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“SSL in the DW” ET/EE Conference Washington D.C. 5 Nov 2009 Dr. Dave Irvine-Halliday

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Presentation on theme: "“SSL in the DW” ET/EE Conference Washington D.C. 5 Nov 2009 Dr. Dave Irvine-Halliday"— Presentation transcript:

1 “SSL in the DW” ET/EE Conference Washington D.C. 5 Nov 2009 Dr. Dave Irvine-Halliday

2 L I G H T U P T H E W O R L D the power to illuminate lives “Renewable Energy based Solid State Lighting is arguably one of the most important Agents of Change available to the Developing World in the past 100 years!” (LUTW 2008)

3 PROBLEM 2 Billion People Live Virtually in the Dark after Sunset and live on $1 per Day SOLUTION Renewable Energy based Solid State Lighting (conceived in Nepal in 1997) REALITY SSL Begets Literacy, Economic & Social Development, Equality, and by reducing CO2 is Climate Change friendly Raises Quality of Life Immediately!

4 Awards Engineering Institute of Canada, K.Y. Lo Medal (1Mar2008)‏ Honorary Doctorate, Aberdeen University, Scotland (4July 2006)‏ Centennial Medal Award, Alberta Government (23Dec2005)‏ TIME Canada Heroes (20June2005)‏ Meritorious Service Medal (MSM), Canadian Government (30May2005)‏ YMCA Calgary Peace Medal Award (26Nov2004)‏ Alberta Science & Technology Award(15Oct2004)‏ Reader’s Digest Canadian Hero of the Year Award (14June2004)‏ Alberta Emerald Award (9June2004)‏ Saatchi and Saatchi Award Laureate 2003 Tech Museum Award Laureate 2002 Rolex Award Laureate 2002 University of Calgary President’s Internationalization Achievement Award 2002 IEEE Third Millennium Medal for Outstanding Contributions 2000 APEGGA Summit Award for Contributions to Society 2000

5 The Facts! A third of the world’s population relies on kerosene, candles or firewood for lighting Fuel based lighting is inefficient, very unhealthy and unsafe, costly, and ecologically unsound The cost to governments in terms of fuel dependency and subsidies, is very high Centralized electrical grid systems pose very high costs for governments and are ineffective for serving remote rural villages Lack of suitable home lighting is solidly linked to illiteracy & poverty

6 Fuel Based Lighting Lapsi Danda Nepal June 2001 Bulb & Can type Kerosene Wick Lamps Knuckles Range Sri Lanka June 2002

7 Family in Thulo Pokhara, Nepal – the first village in the world to be lit permanently by SSL “A foreigner has come and made Thulo Pokhara heaven!” Nepal July 2000 Solid State Lighting for the Developing World: The First Generation Kathmandu, Nepal May 2000

8 “We used to be in darkness, now we are in light!” Nepal August 2000 Woman and children reading by SSL Jumla, Nepal August 2000 “This is the first time in the lives of my children that they have been able to read at night!” Sri Lanka 2001

9 Girl reading with 1 Watt WLED lamp Nepal 2006 “Now we have LED lighting we eat when we want to, not when we have to!” India 2005 LUTW provides the first solid state hospital operating theatre lighting in the developing world “I could do 95% of all my operations with your 6 W Solid State Lamp” – it replaced 700 W of incandescent Bagdogra, India July 2001

10 Pico Power Nepal: A Success Story Kathmandu July 2001 Tsunami ‘Refugee’ Village 3,000 SSL systems installed Vaddawan, Sri Lanka July 2005

11 Street Lighting in (Bhutanese) Refugee Camp Damak, Nepal Dec 2006 Two NGO’s Considering the use of LUTW’s SSL home & medical lighting Kandahar, Afghanistan 17 January 2006 “My women will think these LED lamps are a miracle!” Director of a Kandahar NGO January 2006

12 “The Magnificent Seven” A very successful Micro Credit project Tembisa (Shanty Town), South Africa 18Nov2005 Sir Richard Branson (“Brilliant”) & LUTW at BSOE There are 6 million un-electrified homes in South Africa! Johannesburg, South Africa 10Apr2007

13 Rio Tamaya - Improved land rights when permanent lighting introduced Amazon, Peru August 2006 Tibetan Orphanage – Canadian volunteers were terrific! Xining, China Oct 2008

14 LUTW 3WLED Torch Bulb Unbreakable & Extends Battery Life by 10 times Kathmandu, Nepal July 1999

15 “Light in a Box” (1 Watt WLEDs) 2005

16 LUTW’s Basic Home Lighting System 2009

17 Light in a Box Prototype with Cell Phone Charger South Africa Mar 2007

18 Cost Comparison: Fuel Based vs Solid State Lighting Range of annual family lighting costs for kerosene & candles world wide = US $20 to $240 per year Present (Average) Installed Cost of LUTW SSL System = US $170 WLED lamp - life expectancy > 15 years Solar panel life expectancy > 20 years Battery life expectancy > 4 years

19 Hernando de Soto (2000): (Author: The Mystery of Capital) “People must create their own wealth.” (LUTW’s fundamental goal)‏ Stuart Hart (2005): (Co-Author: “The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid “) “Capitalism should address the needs of the Base of the Pyramid, not just its elites, and the prime example of a win-win-win solution is the LUTW solar powered SSL system. This is a perfect example of leapfrogging to next- generation technology and these LEDs can indeed ease the four- way collision between Poverty, Population growth, Economic expansion and Environmental limits.” Manmohan Singh (2005): “India is subsidising kerosene for lighting at 51%” (LUTW meeting with the PM)‏

20 SSL vs Kerosene (lm-hr/$) 200:1 Ratio 83,333 lm-hr/$ (Going Up) 396.82 lm-hr/$ (Going Down)‏ $0.012 / klm-hr (Going Down) $ 2.52/klm-hr (Going Up) Annual Average Kerosene Lighting Expenditures (US $)‏ Afghanistan $240 Costa Rica $200 Ecuador $200 Ghana $120 Malawi $120 Nepal $70 Pakistan $140 South Africa $130 Tanzania $200 Repayment time for SSL in the DW is approximately ONE year!

21 Cumulative Savings re: SSL Replacing Fuel Based Lighting South African Shanty Town, Tembisa, Using Micro Credit Aug 2007 Families in SA could have around $1 Billion in increased disposable income per year, as there are 6 Million families not connected to the grid

22 Young Mum outside her Shack in Philippi (Shanty Town) Cape Town, South Africa July 2007

23 Very happy Young Mum outside her new Home in Philippi (Shanty Town), Cape Town, South Africa July 2007 New home cost = 3 or 4 years kerosene light payments

24 New home cost = 3 or 4 years kerosene light payments Philippi, Cape Town, South Africa July 2007

25 Bill Clinton (2006): “What if Rwanda could manufacture such lights locally? Why not electrify villages so children can study at night? It might be possible to get a factory here that would serve all of central Africa!” (LUTW has been doing this since 2000)‏ Bill Clinton (2008): "He (Dr. Rajendra Pachauri, the head of the U.N.'s climate science panel – which received the Nobel Prize in 2007) has a little idea (solar lantern) with massive potential implications," re: Pachauri's CGI commitment, "Lighting a Million Lives in India.“ (LUTW has been doing this since 2000)‏ President Obama [from Pres. Lincoln] (2009): “To do for the people what they need done for them, but cannot do for themselves.” “A fair chance in the race of life!” (LUTW’s fundamental goal)‏

26 Uri Village, Southern Annapurna Himalaya Nepal 16 April 2009

27 Uri Village Southern Annapurna Himalaya “They have given us eyes!” Nepal 16 April 2009

28 Uri Village Southern Annapurna Himalaya “A big Bindi or Tika thank you from Uri villagers” Nepal 16 April 2009

29 Papua New Guinea Project Update - As of August 31, 2009, 100 solar lighting systems have been installed in 82 rural aid posts and health centres in four provinces - 82 rural health facilities serve over 200,000 people - The capacity of the local partner organization to carry out solar installations has increased over the course of the project - Project continues to expand into new provinces

30 Nepal Project Update - Upcoming installation in October 2009 of 52 lighting systems in a rural community within the Ichok Village Development Committee (in the Helambu region) - The installation will directly benefit 210 people in the village itself

31 Costa Rica Project Update - As of August 31, 2009, 345 solar home lighting systems have been installed in rural communities in Southern Costa Rica - The installation are benefitting approximately 1,725 people - Plan for an additional 200 installations in the fall of 2009 - Impact assessments have shown that children can read for longer in evening, families have more time to spend together - Microfinance approach where families repay the subsidized cost of system in 2 years or less

32 Household Cost Savings in Costa Rica In this case the family would be able to pay off a 10 Watt solar system in 23 months. The estimated accumulated savings for the family are approximately $100 after three years and $350 CDN after five years. The estimates are based on the family paying annual maintenance costs and paying to replace equipment. Lighting consumption $ 10.29CDN per month Cost of energy for lighting per month 5,400Colones Year Spent on Existing Energy Source Spent on Solar System Accumulated Savings Accumulated Savings in CDNSavings % 1 67,167.53 64,800.00 2,367.53 $ 4.513.5% 2 139,765.55 133,018.02 6,747.53 $ 12.854.8% 3 218,233.11 166,379.36 51,853.74 $ 98.7723.8% 4 303,044.75 173,153.85 129,890.90 $ 247.4142.9% 5 394,713.39 210,813.25 183,900.14 $ 350.2946.6% 10 976,962.20 386,066.76 590,895.44 $ 1,125.5260.5% 15 1,835,847.89 658,761.88 1,177,086.02 $ 2,242.0764.1% 20 3,102,805.61 928,554.64 2,174,250.96 $ 4,141.4370.1%


34 LUTW Service Models Donor [100%] Subsidies Market including Microcredit LUTW Partners SKS Microfinance India Grameen Bank

35 UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)‏ By the year 2015, the United Nations Member states have pledged to: 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. 2. Achieve universal primary education. 3. Promote gender equality and empower women. 4. Reduce child mortality. 5. Improve maternal health. 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases. 7. Ensure environmental sustainability. 8. Develop a global partnership for development. LUTW’s Solid State Lighting applies to all 8 MDG’s!

36 Microcredit Summit Campaign At the first Microcredit Summit in 1997, there were 7.6 million microcredit clients Worldwide. By 2007 over 154 million of the world’s poorest people worldwide would be receiving microloans Phase II of the Microcredit Summit Campaign was launched in 2006, with two new global goals for the year 2015: 175 million of the world’s poorest families reached with microfinance 100 million of the world’s poorest families move from earning less than $1 a day to earning more than $1 a day. Microcredit will thus be a major contributor to the achievement of the first Millennium Development Goal, which is halving the proportion of People living on less than $1 a day by 2015. SSL should play a very significant role!

37 Fuel Based Lighting and Carbon Credits Global usage of kerosene for lighting = 100 B liters/year Resulting CO2 produced from kerosene = 250 M tonnes/year Potential Carbon Credits from Kerosene CO2 = $5 B/year (at $20/Tonne) Cost of SSL for 200 M homes = $20 B (One time) (at $100 per system) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) USA, predicts a carbon futures market by 2013 = $2 Trillion/year (From $60 B in 2008)

38 Summary of Proven Benefits of Solid State Lighting Education: Children and Adults can study in the evenings Poverty and lack of education go hand in hand Economic: It is Affordable – especially with access to Microcredit Increases disposable income almost immediately – from kerosene savings Allows for Micro Enterprise activities in the evenings Governments will save Billions in kerosene subsidies Climate Change Friendly reduces CO2; Income from Carbon Credits Improved sense of Well-being; Increased Productivity Significant decrease in financial losses due to fires and ill health Health and Safety: Lower birth Rate Better Health due to cleaner environment – live longer Safer environment due to dramatic decrease in house fires Older people less likely to fall and hurt themselves in the dark “Renewable Energy based Solid State Lighting is arguably one of the most important Agent of Change available to the Developing World in the past 100 years!” (LUTW 2008)‏

39 Next Chapter! “ Visionary Lighting & Energy India” (VLE) are designing, for large scale manufacture in India - a suit of aesthetically attractive, low cost, reliable SSL systems which will include cell phone charging, dimming etc., and which will be acceptable and appropriate for use throughout the economic pyramid.

40 Conclusions LUTW’s initiatives in 51 countries since 1999 have clearly demonstrated that the Developing World has welcomed SSL as an appropriate and important technology, and that they wish to purchase it! Over 25,000 homes lit! The Developing World SSL market is truly immense, and that is only for basic home lighting! e.g. Small roadside shopkeepers in Delhi spends US $ 4/week on kerosene. It is of fundamental importance for both the overdeveloped and the developing world that we “flatten the pyramid” - asap! Namaste

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