2Introduction Introduce the author and the title of the text. Examples: The Crucible by Arthur Miller presents themes that are worth examining still today.In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, the danger of hysteria is clearly illustrated.
3Introduction exampleThe world has always been full of rumor and hysteria that sometimes have caused cataclysmic events to occur. What people say matters even though we tell ourselves, “Actions speak louder than words.” In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, the dangers listening to hearsay/rumor and the resulting hysteria are clearly illustrated as the plot of the play unfolds.
4PointersRefer to the author after his introduction by his or her last name only.For example: Miller penned an amazingly illustrious play that clearly points out the dangers of mass hysteria.
5Use present tense when referring to plot. Examples: Abigail threatens the girls with their lives if they speak.Proctor doesn’t want anything to do with Abigail.BUT
6Past Tense in the PlotWith the guilt that he has had an affair with Abigail prior to the opening of the play, Proctor fears speaking against her.
7Format Typically 5 paragraphs Introduction, 3 body points and conclusionEach body paragraph has a topic sentence supported by textual evidence.
8Always REFER to the Text Examples:In Act I, Line 90, Abigail claims, “it were just sport.”In Act II, the reader discovers…Irony presents itself in Act III as Elizabeth takes the stand to testify.
9A list of helpful phrases The plot revealsThe author illustratesIrony is presentThe author elaboratesReaders discover
10Organization of your essay In what ways is John Proctor the tragic hero in this play?Identify how each of the following contributed to the insanity of Salem: greed and revenge, mass hysteria, and superstition.Abigail’s faults are quite obvious, but if you were given the job of her defense attorney, what arguments could you make in her favor?A crucible is a pot which, because it can withstand great heat, is used to melt iron and other metals. The word “crucible” is also used to describe a severe test or a hard trial. Finally, “crucible” is also used as an adjective to describe a very high grade steel. With these possibilities in mind, why do you propose Miller called his play The Crucible?
11Example of thinking model In what ways is John Proctor the tragic hero in this play?Brainstorm 3 ways (which is 3 body paragraphs (YAY)) that Proctor fits the tragic hero.What textual evidence will you use to prove your topic sentences?
12Thinking Model Continued How will you begin your essay? Introduction1. You could briefly define “tragic hero”2. You could describe a scene of a tragic hero3. You could briefly talk about the history of the play itself and lead into the tragic heroismThe Last Sentence of your introduction is your THESIS statement
13Conclusions Typically restates the thesis Many people end with complimentary or derogatory (not most) messages toward the author and his piece.Example:In this play, Miller masterfully creates a scenario that illustrates the horrible dangers of rumor and mass hysteria. In consideration of American history, it is definitely educational and every teenager should read it.