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Unit 65 lighting.

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1 Unit 65 lighting

2 Indigo 6500 LED moving head The light I am going to use is the Indigo 6500 LED Moving head 180w LED output gobos and prism. The Indigo 6500 is on the market to replace the MSR575 and HMI575 discharge spot fixtures. Combining multiple LED sources and unique optics, the Indigo 6500 is an economic and compact solution for small to medium productions or installations. The Indigo 6500 is another leap forward for LED in its occupation at the entertainment lighting market. this can be operated by Sunlite software which means you can pre-program before a show which is very useful. it can rotate 360 degrees it can tilt, pan and is very versatile in its movement. it has interchangeable gobos and many colour + white. Price: £1,170.00 Brand: showtec

3 Features of a Moving head
They work moving the entire body, they could be “spot” fixtures or wash fixtures which are designed for a wider area. Moving mirror (scanners) They are stationary and a mirror, this redirects the light by tilting, panning and reflecting the light. The most common features of these automated lights are: Pan: moving from side to side, most have to pan settings, one is fast and one is slower and more precise. Tilt: moving up and down, again most have to, “coarse” and “fine”. Colour: there are two ways these lights can change: Dichroic filters in a colour wheel, only one colour can be chosen at a time and May or may not be replaced. Again dichroic filters, with the secondary colours, these can be mixed to create any colour. Zoom/Iris: used to zoom in and out. Gobo: they have a gobo wheel, some have two allowing you to mix gobos. Intensity: the brightness of the light, this can be controlled electronically. Shutter These are used to strobe the light. Other features which are moving lights, prisms, distorted glass and motor speeds. Many companies make accessories which are used to add moving functions to conventional, static and fixtures.

4 Scenario: Comparison: This light in comparison to an LEDJ Stratos wash is far superior when compared to the amount of scenarios it can be used. The stratos wash is a simple LED Wash light and used to usually light a window or wall and create a wash. The Indigo 6500 led moving head could be used for this reason and many others it can used to project gobos, create a lighting path and has a much stronger beam of light compared to the startos wash Advantages and disadvantages -Gobos -Many different light colours -Can be operated from Sunlite - It can be preprograme -Multiple parts could go wrong. -All digital (relying on electronics) In a theatre play If a Light was needed to project an image and follow a complicated lighting path. I would use this light to complete this specification due to the features it includes, the main reason being the Interchangeable gobos it has but also the fact it can pre programmed before the show and it can be saved as a pre-set. - Its very versatile in its movement

5 LEDJ Stratos wash I have chose the LEDJ Stratos Wash. The Stratos Wash and Stratos Spot feature an infinite colour pallette allowing the user to create thousands of washes of constantly changing colour effects. 336 Ultra Bright 10mm LEDs ensure that light coverage is both even and powerful. it has sound control via a internal microphone, 336 LEDs with RGB colour mixing and individual control of each colours. Brand: LEDJ                                                                                               Price: £129.00 I will use this to light up the stain glass windows in the church. This is different to the moving head as it is a fixed wash and is used to light up a wide area.

6 Scenario: Comparison: Advantages and disadvantages In an Art exhibition If a light was needed to light up a window. I would use this light to complete this specification due to the type of light it is as it is a wash light I creates a perfect wash of light and because it is an LED light it can change colour and preprogramed to do so. This light in comparison to a Flood light is equally as useful but both for different uses. This light would be more approatily used when lighting up a small area of a stage or room to create a wash and is perfect for this purpose, A flood light is a lot less versatile only offering the one light source/colour ( a yellow tungsten colour), meaning that if a show required multiple colours then a flood light would not be best suited an Led wash light would be because you can create any colour from LED. - An advantage of it being an Led wash light is it has no heat output , Multiple colours are available and a low power consumption. - Not versatile in its movement and anyting other than creating a wash. - It could have an electronic malfunction.

7 Set up of Lights  On Saturday the 7th December we met up at Street at 1, we then proceeded to go to the church. after unloading moving heads, cables and stratus wash's we each chose a light and then set it up in the main room, we had to make sure that no cables were running along the floor and to make it look neat! I set up a stratus wash LED light up near a pillar so it lit it up, we did not DMX it, I plugged it straight to the mains with the use of an extension cable then inky used 3 channels and put it on a colour run through. I then helped others out with their lights. we ran out of time and as a result not everyone could have a go using sunlight with the moving heads so we will do this soon. The pictures below are of me setting up some Stratos wash lights

8 Different types of Equinox lights
The Equinox Nimbus laser creates a really impressive new style effect from it’s extremely small and compact housing. Multiple dazzling effects are created which have to be seen to be believed. Using wide angle projection, it displays hundreds of beams, filling your venue or dance floor with a mesmerizing light show. The Blaze from Equinox offers a stunning, rich multi-coloured display similar to a traditional moonflower. With sound activation it projects pin sharp beams which stands shoulder to shoulder with any other moonflower around. Virtually no heat is produced and with no lamp to replace it will prove to be a first class light effect for thousands of hours without consuming a single lamp.

9 Types of Lights Today I started of revising what I already knew about lighting, then moved on to Fresnel, Profile, PC (Pebble Convex), Flood and Parcan. Fresnel: this light uses a circular reflector, it’s not very precise but gives a soft edged beam and also spreads a great deal of light. The light can be focused but cannot project a gobo image. It’s not very efficient but works well on states, especially when close. Profile: this light is very efficient and uses one or more lenses, and an ellipse ideal reflector to focus the light, they usually have a longer body than the Fresnel, and has little spill. The can use gobos and shutters, most have a fixed beam angle. They are good for projections and mid/long range. PC (Pebble Convex): its a cross between the Fresnel and the Profile, the beam is similar to an out of focus Profile, but is more efficient than the Fresnel and produces less spill. Flood: it’s an uncontrolled light and produces a wide illumination, it has no lens and relies on a large reflector to direct the light out, this produces enormous amounts of spill. Flood lights are usually used to produce colour washes. Parcan:  it’s a sealed lamp, consisting of a lens, filament and reflector. It’s got an extremely robust bulb able to operate at high temperatures and short flashes. It’s has a metal tube round the front of the bulb. It weighs light but produces a very bright, white light. It cannot be focused and is a soft ellipse wi little definition. It’s suited to a wide range of duties, mostly band lighting.

10 A recap of setting up lights
Today we recapped DMX chains, we used 4 LED washes and 2 moving heads, we set them up in a chain, and worked out which channel they would use.

11 Lighting desk The RGBW4C by ADJ is a 32-channel RGB, RGBW or RGBA LED controller. It was designed to control any standard 3 or 4 channel group of LED fixtures where channel 1 is Red, channel 2 is Green, channel 3 is Blue and channel 4 is White or Amber. Up to 8 LED fixtures or fixture groups can independently be controlled via four fixture buttons. All LED fixtures or fixture groups must be set to run in DMX mode and be addressed four channels apart for independent control. The units control panel includes 9 direct access Static Colour/Chase buttons, which contain pre-programmed colour presets and chase programs, 3 user programmable colour preset buttons, 4 multi function faders that control RGBW intensities on the fly, as well as chase program Speed, chase program Fade Time and Master Dimmer. There is also an array of 8 buttons used to select the operation mode, including RGB Fade, Auto Run, Colour Macro, Chase, Sound Active, Strobe, Manual RGBW and Blackout modes. The RGBW4C is one of the simplest and most versatile LED controllers available today. Its ideal for D.J.s, nightclubs, lounges, bars and anyone that wants easy control of LED Pars, Bars, Floods or Panels.

12 Scenario: Comparison: Advantages and disadvantages A theatre play needs lights to be controlled whilst the show I being preformed. I would use this piece of equipment because it is a 32 channel lighting desk and could easily be used to control the fixtures. This Desk in comparison to a Zero 88 ORB console is not as efficient and not as versatile. The reason being this is that the ORB is a digital desk the main reason this is important is that pre-set paths and controls can be preprogramed.  it includes an onscreen colour picker, gobo image display and a clear user interface. The RGBWC4 is a manual desk this means that you cannot preprogramme any pre-sets. And there is no display. -It has 32 channels so can control many lights. - It includes 9 direct access Static Colour/Chase buttons, which contain pre-programmed colour presets. - It can easily control LED Pars, Bars, Floods or Panels. Its not digital so you cannot preprograme paths for moving heads etc. This means it also does have a display screen

13 Equipment I have looked at
we have looked at laser’s for example, cam laser scan D, this made 3d shapes using lasers. lasers work best when used with a smoke machine and when it is dark. you would find them at most disco/club environments. we have also looked at LED’s for example an LED wash, this spreads over a wide area creating a glow effect. these also work better in the dark. they are found also in a disco/club environment but also at corporate events and almost any where which is being lit up. we have has also looked at Gobo projectors these project a Gobo/ Logo onto a surface. again these work better in the dark. these are largely used at corporate events as their logo can be projected around the room/event. we have also looked at computer controlled lighting for example the Intimidator LED 350 this is controlled by the software Sun Lite, it use’s LED and also Gobo’s it can be controlled by the computer and presets can be made. again it works best in a dark environment. it is used a large gig’s, disco/club’s and corporate event.

14 Unit 65 Sound

15 Sound Equipment Serato scratch live (rane)
Description: Scratch Live is vinyl emulation software that operates exclusively with Rane hardware. You can Mix and scratch digital music on your computer with Serato Control Vinyl or Control CDs. Scratch Live allows manipulation and playback of digital audio files (mp3, wav, aiff, ogg and non-DRM aac) using traditional vinyl turntables or CD players via special time code vinyl records or CDs. It is used within the music scene, it is used instead of carrying round vinyl, you can import them into mp3 so you can travel with just the box. It also has a time code (a long beep), the changing time of the mp3 is pretty much the exact time as a vinyl would take. Shure ulxp4/shure sm86 (wireless micro phone) Description: The SM86 microphone is a rugged cardioid condenser microphone with an extended high frequency response. It has been constructed to withstand the rigors of touring, while delivering smooth reproduction of lead vocals. The SM86 is available in various analogue or digital wireless systems. It is used for touring, and is wireless so your movement is not restricted.

16 Setting up a mixing desk
Today we went next door and set up 3 sm58s for vocals and one AKG microphone for an acoustic guitar, to the Yamaha LS9 desk. We learnt how to use the hi pass filter and what that means/does. It’s used to take low end out do noises (breathing) are taken out of the mix, we learnt about the EQ set up and how to operate it. We then played around turn mic’s up and down as well as adding some effects so we understand the desk for April 4th this shot shows the channels we had used and what we might use. this shot shows the back of the LS9 and where the XLR’s are plugged in as well as other leads. This shot shows the end channels and the master channel (the red fader)  The screen on the LS9, this is like a computer screen and is a visual aid to guide you round the desk. This is also how you save and select presets and effects.

17 The set up for the 24th open evening
Today we gathered the equipment we need for the 24th, the equipment is as follows: QSC K12 tops and subs, 4 sm58, 3 sm57, ls9 mixing desk, 8 mic stands, 6 DI box’s, multicore 8channel, 3 extension cables, spare 9v battery’s, XLR cables etc. we checked these items off the list and had to make some changes to the equipment we are using (as you will see if you look at the equipment list which is an older post). This will be set up on the 23rd in preparation for the gig. After sourcing the equipment we sent into the training rooms and set the task of blogging the day.

18 Assessment of microphones
Shute SM58- vocals because of its cardioid pattern. SM57- it’s patterns are different, mainly used for instruments because of its SPL levels (sound pressure level). AKG se300b- it’s a condenser, a lot more sensitive, requires 48 volts. DI box, direct injection, allows you to pad signals (take 20db out) and TSS takes an unbalanced signal and turns it into. Balanced signal. Desks ZED-436 analog, cannot preset any channels, all manual, no effects, gates or     compressors. LS9 digital, can preset channels, motorised faders, gates and compressors as well as effects.

19 Set up of Sound I was in the sound team, I wrote the kit (what we needed) I helped gather it and how many stands, mic’s etc. We started off making at kit list which is below, then gathered the equipment. next we got a lift to studio school. when we arrived we unloaded the equipment into the lobby and took it up to the upper concourse with use of the lift. we then set up the stage, and transported more from the school over to the college. We decided where the speakers and sound desk would go. We put the sound desk near the door to music but not I front over or behind so the door would not be blocked by the desk or a cable running along the floor. We (me and Sam) then set up the active speakers and tidied the cables up using gaffer tape (black), then set up microphones and tested the mixing desk using Ethan’s phone for the source of music. Then tidied up the cases and remaining spear cables etc. what could have been done better ? If we had permission clips could have been used to hang the cable so the sound desk could be put in a better place and better rigging could have been used.

20 POL set up It was held in the Daylo at rye studio school, we started unpacking at 3pm and started at 4:30pm.we each in groups presented what we have learnt in production arts. This was part of our BTec module where we could operate a sound desk, lighting and presentations, it was also put in so other people could understand what we learn in production arts and how it has helped us in the long and short term. When unpacking my role was setting up the QSC K12,s and Ksubs. i had to run an extension from the power source to reach the set of QSCs on the stage left, but the K12 subs on top of the Ksubs, i ran and XLR from the top to the sub then behind the curtain at the back through to the mixer, i ran it behind the curtain so it look neat. My role in the POL was to operate the sound desk for Monica’s group which meant turning the microphones to the right levels, the most difficult part was getting Monica’s lapel mic to the right level as at the start she was standing near the monitors which created feedback, the lapel the mic had to be turned slightly down compared to the SM58s so it wasn’t creating feedback.

21 Shure SM58 SM58 It is tuned to accentuate the warmth and clarity of lead and backing vocals. the SM58 is made to target the main sound source while minimizing background noise Durable construction, a proven shock-mount system, and a steel mesh grille ensure that even with rough handling, the SM58 will perform consistently, outdoors or indoors. SM58SE (with switch)   RRP £ SM58-LCE   (without)   RRP £126.79

22 Scenario: Comparison: Advantages and disadvantages A live music show needs a microphone for a vocalist. This microphone perfectly fits the criteria for this spec as it has a cardaroid pattern specifically designed for this use. . This microphone compared to a Shure Sm57 is much better suited to vocals. It has a warm tone and great for clear vocals this is because it is tailored to target the main sound source while minimizing background noise. The Shure Sm57 is great for micing up guitars, bass and many other instruments, this is again because of its cadariod pattern. The contoured frequency response with its presence rise, helps the instrument cut better through the main mix. It targets the main source of sound and minimizes the background noise, this makes the vocal very clear and It also gives a warm tone. It isn't best suited for use with instruments and cannot capture and large area, only a direct source of sound. Its been a industry leading microphone for many years used worldwide.

23 Shure Beta 87A The Shure Beta 87A is a premium quality super cardioid hand-held condenser vocal microphone with great smooth frequency response and high sound pressure level capability. It is ideal for a lead or backing vocalist either on stage, for live recording or in the studio. The Beta 87A features a controlled low-frequency roll-off that compensates for proximity effect and prevents the “boom” sound mostly associated with close pick-up. The tailored frequency response with its presence rise , brightens the upper midrange and helps the vocals cut through the mix. The tight super cardioid pattern provides maximum isolation from other vocalists or instruments while offering minimal off-axis coloration. It operates on phantom power. RRP: £

24 Scenario: Comparison: Advantages and disadvantages A studio recording session needs a microphone for a vocalist. This microphone is great for a live recording or studio as Its super cardioid polar pattern provides maximum isolation from nearby vocalists or instruments. It also prevents that “boomy” sound you may encouter with close pickups. In comparison to a Shure Sm58 it is far superior in the correct application. It contains a super cardioid polar pattern which means that any noise from nearby will not be picked up by the microphone even though the Shure SM58 does the contain a cardioid pattern which is applied to the same idea, the Shure Beta 87a provides a far crisper and smooth output, it is also far more effective at isolating the source of sound and is predominantly used for recording (live or in a studio). -Its super cardioid polar pattern provides maximum isolation. -It prevents that “boomy” sound you may encounter with close pickups. -It provides incredibly crisp and smooth sound. -The capsules more sensitive and prone to damage if dropped. -Condensers are usually more expensive.

25 Unit 65 Video

26 Barco projector The HDX-W12 combines active 3D with wireless control options in one unit. Barco's expertise in the events market with the FLM series has added considerably to the design of this projector, while it also shares image processing and AthenaTM scaling technology with Barco's image processing technology. It has a sturdy, compact design. its 12,000 lumens light output and 3-chip DLP colour quality ensure crisp, vivid imagery on any screen.

27 Display screen Direct-Lit LED display Direct-lit LED technology delivers clear, high-resolution images, along with the uniform brightness typical of traditional CCFL-backlit displays. It also uses less energy, with savings of up to 50% over CCFL. Step up to the performance and efficiency benefits of LED. Simple connectivity A simple feature set and connectivity is great for many applications. Inputs include VGA, HDMI and audio out. High resolution Samsung ED-C Series displays feature 1920 x 1080, for crisp motion graphics and easily readable text. Brightness levels are 350 nits and contrast ratio is 5000:1, for detail even in the whites and blacks.

28 Scenario: Comparison: Advantages and disadvantages -it delivers a clear, high-resolution images, along with the uniform brightness. -A simple feature set and connectivity is great for many applications. Inputs include VGA, HDMI and audio out. In comparison to a Barco projector it is equally as good, the Barco projector is used to project images on a large surface, but this can soften the image and resolution. The Samsung ED-C gives a very high resolution picture and has easily connectivity for many applications. At a photography exhibtion a display screen is needed to deliver high resolution images. It is perfect for this scenario as it delivers a clear, high-resolution images, along with the uniform brightness.


30 Sony HVR-Z1E Providing HDV with the 1080i Standard and joining the existing DVCAM range, the HVR-Z1E offers users an affordable migration path from Standard Definition whilst retaining the popular DVCAM benefits such as ease of use and i.LINK (IEEE1394) connectivity. In addition to its small size.

31 Sony HVR-Z7E The HVR-Z7E is the world's first HDV handheld camcorder with an interchangeable lens system, native progressive recording, and solid-state memory recording. A variety of video lenses can be attached to the HVR-Z7E, which is equipped with a universal standard 1/3-inch bayonet mount mechanism for the quick changing of lenses. Added to this a streamlined nonlinear editing workflow can be achieved using the supplied memory-recording unit, which provides HDV/DVCAM/DV file recording on a standard CompactFlash solid-state memory card. This offers customers varying levels of flexibility and hybrid operation which is becoming an important requirement in video production. The HVR-Z7E also features 25p HDV native progressive recording mode and HDMI output. This handheld Camcorder further enhances the operational versatility of the Sony professional HDV line-up, and opens up a world of possibilities for high-definition digital video production. Whether it's for documentaries, general TV production, low-budget movies, music videos, IPTV, education, or a wide range of corporate and event videography applications, Sony's new HVR-Z7E is ideal.

32 BNC Cable The BNC (Bayonet Neill–Concelman) connector is a small quick connect/disconnect radio frequency connector used forcoaxial cable. It features two bayonet lugs on the female connector; mating is fully achieved with a quarter turn of the coupling nut. These connectors are used with miniature-to-subminiature coaxial cable in radio, television, and other radio-frequency electronic equipment, test instruments, and video signals.

33 DVI cable Digital Visual Interface (DVI) is a video display interface developed by the Digital Display Working Group . The digital interface is used to connect a video source, such as a display controller to a display device, such as a computer monitor. It has been developed with the intention of creating an industry standard for the transfer of digital video content.

34 Newtek Tricaster This Is a vision mixer that merges live video switching, broadcast graphics, virtual sets, special effects, audio mixing, web streaming , social media publishing and recording into an integrated, portable and compact appliance.

35 Panasonic Vision mixer
This versatile unit integrates a HD/SD video switcher, audio mixer, MultiViewer and control panel in a single, compact unit. The HMX100 features a built-in MultiViewer output and combines high-quality video switching with embedded or analog audio mixing functions. this offers a very flexible user interface and supports SD, HD formats, plus switching of 3D sources. It's ideal for use in hotels , schools, government facilities, corporations, public access channels, live events and weddings, and in mobile or portable applications.

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