Presentation on theme: "Structural Components"— Presentation transcript:
1 Structural Components When you look at buildings, you see many of the same featuresWe call these STRUCTURAL COMPONENTSThey can: add strength AND be aesthetically pleasing
2 The Hockey Hall of Fame - Toronto Structural components can be used alone or in combinationThe windows and door are in the shape of an arch (this shape spreads the force of the load through both sides of the arch ad into the foundation)The columns between the windows support beams on top; the triangle above the beam is similar to a truss
3 Beams – Strengthening Structures Beams – A flat structure that is supported at each end; iftoo much weight is put on a beam, it will bend oreven break in the middleHow to Strengthen Beams:Change the material (wood, stone, concrete, steel etc)Change its form (the type of beam)Add Corrugation (folding the beam)Add rebar (steel reinforcing rods)
4 I Beams – Changing the Form I-Beam – its shape gives it strength.They have less weight than solid beams of the same lengthBecause they have less of their own weight to support, they can support larger loadsOften used in building construction; structural support in ceilings and floorsSometimes called I-joists
5 Corrugation (Think Folding) When a sheet of metal or cardboard is shaped into a series of pleats, or triangles it is called corrugated metal or corrugated cardboardStronger than a flat sheet of material
7 Rebar – Strengthen Beams Rebar – Steel reinforcing rodsBeams experience tension on top and tension on the bottomConcrete can withstand a great deal of compression but is weak when it comes to tension. Rebar helps resist tensile forcesConcrete that contains rebar is called “reinforced concrete”Made with ridges to ensure it grips the concreteRust resistant; Embedded in the concreteConcrete and steel are used together because they contract and expand in regards to temperature in similar ways
12 Cantilever Bridgescantilever bridges normally use pairs of cantilevers back to backwith a short beam bridge in between the cantilevers.Modern motorways have cantilever bridges stretchingacross them, they have a cantilever coming out from eachside and a beam bridge in between them.Every bar experiences either a pushing or pulling force. The bars rarely bend. This is why cantilever bridges span further than beam bridges.
13 Supporting the Beam Tie, Strut, Gusset Tie – a structural support that is part of the framework and designed to resist TENSIONStrut – similar to a tie, but is placed below a beam where it provides resistance to the forces of compression(unlike columns, struts do not have to be vertical)Gusset – a flat, plate like device, often triangular that often supports a beam by reinforcing the connection between the beam and the support base
15 Response Questions1.) Briefly describe how a beam can be strengthened. What types of considerations would you need to think about?(hint – consider form and function)2.) How is a Cantilever different from a fully supported beam? List some everyday examples of where we would see cantilevers ( at least three).3.) As you are out and about in Kingston, try to spot uses of ties, struts, gussets. Record the location of some of these examples/the type of structure that is supported
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