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Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: 15-10-2007Slide: 1 of 20 Eskom’s unique type test requirements for Lightning Surge Arrester.

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Presentation on theme: "Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: 15-10-2007Slide: 1 of 20 Eskom’s unique type test requirements for Lightning Surge Arrester."— Presentation transcript:

1 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 1 of 20 Eskom’s unique type test requirements for Lightning Surge Arrester Ground Lead Disconnectors Presented at: AMEU Convention 2007 Author & presenter: Rossouw Theron (IARC) Co-author: Hendri Geldenhuys (IARC)

2 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 2 of 20 Arrester GLD Typical surge arrester

3 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 3 of 20 Arrester Grading resistor Spark gap { Ground lead disconnector (GLD) 22 Blank cartridge

4 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 4 of 20 Spark gap Grading resistor Arrester 22 Blank cartridge Ground lead disconnector (GLD)

5 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 5 of 20 IEC : GLD test requirements IEC :Specification for metal-oxide surge arresters without gaps for a.c. systems Type test requirements for GLDs according to IEC are: Disconnector operation test Disconnector withstand tests

6 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 6 of 20 IEC : GLD test requirements Disconnector operation test: The time delay for the operation of the disconnector is determined for three values of current, 20 A, 200 A and 800 A GLD Operating curve

7 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 7 of 20 IEC : GLD test requirements Disconnector withstand tests: When an arrester is fitted with a GLD it shall withstand, without operating, each of the following tests: Long-duration current impulse test The arrester and GLD are subjected to a series of 18 long-duration current impulses (2000 μs square wave). Operating duty test The arrester and GLD is subjected to a series of 20 lightning current impulses (10 kA, 8/20 μs) and 2 high current impulses (100 kA, 4/10 μs).

8 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 8 of 20 Field failures GLDs that fail to operate GLDs that fail to operate Premature GLD operation Premature GLD operation

9 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 9 of 20 Field failures: GLDs that fail to operate Arresters failed GLDs did not operate

10 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 10 of 20 Field failures: Premature GLD operation GLD operated Undamaged arrester

11 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 11 of 20 GLD operating curves SEF setting philosophy Trip delay: 3 s to 15 s Pick-up: 3 A to 6 A SEF setting range Field failures: GLDs that fail to operate

12 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 12 of 20 Typical SEF setting: 5 5 A Specified minimum GLD operating time: 3 5 A GLD operating curves Field failures: GLDs that fail to operate SEF setting range

13 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 13 of 20 Field failures: GLDs that fail to operate New GLD operating curves

14 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 14 of 20 Field failures: Premature GLD operation GLD current impulse test points according to IEC Effective duration of typical lightning current impulses

15 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 15 of 20 Field failures: Premature GLD operation Surge arrester “X”: MOV failure level

16 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 16 of 20 Field failures: Premature GLD operation MOV failure level vs transient operation curve for GLD X

17 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 17 of 20 Field failures: Premature GLD operation MOV failure level vs transient operation curves for GLD X & X1

18 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 18 of 20 Field failures: Premature GLD operation Benchmarking with 30/80 μs current impulses

19 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 19 of 20 Eskom’s GLD test requirements 1. Disconnector operation test GLD operating time is determined at 20 A, 200 A and 800 A, as well as at 5 A / 3 s 2. Long duration current impulse withstand test 18 x 2000 μs square wave current impulses GLD resistance measurements and 5 A operation verification test 3. Operating duty withstand test 20 x 8/20 μs, 10 kA and 2 x 4/10 μs, 100 kA current impulses GLD resistance measurements and 5 A operation verification test 4. High lightning duty current impulse withstand test 2 x 30/80, 30 kA current impulses GLD resistance measurements and 5 A operation verification test 5. Repetitive surge withstand ability test 1000 voltage impulses, sufficient to ensure spark-over of the GLD’s internal gap GLD resistance measurements and 5 A operation verification test 6. Moisture ingress test GLD is immersed in boiling water for 42 hours

20 Industry Association Resource Centre By: Rossouw TheronDate: Slide: 20 of 20 QUESTIONS ?


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