2 Today’s Class WAC 296-305-07001 thru 07019 VRFA MOO 5521 Wildland Firefighting Safety, Tactics and AccountabilityThe BasicsLocal Resources
3 WAC 296-305-07001/19 Defines “Wildland Fire” as: A fire burning in natural vegetation that requires an individual or crew(s) to expend more than one hour of labor to confine, control and extinguish. Agencies may substitute crews to avoid the one hour bench mark or increase crew size to complete the job in less than one hour. One hour was chosen as the maximum time that individuals should work in high temperatures in structural protective clothing.
4 MOO 5521 Defines “Brush Fire” as: A fire burning in natural vegetation that requires less than one hour of labor confine, control and extinguish.
5 WAC /19States Wildland gear will be provided by EmployerDefines type and uses of gearDefines respiratory protection (currently there is no definition)Accountability (ICS)Wildland ApparatusRestraints and Enclosures for apparatusEquipment (hand tools)AircraftFirst AidTraining
6 Types of gear Structural Gear 1 hour work time Wildland Gear Stored at 33Not for Structural FF
7 Respiratory IssuesWildland does not define level of respiratory protectionCommon sense should prevailHazardous environment = SCBA
8 VRFA Apparatus Type 1 apparatus Type 2 apparatus 1000 GPM Pump 400 Gallon TankType 2 apparatus500 GPM Pump
10 MOO 5521 Wildland Interface & MOO 3606 PPE for Wildland We are not going to review hereFire ordersWatchoutsFirst AidRefers to all WACsAppropriate Gear
11 Structural Triage and Protection The process of triaging and decision to protect structures threatened by a Wildland / Urban interface incident will rest with the I.C. There are several reasons weighed in this decision.
12 Structural Triage and Protection Size of the fire.Inadequate resources.Non-existent defensible spaces.Absence of boxed in eaves.Large unprotected decks.Significant amounts of combustible storage.
13 Structure Assessment Checklist Address/Property NameNumerical Street AddressNumber of ResidentsRoad AccessRoad SurfaceAdequate WidthTurnouts, TurnaroundsBridgesStream CrossingsGrade
15 Structural Protection Safety Be aware of toxic smokeFull PPEConserve waterKeep a reserve in your water tankKeep protection lines between crew and engineBack your engine into positionUse 11/2 lines when possibleDo not use long hose laysUse class A foam if availableDo not park under power lines, next to propane tanks, or in chimneys or saddles
16 Structural “Watchouts” Poor Access and narrow one-way RoadsBridge Load LimitsWooden Construction (Roofs, Decks, Eaves, Large Windows)Power lines, Propane Tanks, HazMat ThreatsInadequate water supplyNatural fuels 30’ or closer to structureStructures in Chimneys, Box Canyons, Narrow canyons or on steep slopesExtreme fire behaviorStrong WindsEvacuation of PublicPower lines
17 Safety ZonesAlways look for safety zones and escape routes when positioning apparatus and crew. Here are a few manmade or natural barriers to consider.
19 Apparatus Positioning When positioning apparatus here are some considerations.Note landmarks and hazards as you approach scene.Always back your engine in for rapid egress. There is no exception to this rule.Park engine so it does not block traffic.
20 Apparatus Positioning Avoid parking next to flammable vegetation, under power lines, near LPG tanks, or other potential sources of heat.Park engine to facilitate structural protection within reach of hose lines.Survey area for hazards i.e. septic tanks.Review maps and survey area.
21 Apparatus Positioning Identify and communicate escape routes and safety zones.Monitor fire behavior.Make sure apparatus windows are rolled up and doors are closed.Leave apparatus running.
22 Rules for Hose Deployment Limit hose to 200’.Take hose from same side of apparatus.Do not block egress of operating fire suppression personnel.Hose lines should not block the street or cross front of apparatus.
23 Rules for Hose Deployment Do not hesitate to leave lines in place if position is threatened.Always have hose line in place to protect apparatus.
24 MobilityWhen moving from location to location do not take the time to reload or to roll hose. Place hose on top of apparatus or over pump panel for easy deployment.
25 Structure Protection“Partial Containment”- is a method used to modify or diminish fire as it approaches your assigned area.To use this method, rear hose lines attack and split the fire from the fire side of the structure. These lines are then moved toward the front of the structure controlling and directing fire at sides of building and to the front.
26 Structure Protection“No Containment”- is when fire is permitted to pass by the structure without being challenged.The objective in this mode is to cool the structure to withstand the heat of the fire as it passes.This method is extremely dangerous.
27 Structure Protection“Full Containment”- is accomplished with use of water and/or hand tools. Typically is due to a lack of fuel.
28 RetreatingRetreating may become necessary due to fire intensity or equipment/apparatus failure.In these instances be aware of:Other companies retreating in low visability environment.Potential for accidents is high.Be cautious of hazards created by fire.
29 Local Resources Puget Sound Regional Hand Crew District 10 wildland crewDNR Fuel moisture contentStrike Teams