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Improved anchoring of SSS with vacuum barrier to avoid displacement Ofelia Capatina (speaker), Katy Foraz (coordinates all the activities), Antonio Foreste,

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Presentation on theme: "Improved anchoring of SSS with vacuum barrier to avoid displacement Ofelia Capatina (speaker), Katy Foraz (coordinates all the activities), Antonio Foreste,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Improved anchoring of SSS with vacuum barrier to avoid displacement Ofelia Capatina (speaker), Katy Foraz (coordinates all the activities), Antonio Foreste, Vittorio Parma, Thierry Renaglia, Jean-Pierre Quesnel LHC Performance Workshop - Chamonix 2009, 3 February 2009

2 2 O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009 Overview Introduction Initial requirements and actual SSS supporting Updated requirements and improved supporting design Planning and costs Next weak point? Conclusion

3 3 Introduction Incident on 19 th of September 2008 => failure of some supports of SSS in sector 3-4 due to longitudinal loads O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

4 4 Initial requirements and actual SSS supporting Each SSS is installed on 1 jacks for longitudinal alignment + 2 for transversal alignment; The 3 jacks are used for vertical alignment O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

5 5 Initial requirements and actual SSS supporting Alignment done by geometers after installation O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

6 6 Initial requirements and actual SSS supporting Each SSS is installed on 1 jacks for longitudinal alignment + 2 for transversal alignment; The 3 jacks are used for vertical alignment O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

7 7 Initial requirements and actual SSS supporting Vacuum sectorisation for one LHC sector Vacuum barrier in 13 SSS / sector (Q11R&L, Q15R&L, Q19R&L, Q23R&L, Q27R&L, Q31R&L, Q33R) A total of 104 SSS with vacuum barrier O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

8 8 Initial requirements and actual SSS supporting Vacuum vessel/vacuum barrier designed for 0.15 MPa internal pressure Supporting system should withstand loads induced by differential pressure on both sides of vacuum barrier: –Nominal operation: up to Δp = 0.1 MPa –Exceptional : up to Δp = 0.15 MPa Δ p = 0.1 MPa across vac. Barrier  80 kN at the jacks (tested value) jack O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

9 9 Initial requirements and actual SSS supporting Supporting system should withstand –Nominal operation up to 80 kN longitudinally (≡ 0.1 MPa) –Exceptional operation up to 120 kN longitudinally (≡ 0.15 MPa) Actual SSS supporting system: –Designed for 80 kN and tested in the tunnel for a longitudinal load up to 90 kN –Test done once in surface building up to 120 kN (not documented) Sonia Bartolome et al., tests done in the LHC tunnel, June 2003 O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

10 10 O. Capatina et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009 Initial requirements and actual SSS supporting Actual SSS supporting system: –Tested failure tensile loads of anchors120 kN to150 kN Ok for nominal operation Failure limit for exceptional conditions (~ 150 kN) No concrete damage observed Sonia Bartolome et al., tests done in the LHC tunnel, June 2003 O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

11 11 Updated requirements and improved SSS supporting Sect.3-4 incident: estimate (see pres. Ph. Lebrun session 01) pressure inside vessels (on one side of vacuum barrier): 0.7 MPa (x 4.6 design pressure) => Improvements of security relief valves proposed (see pres. V. Parma session 04) different form warm / cold sectors Updated design pressure (see pres. V. Parma session 04) New configuration on cold sectors: 13 DN100, 2 DN90, 4 DN63 New configuration on warm sectors: 12 DN200, 4 DN100, 2 DN90 (DP: Design Pressure) L. Tavian New design pressure O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

12 12 Updated requirements and improved SSS supporting Updated design pressure 0.3 MPa for SSS anchoring. Why? –Covers an important area of possible events –Very high but feasible value of longitudinal loads to be considered for the new anchor design kN; –The chain of elements vacuum barrier / cold foot / jack should be equilibrated Design of vacuum barrier for 0.15 MPa with security factor 3 => confident that it withstands 0.3 MPa Cold foot tests showed no failure up to 70 kN equivalent to 0.3 MPa jack O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

13 13 Updated requirements and improved SSS supporting Requirements for the design of the improved SSS anchors –Withstand longitudinal load of 240 kN –Possibility to install the system on SSS already on jacks Reduced space under the SSS – very difficult for drilling –Accessibility for alignment Estimation of realignment every year –Allow thermal contraction of vacuum tank in case of accident –Allow space for other foreseen equipment under the SSS –Uninstalling the system should allow SSS removal if needed Transport / installation zones to be taken into account –Optimize price –Feasibility within general planning O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

14 14 Updated requirements and improved SSS supporting Several solutions have been studied –1 st solution – distribution of the longitudinal load among the 3 jacks O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

15 15 O. Capatina et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009 Updated requirements and improved SSS supporting Several solutions have been studied –1 st solution – distribution of the longitudinal load among the 3 jacks –No cryostat thermal contraction allowed

16 16 O. Capatina et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009 Updated requirements and improved SSS supporting –2 nd solution – bloc additional fixation to the ground – only shear loads transmitted to the floor –Poor accessibility to jacks for alignment

17 17 O. Capatina et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009 Updated requirements and improved SSS supporting –3 rd solution – bloc additional fixation to the ground and to the cryostat – only shear loads transmitted to the floor –Necessitates special installation procedure (monitored by geometers) to avoid vacuum tank deformation

18 18 Updated requirements and improved SSS supporting –4 rd solution – the final one O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

19 19 Updated requirements and improved SSS supporting –Final solution – equivalent stress O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

20 20 Updated requirements and improved SSS supporting –Final solution – deformation O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

21 21 Updated requirements and improved SSS supporting –Final solution – reaction loads –Contact on single jack guaranteed O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

22 22 Updated requirements and improved SSS supporting –Final solution – reaction loads –Ground fixation system tested this morning in SX4 O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

23 23 Updated requirements and improved SSS supporting –Final solution – one ground fixation system tested in SX4 –Up to 380 kN applied longitudinally and 230 kN applied vertically (traction) during 10 min (1.5 x design load if only one side charged) => no visible damage observed M. Guinchard and A. Foreste, tests done in SX4, February 2009

24 24 Planning considerations Prototype –Manufacturing complete prototype w7-8 –Test prototype w9 LHC installation –Hypothesis Conservative hypothesis that drilling not allowed when liquid helium Installation = same risk as alignment operations (ok with liquid helium) –Drilling 2 weeks / sector starting in week 11 for sector 2-3 –Overall installation 2 weeks / sector within the general planning –Alignment check of SSS after system installation: a total of 25 days ok with general planning O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

25 25 Costs 104 systems to be manufactured and installed –System: 104 x 5’000 CHF 520’000 CHF –Ground fixation: 42’000 CHF –Manpower Drilling: 104 x 4 x 6 x 62 CHF 155’000 CHF Installation: 104 x 2 x 8 x 62 CHF 103’000 CHF –Equipment for drilling and installation: 27’000 CHF –Alignment: 20’000 CHF –Total for 8 sectors 867’000 CHF Rmq transport operations not included O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

26 26 Next weak point? The anchoring of SSS with vacuum barrier have been discussed If new cryostat design pressure 0.3 MPa instead of 0.15 MPa, what about the other equipments? DFBA O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

27 27 Next weak point? DFBA –Calculations done by A. Bertarelli in 2006 for a vessel design pressure of 0.15 MPa absolute (0.05 MPa relative) –The new design pressure of 0.3 Mpa (0.2 MPa relative) multiplies the applied loads by a factor 4 Shuffling module vacuum vessel – with the new design pressure the tank will plastify locally but should not get to failure The “negative fixator” (external support) will fail Fixation very difficult to improve due to lack of space Alessandro Bertarelli DFBA calculations done in 2006 O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

28 28 Conclusions The design of the improved anchoring of SSS with vacuum barrier has been presented It was designed to withstand 240 kN longitudinally, equivalent to 0.3 MPa of differential pressure on both sides of the vacuum barrier The system is foreseen to be installed in “warm” sectors too as an additional safety device The installation of the equipments will be within the global planning The total cost will be of about 867’000 CHF, transport not included Open questions –What happens if Δp > 0.3 MPa ? : cold foot, vacuum barrier damaged before external anchoring damage… –We are very confident that vacuum barrier and cold foot withstand the load equivalent to 0.3 MPa but it has never been demonstrated –Next week point could be the DFBA… –What about other elements (such as all “special” cryostats of the LSS, jumper vacuum barrier …)? O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009

29 29 Thank you ! … in particular Lucio for his patience and advices O. Capatina EN/MME et al., Chamonix, 3rd of February 2009


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