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Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika OVERVIEW OF SPECTRUM ISSUES IN INDONESIA 22/04/2015 DG POSTEL Presented by: Denny Setiawan Deputy Director of Spectrum.

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Presentation on theme: "Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika OVERVIEW OF SPECTRUM ISSUES IN INDONESIA 22/04/2015 DG POSTEL Presented by: Denny Setiawan Deputy Director of Spectrum."— Presentation transcript:

1 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika OVERVIEW OF SPECTRUM ISSUES IN INDONESIA 22/04/2015 DG POSTEL Presented by: Denny Setiawan Deputy Director of Spectrum Policy and Planning Directorate General of Post and Telecommunications Ministry of Communications and IT GSMA Spectrum Workshop Session 3: Regulatory Frameworks and government policy affects spectrum availability London, 29th June

2 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika PRESENTATION 1.OVERVIEW 2.MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS AND FREQUENCY BANDS 3.IMT-ADVANCED SPECTRUM AND PROBLEMS 4.SPECTRUM PRICING AND LICENSING REFORM 22/04/2015 DG POSTEL 2

3 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika SOUTHEAST ASIA AND INDONESIA IN BRIEF (Ref: Wikipedia) South East Asia –Area: 5,000,000 km2 –Pops (2009): 593,000,000 –Density: people per km2 –GDP per capita (2009): US$ 2500 Indonesia: –Area: 1,919,440 km2 (land), 735,355 sq.mi (sea) –Pops (2009): 229,965,000 –Density: 119,9 people per km2 –GDP per capita (2009): US$ /04/ DG POSTEL S.E Asia countries consist of : Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Phillipines, Thailand, Brunei, Vietnam, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, East Timor, Papua New Guinea

4 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika 1. INDONESIAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS GROWTH Sumber: Business Monitor International Report 2Q /04/2015 DG POSTEL 4

5 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika INDONESIA ICT STATISTIC Fixed Wireline Fixed Wireless Cellular Internet 8.8 Millions 2.3 Millions140.5 Millions 21.7 Millions 3 Operators 4 Operators 8 Operator (5 GSM & 3 CDMA) 164 ISP, ± 25 MillionUsers Number of subscribers Penetration 9.53%61.72%10%3.81% Number of population: More than millions pops Data: Q /04/2015 DG POSTEL 5

6 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika 2. MOBILE SERVICES AND FREQUENCY BANDS MOBILE OPERATORS IN INDONESIA (FDD / Paired Band) –BAND PLAN GSM-900/1800 –IMT-2000 (UMTS) BAND PLAN MOBILE AND FWA OPERATORS IN INDONESIA (FDD / Paired Band) –BAND PLAN CDMA GHz BAND PLAN OPTIONS DTTB & DIGITAL DIVIDEND IN UHF-BAND DIGITAL DIVIDEND (700 MHz) BAND PLAN IMT-ADVANCED SPECTRUM AND PROBLEMS 22/04/2015 DG POSTEL 6

7 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika MOBILE OPERATORS IN INDONESIA (FDD / Paired Band) 22/04/2015 DG POSTEL Notes: Reference: Number of subscribers: Annual report of operators year 2008, Ditjen Postel. 7 TelkomselIndosatXL AxiataHutch CPTAxis Starting of operation Number of subs (end of 2008) 65,300,00036,500,00026,000,0004,501,0003,000,000 StandardGSM/UMTS /HSPA Frequency Band (MHz) 900/1800/ /1800/ /1800/ /1800/ /1800/ 2100 Bandwidth40 MHz FDD 20 MHz FDD15 MHz FDD20 MHz FDD

8 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika BAND PLAN GSM-900/ /04/2015 DG POSTEL 8

9 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika IMT-2000 (UMTS) BAND PLAN 22/04/2015 DG POSTEL 9

10 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika MOBILE AND FWA OPERATORS IN INDONESIA (FDD / Paired Band) 22/04/2015 DG POSTEL Notes: Bakrie Esia: 4 carrier 1.23 MHz di West Java, DKI, Banten, Telkom: 4 carrier 1.23 MHz exclude West Java, DKI, Banten Reference: Number of subscribers: Annual report of operators year 2008, Ditjen Postel. 10 SAMPOER NA TI MOBILE- 8 BAKRIE TELECOM TELKOM FLEXI INDOSAT STARONE SMART Starting of operation s Number of subs (Y:2008) N/A3,004,4007,300,00012,725,000761,589N/A StandardCDMA Frequency Band (MHz) Bandwidth3.69 MHz FDD 4.92 MHz FDD 4.96 MHz FDD 2.26 MHz FDD 6.15 MHz FDD

11 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika BAND PLAN CDMA /04/2015 DG POSTEL 11

12 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika OPERATOR BWA TDD 2.6 GHz (Unpaired Band) & SATELIT BSS 22/04/2015 DG POSTEL 12 CSMELANG MAHKOTA MNC SKVISION (INDOVISION) Starting of operation 2009N.A1996 Licensed AreaJakarta and some major cities in Java islands Nationwide Number of subs (end of 2008) N/A < 1,000,000 StandardWimax BSS Satellite Frequency Band (MHz) – 2670 Bandwidth15 MHz TDD 150 MHz (10 MHz)

13 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika 2.6 GHz BAND PLAN OPTIONS 22/04/2015 DG POSTEL Rec ITU-R M.1036 Status Quo Option Band Segmentation Option 13

14 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika DTTB & DIGITAL DIVIDEND IN UHF-BAND Digital TV Terrestrial Broadcasting (DTTB) Planning –Fixed DTTB: DVB-T Standard (decided in 2007), Mobile TV: no mandatory standard. –Dealing with multi regulator environment (Telecommunication and Broadcasting authorities). –Must to accommodate different public policies and objectives (nationwide and local TVs, public, private and community broadcasting, etc). Digital Dividend in UHF-band –470 – 806 MHz is used for Analog TV Broadcasting (PAL standard). –806 – 890 MHz is used for Radio Trunking and CDMA cellular / FWA services –Some potential technologies identified (Additional DTTBs, Mobile Broadband, PPDR, PSME, etc). –Special opportunity to have most valuable spectrum with larger bandwidth and coverage. 22/04/2015 DG POSTEL 14

15 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika IDENTIFIED BANDS FOR IMT-ADVANCED (4G) In operation for Mobile Communication Services –450 MHz / 850 MHz Band / 1900 MHz Band (3GPP2/CDMA- based) –900 MHz Band / 1800 MHz / 2100 MHz Band (3GPP/GSM- based) Used by other services i.e. Satellite, Broadcasting Services, etc. –700 MHz Band –2500 MHz Band –3600 MHz Band 22/04/ DG POSTEL

16 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika 3. IMT-ADVANCED SPECTRUM & PROBLEMS For existing bands of Mobile Communication Services –Most of bands has no contigously large enough bandwidth available for 4G services. –Most possible band used for IMT-Advanced (assuming 20 MHz bandwidth contiguously required for IMT) is the 1.8 GHz band. However, it will need spectrum re-arrangement among operators. –Spectrum re-farming with existing services (HSPA, GSM, CDMA, etc). –Possible interference between different band plans (850 MHz and 900 MHz band plan, 1900 MHz and UMTS band plan). 22/04/ DG POSTEL

17 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika IMT-ADVANCED SPECTRUM & PROBLEMS (cont..) 2.5 / 2.6 GHz band –Sharing IMT services with Broadcasting Satellite Services / Direct to Home Satellite is very difficult. –If band segmentation option is selected, how to maintain the services of significant number of BSS/DTH subscribers. 3.5 GHz band –Part of bands used by Pay-TV DTH services. –The band is used by several Indonesian satellites. 700 MHz band / Digital Dividend –Migration Analog to Digital TV is not started yet. –How to negotiate with broadcasting industry to release analog TV spectrum in near future. 22/04/ DG POSTEL

18 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika 4. SPECTRUM LICENSING AND PRICING REFORM Before year 2005: All major spectrum licensing were granted by first come first served basis. Licenses issued based on lobbying from applicants. Sometime without proper planning. No commitment and fees based on deployment of base stations. Result: –Some of licensees did not roll out the networks, but rather waiting for “new investors...(using spectrum as its valuable asset) –Overlapping band plans of PCS-1900 and UMTS in 1900 MHz band, and 850 MHz/900 MHz between GSM and CDMA. 22/04/ DG POSTEL

19 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika SPECTRUM LICENSING AND PRICING REFORM Since year 2005: Introduction of auction of the method of spectrum licensing (Most fair, transparant, independent) Success with mobile spectrum licensing. Difficult to convince the broadcasting authorities to conduct the auctions. Method of spectrum auction was relatively simple (2nd round sealed bid auction), need to be improved. Result: –3G network roll out has been implemented very rapidly. 22/04/ DG POSTEL

20 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika SPECTRUM LICENSING AND PRICING REFORM Current and future projects : Converting existing spectrum license of mobile operators from apparatus license-based to become bandwidth license. It will significantly reduce the complexity of the licensing process. Consultation with industry to introduce cost-recovery based spectrum pricing method as well as taking into account spectrum value. Improvement of spectrum auction methods. Challenges: Need to negotiate and convince the Ministry of Finance and Parliaments that the Government Income from spectrum license fees should not be targeted each year increasingly, and should reflect the cost-recovery of spectrum management process. 22/04/ DG POSTEL

21 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika CLOSING REMARKS Most of identified spectrum for IMT-Advanced / 4G are heavily used by existing services. DG Postel would like to invite proposals, ideas, expertises of spectrum refarming strategy and issues to facilitate the implementation of the IMT-Advanced / 4G in Indonesia, taking into account the concerns of relevant parties. 22/04/ DG POSTEL

22 Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika Q & A: 22/04/2015 DG POSTEL 22


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