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Special Thanks … Utah State University The Italian Place Dining Services Crumb Bros. Bread Ethan Muhs.

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Presentation on theme: "Special Thanks … Utah State University The Italian Place Dining Services Crumb Bros. Bread Ethan Muhs."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Special Thanks … Utah State University The Italian Place Dining Services Crumb Bros. Bread Ethan Muhs

3 Energy Revolution !

4 Jeff Muhs Executive Director of Energy Ventures Utah State University/USTAR

5 Our energy challenges call for a revolution Energy Imports Oil Price Shocks Food Price Shocks Resource Depletion Climate Change

6 Our energy challenges call for a revolution $4 gas in % increase in 2007 Air / water quality problems & deforestation 70% increase in GHG emissions since 1970 U.S. Imports > 60% - often from unfriendly nations Energy Imports Oil Price Shocks Food Price Shocks Resource Depletion Climate Change

7 Our energy challenges call for a revolution $4 gas in % increase in 2007 Air / water quality problems & deforestation 70% increase in GHG emissions since 1970 U.S. Imports > 60% - often from unfriendly nations Energy Imports Oil Price Shocks Food Price Shocks Resource Depletion Climate Change

8 “The supply of secure, clean, sustainable energy is arguably the most important scientific and technical challenge facing humanity in the 21 st century.” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (2006) 103, 15729

9 Energy revolution can occur at many levels.

10 Challenges are daunting ! But… most choose to work on the small stuff Levels Where Change Can Occur Energy R&D Example Relative Risk of Change to Insiders SystemsBuildings Sub-SystemsLighting Systems ComponentsElectric Lamps ProcessesLight Emitting Diodes Current Govt. Energy Initiatives U.S. Solid- State Lighting Initiative High Low  Incrementalism, NOT revolution.

11 Levels Where Change Can Occur Energy R&D Examples Relative Risk of Change to Insiders SystemsTransportationBuildingsSolar Energy Sub-SystemsSelf-Propelled, Vehicles Lighting Systems Electricity Generation ComponentsEnginesElectric Lamps Solar cells ProcessesChemical Storage Light Emitting Diodes Photo-Electric Effect Current Govt. Energy Initiatives U.S. FreedomCar Initiative U.S. Solid- State Lighting Initiative U.S. Solar America Initiative High Societal, Socio-Technical, Political, Organizational, Institutional, Personal, Programmatic Risk Low Biggest risks to revolution are NOT technical

12  Risk-averse, “evolutionary” thinking Addressing known needs and problems with new scientific knowledge, materials and processes. Existing Need“evolutionary” ideas More efficient light bulbsNew light emitting diodes More efficient, cheap solar cells New photoelectric conversion devices Self-propelled cars and trucks requiring less or no oil Plug-in electric vehicles and hydrogen-powered cars More drought tolerant crops grown in less fertile soil Genetic engineering of traditional crop feed stocks

13 We need REVOLUTION not evolution

14 Intuitive Lighting R&D Challenge: Real-time scene interpretation, task identification, and predictive lighting control

15 medium Algae Biofuels R&D Challenges: Methods to improve sunlight use, algae yield, and dewatering / drying

16 Great Salt Lake algae strains grow best in high pH and salinity environments. Temperature, CO 2, nutrient, and light controlled reactors Answers often come from strange places

17 Adaptive Solar Energy Systems R&D Challenge: Optical “switchyards” that redirect sunlight based on real-time needs in buildings

18 Wireless Hybrid Electric Vehicles Integrates energy, vehicle, highway, communication infrastructures. Addresses all 8 problems of current system: petroleum use, energy price shocks, carbon emissions, air pollution, congestion, fuel costs, labor, and accidents. ECONOMIC IMPACT: Trillions in potential savings; enable GDP growth rivaling that derived from Interstate Highway System. R&D Challenge: Wireless energy transfer from electric highways to moving vehicles

19 Common traits of revolution Outsider  often a young novice Resisted by entrenched insiders  usually old experts New thinking and “disruptive” innovations Old ideas made possible by new technology Keys to success: A good idea The 8 “P’s”: People, Purpose, Passion, Patience, Persistence, Partnerships, Politics, Perseverance

20 We need a new generation of revolutionaries with big ideas Look beyond today  envision what future energy systems might consist of pursue opportunities for bringing entirely new core capabilities to energy systems. Create new paradigms and R&D pathways Develop functioning, interdisciplinary teams Impact our energy future at a higher level

21 We need you!

22 Lynsey Talbot Student Researcher Utah State University

23 Natural Gas Drilling

24 Uintah Basin Evaporation Ponds

25 Uintah Basin

26 Lab Setup

27 Biodiesel

28 Kevin Shurtleff PhD, MBA New Energy Entrepreneur Member, USTAR Technology Outreach Team

29 Kevin Shurtleff PhD, MBA New Energy Entrepreneur Associate Director, Eastern Utah, USTAR Technology Outreach

30 Energy is Important to Utah Utah is Important to Energy

31 Oil & Gas Fields Source: Southwest Regional Partnership * * Oil and Gas - Enhanced Oil Recovery Source: Department of Energy

32 In-situ Vapor Extraction Mountain West Energy Source: Mountain West Energy

33 Coal Resources Source: Southwest Regional Partnership * * Coal - Low cost electricity Source: Deseret Generation and Transmission

34 Clean Coal - Gasification Source: University of Utah Institute for Clean and Secure Energy

35 Clean Coal - Underground Gasification Source: Partha Das Sharma

36 Deep Saline Aquifers CO2 Sequestration Source: Southwest Regional Partnership * * Dr. BJ McPherson and Associates $88mm federal grant $30mm to be spent in UT

37 Source: Idaho National Laboratory Oil Shale, Oil Sands, Uranium Source: Utah Geological Survey

38 Oil Shale OSEC - White River Mine - Uintah Basin, Utah Source: OSEC

39 Wind First Wind - Milford, Utah Source: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Wind Resource (50 m) * * * * Source: First Wind

40 Geothermal Raser Technologies - Beaver, Utah Source: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Geothermal Resource * * * * Source: Raser Technologies

41 Conventional Nuclear Power Blue Castle - Green River, Utah

42 Advanced Nuclear Power Fusion Energy - USU - Dr. Farrell Edwards

43 Fuel Cells ?


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