We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byAraceli Russel
Modified about 1 year ago
Version 2.0 Copyright © AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. A Critical Edge Conference: The Complete Sixth Form London, 24 June, 2011 Presenter: John Butterworth
Purpose of the workshop Version 2.0 Copyright © AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. An introductory discussion of the concept of claim and the central activities of recognising, classifying and critically evaluating claims.
Key concepts Version 2.0 Copyright © AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. Claim Assertion Assumption
Some associated concepts Version 2.0 Copyright © AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. Knowledge / belief Judgement / opinion Inference Justification A Critical Edge
Claims and assertions Version 2.0 Copyright © AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. What is the difference (if any)? What do they have in common? Claims and assertions purport to be true. Strictly, an assertion is a claim to knowledge. The ‘rule’ of assertion is that a speaker / author should assert only what he or she knows, or believes with good reason. Claims and assertions are therefore understood as expressions of knowledge or justified belief (on the part of the speaker)
Varieties of claim Version 2.0 Copyright © AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. Students should recognise the differences between claims in general, and variants: hypothesis, conjecture, supposition, guess,... prediction, proposal, recommendation, warning, allegation,...
Direct and reported claims Version 2.0 Copyright © AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. A direct claim or assertion is one that is made by the speaker or author. For example: “Sparrow-hawks are a protected by law.” An indirect (or reported) claim is one that is attributed to another source. For example: “The RSPB has issued a warning that sparrow-hawks are protected by law.”
Grounds and justifications Version 2.0 Copyright © AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. A claim is justified if can be shown to be self-evident, or if it can be validly inferred on reliable grounds – that is from claims which are themselves justified.
Assumptions Version 2.0 Copyright © AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. Assumptions are claims which are made without full justification. Some are ‘made without saying’: i.e. implicit assumptions. Some ‘go without saying’: i.e. they are safe or warranted assumptions. But many are unwarranted. Obviously an unwarranted assumption detracts from the reliability of other claims and inferences that depend upon them. Recognising and assessing assumptions is arguably the most challenging aspect of Critical Thinking
Claims in the AQA specification Version 2.0 Copyright © AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. Classify and evaluate different kinds of claim (AS: Unit 1); Recognise and evaluate different kinds of evidence that are used to justify beliefs and claims to knowledge (AS Unit 2); Recognise significant differences between certain claims, and take these into account when assessing the grounds (A2 Unit 3); Understand what is involved in testing hypotheses (A2: Unit 3)
Responding to claims: John Dewey Version 2.0 Copyright © AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. ‘Active, careful and persistent consideration of beliefs and supposed forms of knowledge, in the light of the grounds which support them and the conclusions to which they tend.’ [Dewey 1909: How We Think]
The texts Version 2.0 Copyright © AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. Two texts, from contrasting genres, are presented for critical discussion: Walk this way Source, WDCS. Genre: popular science / wildlife Why a vote for AV is a vote for BNP Source, The Sun. Genre: tabloid journalism / political comment
Copyright © 2010 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. The Assessment and Qualifications Alliance (AQA) is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number ) and a registered charity (registered charity number ). Registered address: AQA, Devas Street, Manchester M15 6EX. A Critical Edge For further information about AQA Critical Thinking GCE go to: And follow links to Qualifications / A-Level / Humanities
EECS 690 April 5. Type identity Is a kind of physicalism Every mental event is identical with a physical event In each case where two minds have something.
The. of and a to in is you that it he for.
Revising Source Integration. Due Friday Following directions in this assignment will be key. There is a certain layout you must prescribe to in order.
Critical Thinking CT is a self-directed process by which we take deliberate steps to think at the highest level of quality. CT is skillful, responsible.
Slide 1 of 21 Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall 1-1 What Is Science?
Of. and a to the in is you that it at be.
The. of and a to in is you that it he was.
UNDERSTANDING AMERICAN CITIZENSHIP A partnership between Orange County Department of Education and University of California, Irvine History Project.
Arrangements of Argument Presented by E. Wanczuk; adapted from Carbone, Paula M. AP Institute. California State University, San Marcos. CSUSM, San Marcos,
Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. ERATER and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational.
Key Stage 3 National Strategy Departmental evaluation and forward planning for Key Stage 3 science.
Bristol Year 12 Conference Answering Data Response Questions John Birchall.
Conducting Research Investigating Your Topic Copyright 2012, Lisa McNeilley.
The Shared Inquiry Method adapted from the Great Books Foundation.
Writing the Thesis Statement By Worth Weller (with a little help from the Purdue and Dartmouth OWL)
Protecting and promoting the interests of patients and the public in health research 1 Patients, the Public, and Research Information for patients and.
Internal Assessment The Parts. Title Page Title: Give a clear indication of what is being investigated. A title such as, “Memory Experiment” is not.
Frontiers of Western Philosophy Empiricism John Locke Bishop George Berkeley David Hume ( CE) (1685 – 1753 CE) (1711 – 1776 CE)
What is Science? 6 th Grade Earth Science. What is Science? A.Science—an organized way of studying things and finding answers to questions. B.Critical.
Critical Thinking By Anthony Campanaro & Dennis Hernandez.
Effective Questioning EDTE 408 Principles of Teaching.
Lecture Two. Understanding Academic Writing. Critical, Analytical, and Creative Thinking.
High Frequency Words List A Group 1. the of and.
Imagine It! Inquiry. Why Use the Inquiry Process? Instruction in reading, writing, speaking, and listening is often fragmented and lacking in a coherent.
LONDON’S GLOBAL UNIVERSITY Critical and Analytical Thinking.
Visualization Tools, Argumentation Schemes and Expert Opinion Evidence in Law Douglas Walton University of Winnipeg, Canada Thomas F. Gordon Fraunhofer.
EXPERT EVIDENCE: GETTING IT RIGHT Presentation to HICFG by Alistair Webster Q.C Elizabeth Nicholls.
Why We Do Research Chapter 1. Ordinary Versus Systematic Biased Question: A question that leads to a specific response or excludes a certain group Nonscientific.
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY. Meaning Research is an endeavor to discover answers to intellectual and practical problems through the application of scientific.
1 About Science Science is the study of natures rules.
© 2016 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.