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BLACA – 12 September 2013 Originality Revisited: The CJEU and UK Copyright Law Dr Andreas Rahmatian University of Glasgow, School of Law.

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Presentation on theme: "BLACA – 12 September 2013 Originality Revisited: The CJEU and UK Copyright Law Dr Andreas Rahmatian University of Glasgow, School of Law."— Presentation transcript:

1 BLACA – 12 September 2013 Originality Revisited: The CJEU and UK Copyright Law Dr Andreas Rahmatian University of Glasgow, School of Law

2 Skill and Labour > < Creativity? Infopaq International v. Danske Dagblades Forening [2009] ECDR 16 (Case C-5/08) Bezpečnostní softwarová asociace v. Svaz softwarové ochrany v Ministerstvo kultury [2011] FSR 18 (Case C-393/09) Painer v. Standard Verlags GmbH, Axel Springer AG, Süddeutsche Zeitung GmbH, Spiegel-Verlag Rudolf Augstein GmbH & Co. KG, Verlag M. DuMont Schauberg Expedition der Kölnischen Zeitung GmbH & Co KG [2012] ECDR 6 (C-145/10) Football Dataco Ltd and others v. Yahoo! UK Ltd and others [2012] 2 CMLR 24 (Case C-604/10). 2

3 ECJ/CJEU – Interpretation of Originality ‘Own intellectual creation’ ‘… choice, sequence and combination of … words that the author may express his creativity in an original manner and achieve a result that is an intellectual creation (Infopaq, para. 45) The author has free and creative choices in several ways and at several points in its production, and can thereby ‘stamp the work created with its personal touch’ (Painer, paras. 90, 92) 3

4 Author’s Rights Originality Germany, s. 2(2) UrhG: ‘personal intellectual creation’ France: ‘marque de la personnalité de l’auteur’, l’empreinte de la personnalité de l’auteur’ = is not the EU notion of ‘own intellectual creation’ – what is the EU notion of originality? AND (e.g. in France): ‘des œuvres du langage de caractère technique et des compilations utilitaires dans lesquels la marque de la personnalité de l’auteur n’est pas évidente.’ (Lucas 2006, p. 75) (also: ‘kleine Münze’, neighbouring rights etc.) 4

5 ‘New’ Copyright-Originality? Skill, labour, effort and judgement (GB) ?? = COPYRIGHT SYSTEM Personal intellectual creation (D) ?? = AUTHOR’S RIGHT SYSTEM Arguably neither: “Originality” is a definition resting on further definitions 5

6 Possible definition for EU-influenced new UK Copyright-Originality: “A creation is protected by copyright if it constitutes an original work that is recorded in some permanent form. Originality means that a sufficient amount of skill, labour and/or judgement has gone into the work in such a way that through the choices, selection and arrangement in the making of the work the author gives the work a modicum of individuality and so renders it his/her own intellectual creation.” (A. Rahmatian, “Originality in UK Copyright Law: The Old ‘Skill and Labour’ Doctrine Under Pressure”, 44 IIC (2013) pp. 4-34, at p. 30) 6

7 Contact Details Dr. Andreas Rahmatian School of Law University of Glasgow, UK Email: andreas.rahmatian@glasgow.ac.uk 7


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