2The Rose that Grew From Concrete By … Did you hear about the rose that grew from a crack in the concrete? Proving nature's law is wrong it learned to walk with out having feet. Funny it seems, but by keeping it's dreams, it learned to breathe fresh air. Long live the rose that grew from concrete when no one else ever cared.
7You guessed it… TUPAC SHAKUR It has sold 262,672 copies in the United States as of 201125 songs/poems on this albumReleased in the USA and reached 28th on the Billboard ChartsThe violence, trauma and experience one man felt is told through words…actually not just words, but poetry!
9Poetry is the most misunderstood form of writing Poetry is the most misunderstood form of writing. It is also arguably the purest form of writing. It is art. Like art it is very difficult to define because it is an expression of what the poet thinks and feels and may take any form the poet chooses for this expression.Poetry is not easily defined. Often it takes the form of verse, but not all poetry has this structure. Poetry is a creative use of words which, like all art, is intended to stir an emotion in the audience. Poetry generally has some structure that separates it from prose.
10The basic unit of poetry is the line The basic unit of poetry is the line. It serves the same function as the sentence in prose, although most poetry maintains the use of grammar within the structure of the poem. Most poems have a structure in which each line contains a set amount of syllables; this is called meter. Lines are also often grouped into stanzas.The stanza in poetry is equivalent or equal to the paragraph in prose. Often the lines in a stanza will have a specific rhyme scheme. Some of the more common stanzas are:Couplet: a two line stanzaTriplet: a three line stanzaQuatrain: a four line stanzaCinquain: a five line stanza
12Meter is the measured arrangement of words in poetry, the rhythmic pattern of a stanza, determined by the kind and number of lines. Meter is an organized way to arrange stressed/accented syllables and unstressed/unaccented syllables.Whose woods / these are / I think /I know
13Rhyme is when the endings of the words sound the same Rhyme is when the endings of the words sound the same. Read the poem with me out loud.Dust of Snowby Robert FrostThe way a crowShook down on meThe dust of snowFrom a hemlock treeHas given my heartA change of moodAnd save some partOf a day I had rued.
14Rhyme scheme is the pattern of rhyming words at the end of each line Rhyme scheme is the pattern of rhyming words at the end of each line. Not all poetry has a rhyme scheme. They are not hard to identify, but you must look carefully at which words rhyme and which do not.Dust of Snowby Robert FrostThe way a crowShook down on meThe dust of snowFrom a hemlock treeHas given my heartA change of moodAnd save some partOf a day I had rued.Poems of more than one stanza often repeat the same rhyme scheme in each stanza.ABCD
15Repetition is the repeating of a sound, word, or phrase for emphasis. InsideInside the house (I get ready) Inside the car (I go to school) Inside the school (I wait for the bell to ring)
16Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language. Figurative language is any language that goes beyond the literal (denotative) meaning of words in order to furnish new effects or fresh insights into an idea or a subject. These secondary meanings can be referred to as connotative meanings. The most common figures of speech are simile, metaphor, and alliteration. Figurative language is used in poetry to compare two things that are usually not thought of as being alike.
17A simile is a figure of speech in which two essentially unlike things are compared, often in a phrase introduced by like or as.The clouds looked like cotton candy.Grandpa was as stubborn as a muleTom's head is as hard as a rock.
18A metaphor is a figure of speech in which an implied comparison is made between two unlike things that actually have something important in common.Clouds are cotton candy.Grandpa was a mule.Tom is a rock.They are fluffy.They are stubborn.They are hard.
19Alliteration is the repetition of the same sounds or of the same kinds of sounds at the beginning of words or in stressed syllables, as in "on scrolls of silver snowy sentences.”To find an alliteration, you must look at the repetitions of the same consonant sound throughout a line._Silvery snowflakes fall silentlySoftly sheathing all with moonlightUntil sunrise slowly showsSnow softening swiftly.__________
20Imagery is an appeal to the senses Imagery is an appeal to the senses. The poet describes something to help you to see, hear, touch, taste, or smell the topic of the poem.FogThe fog comes on little cat feet.It sits looking over harbor and cityon silent haunches and then moves on.Carl SandburgSEE, HEARSEEHEAR, SEE, FEEL
21The exaggeration in the number of times. An exaggerated statement used to heighten effect is a hyperbole. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point.I’ve told you a million times not to leave the dirty glass on the table.The exaggeration in the number of times.On a sheet of paper, write two more hyperbole. Have your partner check them.
22A Chip On Your Shoulder: An idiom is a phrase where the words together have a meaning that is different from the dictionary definitions of the individual words. This can make idioms hard for students to understand.A Chip On Your Shoulder:Being upset for something that happened in the past.Write two more examples of idioms to share with the class.
23The formation or use of words such as buzz or murmur that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to is called an onomatopoeia. It is a word or a grouping of words that imitates the sound it is describing, such as animal noises like "oink" or "meow", or suggesting its source object (these are the more important ones), such as "boom", "click", "bunk", "clang", "buzz", or "bang".
24SOUND OF NATUREby Marie Josephine SmithTicking, tocking. Head is rocking. Tippy toeing Quietly. Snap, crack. Crushing branch. Helter, skelter. Run for shelter. Pitter, patter. Rain starts to fall. Gathering momentum. Becomes a roar. Thunder booms.
25SOUND OF NATUREby Marie Josephine SmithTicking, tocking. Head is rocking. Tippy toeing Quietly. Snap, crack. Crushing branch. Helter, skelter. Run for shelter. Pitter, patter. Rain starts to fall. Gathering momentum. Becomes a roar. Thunder booms.
26A figure of speech, which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea is called personification. It is a comparison, which the author uses to show something in an entirely new light, to communicate a certain feeling or attitude towards it and to control the way a reader perceives it.A brave handsome tree fell with a creaking rending cry.The author is giving a tree the human quality of bravery and the ability to cry.
27Free verse is just what it says it is - poetry that is written without proper rules about form, rhyme, rhythm, and meter. In free verse the writer makes his/her own rules. The writer decides how the poem should look, feel, and sound.
28Winter PoemBy Nikki Giovannionce a snowflake fellon my brow and i lovedit so much and i kissedit and it was happy and called its cousinsand brothers and a webof snow engulfed me theni reached to love them alland i squeezed them and they becamea spring rain and i stood perfectlystill and was a flower
29Haiku is one of the most important forms of traditional Japanese poetry. Haiku is, today, a 17-syllable verse form consisting of three metered lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables. Each Haiku must contain a kigo, a season word, which indicate in which season the Haiku is set. For example, cherry blossoms indicate spring, snow indicate winter, and mosquitoes indicate summer, but the season word isn't always that obvious. Tanka is similar butIn the next three haikus, try to guess the theme.
30Haikus By Paul McCann Fog On the mountain top The fog fell down thick and fast It was like pea soup.Rain Tip-tap goes the rain. As it hits the window pane I can hear the rain.Hail They fell in showers. Like diamonds upon the ground Big hailstones were found.The theme of these three poems is weather in late autumn or early winter.
31The simplicity of the limerick quite possibly accounts for its extreme longevity. It consists of five lines with the rhyme scheme a a b b a. The first, second, and fifth lines are trimeter, a verse with three measures, while the third and fourth lines are dimeter, a verse with two measures. Often the third and fourth lines are printed as a single line with internal rhyme.Old Man with a BeardEdward LearThere was an Old Man with a beard,Who said, 'It is just as I feared!Two Owls and a Hen,Four Larks and a Wren,Have all built their nests in my beard!'AABBA
32A narrative poem, often of folk origin and intended to be sung, consisting of simple stanzas and usually having a refrain. Ballads, usually meant to be sung, are narrative poems.The Ballade Of The Mistletoe Bough by Ellis Parker ButlerI am standing under the mistletoe, And I smile, but no answering smile replies For her haughty glance bids me plainly know That not for me is the thing I prize; Instead, from her coldly scornful eyes, Indifference looks on my barefaced guile; She knows, of course, what my act implies— But look at those lips! Do they hint a smile?
33I stand here, eager, and beam and glow, And she only looks a refined surprise As clear and crisp and as cold as snow, And as—Stop! I will never criticize! I know what her cold glance signifies; But I’ll stand just here as I am awhile Till a smile to my pleading look replies— But look at those lips! Do they hint a smile?Just look at those lips, now! I claim they show A spirit unmeet under Christmas skies; I claim that such lips on such maidens owe A—something—the custom justifies; I claim that the mistletoe rule applies To her as well as the rank and file; We should meet these things in a cheerful guise— But look at those lips! Do they hint a smile?
34Some might consider the study of poetry old fashioned, yet even in our hurried lives we are surrounded by it: children's rhymes, verses from songs, trite commercial jingles, well written texts. Any time we recognize words as interesting for sound, meaning or construct, we note poetics.