Presentation on theme: "UYSA Small Sided Games “How Will It Impact Your Program?”"— Presentation transcript:
1UYSA Small Sided Games “How Will It Impact Your Program?” Greg MaasState Technical Director, Utah Youth Soccer AssociationUSSF A License, NSCAA International Premier Diploma, USSF National Youth License; US Soccer, NSCAA and US Youth Soccer National Staff Coach and Instructor; and Region IV Boys ODP Region Staff Coach
3BackgroundIn August 2002, US Youth Soccer and our 55 State Associations unanimously approved changes to the Policy on Players and Playing Rules for those under the age of twelve.Effective September 1, 2003 these new rules for Small Sided Games will be implemented nationwide.
4Rationale More touches on the ball. Greater exposure to technical and tactical situations.Intuitive development - transition becomes automatic.Goal scoring opportunities is increased.Greater involvement and motivation.More FUN!
5ConsiderationsLarger numbers on the field (i.e., 11 v 11) create more concern about positions and systems, versus the general development of the individual player and their understanding of the concepts of the game.At the younger ages, spatial awareness and the lack of technical and tactical range often sets the players up for failure.Most coaches are parent coach volunteers with limited soccer background, yet are faced with arguably the most critical period of player development in soccer.Coaching games with larger numbers than 6 v 6 are often too complicated, so coaches often focus on structural issues (i.e., formation and positions) rather than individual technique and small group tactics.
7UYSA Soccer Mandates Effective 2008-09 Season U6/7 No more than 4 v 4 No GoalkeepersU8/9 No more than 6 v 6 GoalkeepersU10/11 No more than 8 v 8 GoalkeepersU v Goalkeepers
8The International Game Small Sided Games – National Associations Belgium: U6-8 5 v 5; U v 8Canada:U6 3 v 3; U8 4 v 4; U10 7 v 7 U12 8 v 8England:U8 5 v 5; U10 7 v 7 to 8 v 8Germany:U6 4 v 4; U v 6 to 8 v 8Ireland:U8 5 v 5; U10 7 v 7; U12 9 v 9Netherlands:U7 4 v 4; U v 7Norway:U v 5; U v 7Romania:U v 5 to 8 v 8Scotland:U8 4 v 4; U v 6 to 8 v 8Spain:U v 5; U v 7
10Recommended Guidelines U6/7 4 v 4Field: x 30-40Goals: 5 x 10, Pop-Ups, Corner Flags, or ConesRoster: Single Field 6-8/Duel Field 12-14U8/9 6 v 6Field: x 50-60Goals: 6 x 18Roster: Single Field 8-10/Duel Field 16-18U10/11 8 v 8Field: x 70-80Goals: 7 x 21Roster: 10-14U v 11Field: 110 x 70Goals: RegulationRoster: Maximum 18
11Logistical Challenges Field AvailabilityMarking and SizeRefereesNo Need At U6/7CoachesField Coordinators and FacilitatorsRoster SizeSingle vs. Duel FieldGoalsCones, Corner Flags Are InexpensivePlaying RulesReadily Available
12Are We Too Organized? Coaches feel more pressure to win. Team play is priority versus player development.Instructions offered to players are driven by pressure to win or achieve certain goals.Players are discouraged to dribble in favor of passing or “kicking.”Direct play is safer method and preferred.Mistakes are often frowned upon.Youth play resembles adult sport.Positional organization is more important than free play or the freedom of expression.Kids have forgotten how to “play.”
13Teaching The Game 3 Principles of Soccer: Attacking, Defending, and Transition Attacking Principles:Make the field as large as possible. Get wide and Deep.Pass the ball deep (forward) when possible.Keep possession.Create chances to score as often as possible.Defending Principles:Make the field as small as possible.Press the ball (go to it).Delay the ball (go back toward own goal).Squeeze the field (move toward the flanks).Pressure the ball and keep good depth and balance.
14Teaching The Game 3 Principles of Soccer: Attacking, Defending, and Transition Transition Principles:When losing possession:Nearest player provides immediate pressure to ball.Remaining players recover behind the ball.When regaining possession:Player in possession attempts to move the ball forward.Players close to the ball offer good support.Players away from the ball make the field as large as possible.
15Frequently Asked Questions Whose Idea Was This?US Youth Soccer has been a proponent of Small Sided Games sincethe 1980’s. Small Sided Games are endorsed by our US NationalStaff Coaches, US National Staff Instructors, State Directors ofCoaching (Technical Directors), US National Team Coaches, StateAssociation and Region Presidents; including, many foreign soccerOrganizations, such as: England, Ireland, Scotland, Germany,France, Brazil and Korea to name a few.Will I Need More Coaches?No, if you currently play 8 v 8 for U8’s, you probably have twelve playersrostered per team. To Play 6 v 6 without changing your roster simply usethe “Duel-Field” method and roster size can actually be increased to 16.
16F.A.Q. Continued Will I Need More Fields? Rather than build new fields, “convert” your existing ones. ForU11 8 v 8, they can play the width of an existing full sized field and 4 v 4 fieldscan be laid out in grassy spaces for play.Will I Need More Referees?Small Sided Games rarely need more than one referee to cover theField. U6-8 do not need referees, only field supervisors ormonitors. Parents or acting coaches can also referee the game.Will I Need More Goals?Yes, but they should not be permanent or expensive. A number ofManufacturers produce lightweight portable goals or you can simply use trafficCones or corner flags. Remember – don’t let children play on the goals.
17F.A.Q. Continued We’ll Have To Break Up Our Current Roster! No, simply adopt the “Duel-Field” method, which will actuallyallow for increased roster size.How Many Players On A Roster?If playing 4 v 4 no more than eight, 6 v 6 no more than 10. Sinceparticipation is a priority, every player should play 50% of the game.If playing a “Duel-Field” method, you could have as many as 14 on a 4 v 4Team or 18 on a 6 v 6 team.What Is The “Duel-Field” Method?Recommended for 4 v 4 and 6 v 6. Two fields side by side with substitutes andcoaches between. Players rotate from field “A” to field “B” to substitute. Thismaximizes player participation. Each teams coach monitors one of the fields.
18Duel-Field System Example: 3 v 3 (up to 12 per team) Field “A”One coach or field monitor manages both teams in a 3 v 3 game and up to three substitutes.Coaches and SubstitutesAn assistant coach or team parent manages the substitutes in between both fields.At halftime, one team rotates from field “A” to field “B” creating a new opponent.Spectators cheer from the outside, but not from behind the goals.Field “B”One coach or field monitor manages both teams in a 3 v 3 game and up to three substitutes.
19Available Resources (Guidelines of Play, Player & Coaching Development, and More) Utah Youth Soccer AssociationUnited States Youth Soccer AssociationUnited States Soccer FederationNational Soccer Coaches Association of America
20UYSA Small Sided Games “You Can Make The Difference!” Greg MaasState Technical Director, Utah Youth Soccer AssociationUSSF A License, NSCAA International Premier Diploma, USSF National Youth License; US Soccer, NSCAA and US Youth Soccer National Staff Coach and Instructor; and Region IV Boys ODP Region Staff Coach