MLK, Jr. holiday.
DO WE CELEBRATE MLK’S HOLIDAY ON HIS BIRTHDAY? Yes, we do; however, we officially celebrate his birthday on the third Monday in January as well.
WHAT DO PEOPLE DO ON MLK’S BIRTHDAY? To honor MLK’s legacy, people attend special programs across the country, and listen to his sermons, especially the last sermon before he was assassinated. People also visit his gravesite and lay a wreath next to his tombstone in his memory.
WHAT DO PEOPLE DO ON MLK’S BIRTHDAY? (Cont’d) People also do community service, such as renovating homes, cleaning up neighborhoods and parks, and feeding the homeless. The slogan for the holiday is “Not a day off, but a day on.”
JUST HOW SIGNIFICANT IS THIS MAN? As of today, Martin Luther King Jr. is the only African- American and the only non-president to have both a holiday in his honor and a monument in the Washington National Mall.
MARTIN LUTHER KING. JR QUOTES “Faith is taking the first step even when you can’t see the whole staircase.” “Let no man pull you so low as to hate him. “Nothing in this world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity.” “The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort and convenience, but where he stands in times of challenge and controversy.”