Presentation on theme: "Illustrated Dictionary for learners of French in Canada (beginner and intermediate) over 10 000 entries 12 000 sample sentences with their English equivalent."— Presentation transcript:
Illustrated Dictionary for learners of French in Canada (beginner and intermediate) over entries sample sentences with their English equivalent comprehensive English-French index grammatical agreements conjugation keys about 1500 synonyms and opposites 34 grammar charts 320 language notes 74 cultural vignettes over 250 illustrated words and picture pages in colour The first FSL dictionary entirely developed in Canada, based on a corpus of teaching units approved for Core French and immersion curricula.
A Canadian First! The word list Over entries English-French Index Sample entries ‒ Parts of speechParts of speech ‒ Fixed phrases and compound nounsFixed phrases and compound nouns ‒ HomographsHomographs ‒ Verb conjugationVerb conjugation ‒ Gender and numberGender and number ‒ AbbreviationsAbbreviations ‒ Sample phrases and sentencesSample phrases and sentences ‒ English translationsEnglish translations Grammar Language boxes Synonyms and antonyms Names of places and peopleLanguage boxesSynonyms and antonymsNames of places and people Cultural vignettes Canadian flora and fauna Illustrations Colour spreads Conclusion MENU
A Canadian First! Le Myosotis is the first FSL dictionary developed entirely in Canada. Designed for 9-to-15 year old learners of French who use English to communicate with each other on a daily basis.
The word list Le Myosotis is based on a corpus of oral and written texts from 224 teaching units (approx lessons) used in core and immersion French classes from grades 4 to 9 throughout Canada.
The word list abandon abréviation abuser adoption adoucir allié altitude audace An additional 400 frequent words from the French database Lexique 3 were added to the list.
tintamarre épluchette voyageur Nunavut courriel blogue Fransaskois cégep virus Vocabulary reflecting our cultural heritage and new technologies complete the word list. The word list
Over entries 9260 words from the corpus of teaching materials 400 frequent words from Lexique 3 about one hundred cultural words variants of verbs, nouns and adjectives
English-French Index All of the words used to translate the entries and sample sentences
Parts of speech The parts of speech are identified after each entry. No abbreviations are used.
Fixed phrases and compound nouns Le Myosotis facilitates the search process of fixed phrases and compound nouns through multiple entries.
Homographs Homographs have separate entries and are numbered.
Conjugation of verbs French conjugation of verbs is a complex and often confusing process even for native speakers. In Le Myosotis, verb endings are presented in easy-to-understand charts on the inside of front and back covers.
Conjugation of verbs The charts are accompanied by simple instructions.
Conjugation of verbs For verbs ending in -er, the student is invited to consult the chart on the back of the first cover page ( ) where the endings of the most common moods and tenses are presented. Verbs in -ir ( ) with the present participle in -issant are presented on the back of the last cover page. Stem variations are indicated within the entry itself.
Conjugation of verbs Common irregular verbs are conjugated in full at their entry.
Conjugation of verbs All other irregular verbs are conjugated in the most frequent tenses, or referred to a root verb.
Gender and number of nouns and adjectives Gender of nouns is indicated prior to the entry through the use of determiners (le, un; la, une), thus reinforcing this characteristic of the French language. Irregular forms of the plural are given at their entry. Masculine and feminine forms, regular and irregular, are given in full.
Abbreviations Whenever a French abbreviation is more common than its formal counterpart, it is afforded a separate entry. Abbreviations and truncated word forms appear next to the more formal spellings of words.
Sample phrases and sentences Multiple expressions containing the same entry are presented in phrases and sentences. Sample sentences are presented on separate lines to make the dictionary easy to consult. Words that have no English equivalent are placed in a context that makes them easy for the student to comprehend.
Every entry is followed by one or more English equivalents. Sample sentences provide the learner with a sense of the different meanings of each word. Each sentence, in turn, is translated into English. English translations
The basic rules of French grammar introduced in the curriculum documents are presented in 34 charts within the dictionary. Grammar
Grammar charts appear as close to the appropriate entries as possible. Cross-referencing enables students to refer to charts on different pages.
Language boxes Over 320 language boxes provide additional information about faux amis, spelling issues and confusing meanings.
Synonyms and antonyms Le Myosotis pays particular attention to synonyms and related terms, as well as antonyms. Approximately 1500 entries are networked in this manner to facilitate vocabulary enrichment. Few dictionaries go to such lengths to foster learner independence and creativity.
Names of places and people The dictionary contains the names of all the Canadian provinces and territories. It also identifies the names of the people who live there. Information is also provided about most countries of origin of Canadian people.
Cultural vignettes Le Myosotis contains 74 vignettes dealing with French-Canadian and Amerindian cultural realities.
Cultural vignettes Some vignettes are identified with this pictograph. It symbolizes the French presence within the Canadian identity and includes aspects of our Amerindian heritage. The circle suggests a harmonious whole.
Canadian fauna and flora Each Canadian province and territory has its official flower and bird. Illustrations of each appear within the dictionary. Animal entries provide the names given to the male, female and offspring; occasionally, they also include the word describing the sounds produced by the animal.
Illustrations Some 250 illustrations and colour spreads play an important educational role in Le Myosotis. A first type of illustration brings together words that might create confusion in the minds of second language learners.
Illustrations A second type of illustration consists of colour illustrations of objects or events.
Colour spreads Three large colour spreads (2 pages each) deal with various topics: le Canada, les saisons, les chambres d’ados.
Black and white outlines of the colour spreads are labeled.
Conclusion (Extract from the preface by Pierre Calvé) Though a good dictionary constitutes a natural complement to teaching materials, no-one to date, as far as I can ascertain, has taken the time to produce a tool based on a corpus of the oral and written texts actually used by the FSL learner. One need only read the introduction to the present dictionary to realize the undeniable usefulness of a tool based on the themes and linguistic content of those approved teaching materials used within the different Canadian educational institutions. What’s more, one quickly realizes that this dictionary is more than a mere reference tool. The numerous charts and language boxes, the illustrative examples, the lexical and grammatical comments, the cultural vignettes and the illustrations constitute a rich bank of resources capable of clarifying certain difficulties with the French language as well as enriching and facilitating the learning process.