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© MSA A Review of Upcoming Changes to the ANSI Z359.1 Fall Arrest Standard MSA WebCast May 23, 2006 Presented by: Joseph Feldstein Manager Technical Services Mine Safety Appliances Company
© MSA A Review of the Proposed New Standard n What we will cover: u Background Information u The “Family of Standards” s Summary of proposed new standards s Highlights of new requirements u Schedule for Release s Estimated Dates s Public Comment u Question and Answer Period
© MSA History of ANSI Z359.1 Standard n Originally published in 1992 u First General Industry fall protection standard u First to use the “systems” approach to fall arrest equipment n Revised in 1999 u Few changes were made u Incorporated into many industrial fall protection programs n Revised and Expanded in 2006
© MSA The Family of Standards n Z “Definitions and Nomenclature Used for Fall Protection and Fall Arrest” n Z359.1 – “Safety Requirements for Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Subsystems and Components” n Z359.2 – “Minimum Requirements for a Comprehensive Managed Fall Protection Program” n Z359.3 – “Safety Requirements for Positioning and Travel Restraint Systems” n Z359.4 – “Safety Requirements for Assisted Rescue and Self-Rescue Systems, Subsystems and Components”
© MSA Value Added by the New Standard n Addresses a critical need for guidance in creating fall protection programs n Broadens the scope of standard to include additional work tasks and equipment types n Improves strength and performance of products intended to protect worker health and safety
© MSA ANSI Z359.0, “Definitions and Nomenclature Used for Fall Protection and Fall Arrest” n Lexicon of terms used in the other four sections of the standard n Single point of reference for definitions that apply throughout the family of standards “Activation Distance” to “Working Line” and everything in between
© MSA ANSI Z359.2, “Minimum Requirements for a Comprehensive Fall Protection Program”
© MSA Z Section 1: Scope, Purpose, Exceptions and Interpretations n Scope u Guidelines for an employer’s managed fall protection program n Purpose u Identify, evaluate and eliminate (or control) fall hazards through planning u Ensure proper training of personnel u Ensure proper installation and use of fall protection and rescue equipment u Implement safe fall protection and rescue procedures n Exceptions u Does not apply to construction industry (SIC Division C) n Interpretations u In writing to Secretariat of this standard (ASSE)
© MSA Z359.2 – SECTION 3: Policies, Duties and Training n Policy Statement n Duties & Responsibilities u Employers u Program Administrator u Qualified Person u Competent Person u Authorized Person u Competent Rescuer u Authorized Rescuer u Trainers
© MSA Z359.2 – SECTION 3: Policies, Duties and Training (continued) n Training and Evaluations u General Requirements s Conforms to ANSI Z490.1, “Criteria for Accepted Practices in Safety, Health and Environmental Training” s Training Guides & Documentation s Regularly scheduled re-training u Specific Requirements s For each person defined in the managed fall protection program s Documented performance through observation, measurement and recording of results
© MSA Z359.2 – Section 4: Fall Protection Procedures n General Requirements u Written fall protection procedures for routine hazards n Fall Hazard Survey Report u Survey of work environment by Qualified or Competent Person u Report prepared for each fall hazard u Identifies methods to eliminate or control the hazard
© MSA Z359.2 – Section 4: Fall Protection Procedures (continued) n Minimum Requirements for Fall Protection Procedures u Written by Qualified or Competent Person u Provide for 100% continuous fall protection u Include training and qualifications of authorized persons permitted to use system u Anchor identification and criteria u Equipment assembly, usage and inspection u Provisions for post-fall rescue u Requirements for investigation of incidents
© MSA Z359.2 – Section 5: Eliminating and Controlling Fall Hazards n Fall Protection Hierarchy - in decreasing order of preference: s Elimination or Substitution s Passive Fall Protection s Fall Restraint s Fall Arrest s Administrative Controls
© MSA Z359.2 – Section 5: Eliminating and Controlling Fall Hazards (continued) n General Requirements for Fall Protection Systems u Certified components u Design of system based on testing or engineering calculations u Design and installation must be performed under supervision of a Qualified Person u Certified anchors u Maximum arrest force 1,800 lbf or less u Fall restraint limited to working surfaces at, or less than, a 4:12 slope
© MSA Z359.2 – Section 5: Eliminating and Controlling Fall Hazards (continued) n Design Requirements for Fall Protection Systems in New Facilities u Controlling fall hazards when planning and designing a new building u Requirement for safe design from architects, planners, engineers and building owners u Account for fall hazards arising during maintenance and occupancy considered during design phase
© MSA Z359.2 – Section 5: Eliminating and Controlling Fall Hazards (continued) n Anchor Systems u Fall Arrest s Non-Certified Anchor l 5,000 lbf static strength s Certified Anchor l Designed, selected and installed by Qualified Person l Static strength two times maximum arresting force u Work Positioning s Non-Certified Anchor l 3,000 lbf static strength s Certified Anchor l Static strength two times foreseeable force
© MSA Z359.2 – Section 5: Eliminating and Controlling Fall Hazards (continued) n Anchor Systems (continued) u Restraint and Travel Restriction s Non-Certified Anchor l 1,000 lbf static strength s Certified Anchor l Static strength two times foreseeable force u Rescue Systems s Non-Certified Anchor l 3,000 lbf static strength s Certified Anchor l Static strength five times the applied load
© MSA Z359.2 – Section 5: Eliminating and Controlling Fall Hazards (continued) n Inspection, Maintenance and Storage of Fall Protection and Fall Rescue Equipment u Inspection s Inspection before use s Formal inspection by Competent Person at least annually u Removal from Service u Maintenance u Storage
© MSA Z359.2 – Section 5: Eliminating and Controlling Fall Hazards (continued) n Rope Access u Provides a means of access to the workplace u Job safety analysis required u Two person team u Two-line system s Maximum free fall distance 6 ft s Maximum arresting force 1,800 lbf u Competent Person trained in Rope Access s Select anchor, determines rigging, identify hazards and establishes control measures
© MSA Z359.2 – Section 6: Rescue Procedures n Provisions for Prompt Rescue u Written rescue procedures u Contact with rescue subject within 6 minutes n Professional Rescue Services u Advance planning u Written confirmation & plan from rescue agency n In-House Rescue Service u Specialized training and re-training u Documented rescue plans and instructions
© MSA Z359.2 – Section 7: Incident Investigations n Reporting scheme for all fall-related incidents n Provision for prompt investigation n Activity ceases until investigator gives go- ahead n Inspection and custody of equipment n Documentation and record keeping requirements
© MSA Z359.2 – Section 8: Evaluating Program Effectiveness n Evaluation Criteria n Regular Reviews n Rescue Drills n Evaluation of fall protection program by Program Administrator at least every two years. More frequently when there are incidents involving injuries, property damage or “near-misses.”
© MSA ANSI Z359.1, “Safety Requirements for Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Subsystems and Components” n Product Standard u Design, performance and test requirements n Remains essentially the same as ANSI Z (R1999) with notable exceptions n Focus on several new requirements in the proposed standard
© MSA ANSI Z359.1, - Snaphooks and Carabiners n Gate strength requirements have increased: u Was – 220 lbf (gate face), 350 lbf (gate side) u Will Change to – s 3,600 lbf s In all directions of potential loading l Face, side and minor axis (from inside out)
© MSA ANSI Z359.1, - Full Body Harnesses n Front Attachment Element for Fall Arrest is Now Included in Standard u Was – back D-ring only for fall arrest u Will Change To Include (in addition to back D-ring) - s Front D-ring mounted in the chest area s For use as part of a complete personal fall arrest system that limits maximum free fall distance to 2 ft or less and maximum arrest forces to 900 lbf or less s Static load tested to 3,600 lbf, s Dynamically tested with 220 lb test weight, 3.3 ft free fall distance, in both head-first and feet-first orientation
© MSA ANSI Z359.1, - Twin Leg Shock Absorbing Lanyards for Fall Arrest n Additional Testing and Warnings Against Misuse: u Was – twin leg lanyards not specifically addressed in standard u Will Change To: s Static test of central point of connection where two legs meet to 5,000 lbf s Warning on product label to attach only the snaphook at the center of the lanyard to the fall arrest attachment element of the harness s Additional warnings in User Instructions
© MSA ANSI Z359.3, “Safety Requirements for Positioning and Travel Restraint Systems” n Work Positioning Defined: u “Supporting a worker on a vertical surface while working with hands free” s Work positioning systems are designed to prevent a fall from occurring. When a fall hazard is present, positioning systems must be used in conjunction with a separate and independent personal fall arrest system n Travel Restraint Defined: u “Limiting a worker’s travel in such a manner that they cannot reach a fall hazard zone” s Restraint systems do not support a portion of the worker’s weight s Used only on walking/working surfaces with a slope between zero and 18.4 degrees
© MSA Z359.3 – Equipment Covered in this Standard n Full Body Harnesses u Must meet ANSI Z359.1 harness requirements u Positioning and travel restraint attachment elements (D-rings) must withstand a dynamic strength test of a 3.3 ft free fall with a 220 lb test weight n Work Positioning and Travel Restraint Lanyards u Must withstand a static load of 5,000 lbf without breaking
© MSA ANSI Z359.4, “Safety Requirements for Assisted Rescue and Self-Rescue Systems, Subsystems and Components” 1. Scope, Purpose, Application, Exceptions and Interpretations 2. Definitions 3. Requirements 4. Qualification Testing 5. Marking and Instructions 6. Inspection, Maintenance and Storage 7. Equipment Selection, Rigging, Use and Training
© MSA Z359.4 – Section 1: Scope, Purpose, Application, Exceptions and Interpretations n Scope u Requirements for design, performance, marking, qualification, instruction, training, use, maintenance and removal from service u Equipment covered in the standard: s Connectors s Harnesses s Lanyards s Anchorage Connectors s Winches/Hoists s Descent Control Devices s Rope Tackle Blocks s Self-Retracting Lanyards with Integral Rescue Capability
© MSA Z359.4 – Section 1: Scope, Purpose, Application, Exceptions and Interpretations (continued) n Purpose and Applications u For rescue systems utilized in pre-planned rescue applications for 1 – 2 persons where a fall hazard exists n Exceptions u Construction, sports-related activities, rope access rescue techniques utilized by certified rescue technicians, or other tasks that have established national consensus standards u Competent Person must determine suitability of equipment in this standard for activities conducted in hazardous atmospheres
© MSA Z359.4 – Section 3: Requirements n System Requirements u One person rescue system capacity s 130 to 310 pounds u Two person rescue system capacity s 130 to 600 pounds n Connector Requirements u Must meet requirements of ANSI Z359.1
© MSA Z359.4 – Section 3: Requirements n Full Body Harness Requirements u Must meet ANSI Z359.1 u Dorsal (back) D-ring is suitable for rescue applications unless specifically prohibited u Other rescue/retrieval attachment elements must meet: s 3,600 lbf static load test s Dynamic test with 220 lb test weight and 2.0 ft free fall
© MSA Z359.4 – Section 3: Requirements (continued) n Evacuation Harness u For rescue only, not for fall arrest u Securely hold body whether conscious or unconscious u Support the body around the shoulders and thighs n Rescue Lanyards & Anchorage Connectors u Must meet requirements of ANSI Z359.1
© MSA Z359.4 – Section 3: Requirements (continued) n Self-Retracting Lanyard Component with Integral Rescue Capability u Operation s Engages in rescue mode at any time, not possible to inadvertently change to or from rescue mode s Raise or lower with minimum 3:1 mechanical advantage s In rescue mode, will automatically stop and hold a load if rescuer relinquishes control s Means to stabilize device during use in rescue mode s May be manually or powered with speed control and manual back-up u Static Strength s 3,100 lbf u Function s Must raise, lower and hold the load while carrying 125% of maximum capacity and 75% of minimum capacity
© MSA Z359.4 – Section 3: Requirements (continued) n Synthetic Rope Tackle Block u Rope s Synthetic rope with minimum breaking strength of 4,500 lbf u Static Strength s 3,100 lbf u Dynamic Strength s Withstand a 2 ft free-fall with a 220 lb weight and continue to function u Function s Raise, lower and hold a load s Secondary brake to prevent uncontrolled lowering s Minimum mechanical advantage of 3:1
© MSA Z359.4 – Section 3: Requirements (continued) n Descent Devices u Descent Energy and Capacity s Single and multiple-use devices s Automatic and manually controlled u Descent Speed s Between 1.6 ft/sec and 6.6 ft/sec u Static Strength s 2,700 lbf u Dynamic Strength s Withstand a 2 ft free-fall with a 220 lb test weight and continue to function u Function s Lower at a controlled rate s Manually controlled devices must stop descent if control is released, or if excessive pressure is applied (panic grab)
© MSA Z359.4 – Section 3: Requirements (continued) n Personnel Hoists u Operation s Manually operated and Powered s Raise & lower with max force to operate of 30 pounds u Static Strength s 3,100 lbf static u Functional Criteria s Stop & hold load s Backup brake
© MSA Z359.4 – Section 4: Qualification Testing n Test Equipment and Methods Defined for each component u Static and Dynamic Strength and Performance n Conditioning u Cycle testing u Environmental conditioning n Corrosion Resistance
© MSA Value Added by the New Standard n Addresses a critical need for guidance in creating fall protection programs s Clear Lines of Authority and Responsibility s Detailed Job Planning s Expanded Training n Broadens the scope of standard to include additional work tasks and equipment types s Work Positioning s Travel Restraint s Rescue s Rope Access n Improves strength and performance of products intended to protect worker health and safety s Increased snaphook & carabiner gate strength s Additional testing for twin leg lanyards s Establishes minimum requirements for positioning, restraint and rescue components
© MSA Schedule for Release n Estimated publication in August 2007 n Effective Date of October 15, 2007 n To Obtain Copies of New Standard u American Society of Safety Engineers, Des Plains, IL u ph: u
© MSA Implications for the Scaffold Industry n For Scaffold Manufacturers u To provide safe designs that take into account fall hazards n For Scaffold Users u To follow a comprehensive managed fall protection program in accordance with Z u To provide fall protection products certified to the new standard n For Safety Professionals in the Scaffold Industry u To promote safe practices according to the requirements of Z u To provide expanded training that conforms to the new requirements in Z
© MSA QUESTION AND ANSWER PERIOD call in or your questions to : Telephone:
© MSA Thank you for your participation! For further information, contact: Joseph Feldstein MSA Fall Protection 2250 South Tejon Street Englewood, CO Ph: (303) Fax: (303)
© MSA Thank you for your participation! For further information, contact: Joseph Feldstein MSA Fall Protection 2250 South Tejon Street Englewood, CO Ph: (303) Fax: (303)
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