Presentation on theme: "Cavitation Demystified. Phase Diagram of Water STP (Standard temperature and pressure)"— Presentation transcript:
Phase Diagram of Water STP (Standard temperature and pressure)
Cavitation – A Simple Process Cavitation is the formation and subsequent implosion of vapor bubbles in a fluid Caused by significant pressure gradients within process equipment Pressure gradients typically generated by high velocity flow around Valves – throttling (partially closed valves) Vanes – moving portions of pump impellers Protrusions – pitot tubes, vortex shedders, etc.
Pressure Gradient Formation Arrows indicate flow direction Fluid is compressed above vane creating a high pressure region Fluid is rarified below vane creating a low pressure region Behind this low pressure region is another high pressure region
Impeller Cavitation Regions
Typical Impeller Cavitation Pattern
Microjetting Vapor bubbles do not implode symmetrically Because of pressure gradients, they tend to implode towards hard objects
Microjetting – High Speed Photograph Microjet has formed Vapor bubble is in the process of imploding towards the nearby hard surface Shockwaves generated by microjetting can be up to 145,000,000 psi This pressure vastly exceeds the compressive strength of any metal alloy
The Alternative to Rigid - Elastic Cavitation energy can be dissipated two ways Into a rigid metallic substrate Plastic deformation Ultimate compressive failure Into an elastic substrate Hook’s Law We modified our Durable & Abrasion Resistant Elastomer to better withstand cavitation
Belzona 2141 (ACR-Fluid) Project sprung from a US Coast Guard request Products had to survive 16+ hours in a high speed test At the time, the best product lasted 12 hours Second formulation Belzona submitted lasted 20 hours Coast Guard currently in the process of coating all rudders with Belzona 2141 (ACR-Fluid) to resist the severe cavitation of their service
Equipment Problem Solution Hydro Runner at a small Canadian Power Plant Mild cavitation was decreasing generating efficiency Runner was coated with Belzona 2141 (ACR-Fluid Elastomer) to restore and maintain efficiency. After 2 years it is still in perfect condition.
Equipment Problem Solution ITT 3480 Impeller Severe cavitation was necessitating a full rebuild every 3 months Impeller received two coats of Belzona 1321 (Ceramic S-Metal) and a final coat of Belzona 2141 (ACR-Fluid Elastomer). Impeller now lasts 28 months between rebuilds!