Presentation on theme: "Interdisciplinary Reading Pete Garcia Daniel Robison Jennifer Slater Sartartia Middle School."— Presentation transcript:
Interdisciplinary Reading Pete Garcia Daniel Robison Jennifer Slater Sartartia Middle School
Why does reading matter? "[L]iteracy is the most basic currency of the knowledge economy we're living in today. Only a few generations ago, it was okay to enter the workforce as a high school dropout who could only read at a third-grade level. Whether it was on a farm or in a factory, you could still hope to find a job that would allow you to pay the bills and raise your family.” --President Obama
Why doesn’t just the ELA teacher teach reading? Students need skills to read and comprehend content-based text. Skills needed depend on the content and text. Background knowledge and content provide an essential link between what students understand and what they read. (Prince George’s County Public Schools)Prince George’s County Public Schools
How do I teach reading? Strategy Instruction Comprehension monitoring Cooperative learning Graphic organizers Story / text structure Question answering Question generating Summarization Multiple strategies Adolescents and Literacy: Reading for the 21 st Century, Kamil
How do I teach reading? Common Reading Strategies Read, read, read Backwards Book Walk Double Entry Journals KWL Margin Notes Partner Reading QAR (Question-Answer Relationship) Read, Write, Pair, Share SQP2RS (Survey, Question, Predict, Read, Respond, Summarize) Vocabulary, vocabulary, vocabulary (Navigating the ELPS, Seidlitz)
PLAN with a Focus P redict L ocate A nnotate N ote
Predict Predict content and structure of the text before reading. Students create questions and make observations based on text title, subtitles, and graphics. How will this text add to the Focus Question?
Locate Locate on the text the known and unknown information before reading. Students place checkmarks by known information and list question marks by unknown information.
Annotate Annotate during reading. Explain unknowns and confirm known information Look for power vocabulary words and key concepts Write mini-summaries of sections Note “a-ha” moments Ask questions where confused Connect to previous knowledge Make inferences and draw conclusions
Note Take Note of new understanding. After reading, students should write a summary and answer the Focus Question.
Example of PLAN
Example of PLAN continued
Reading Strategies Resources Inspiring Teachers Reading across the Curriculum Teaching Strategies for Reading
Science – Fiction vs. Fact? "The life-enhancing potential of science and technology cannot be realized unless the public in general comes to understand science, mathematics, and technology and to acquire scientific habits of mind. Without a science-literate population, the outlook for a better world is not promising.“ -American Association for the Advancement of Science
Goals of Science Reading Increase dialogue between students Increase awareness of scientific topics in mainstream publications and/or novels Use critical thinking skills to evaluate the science concept (is it possible? now? future? constraints?) Prepare students to evaluate scientific information and research studies in the news
Fiction Novel (only first year) Students groups of 3-4 Group chooses any novel (yes, any…) Group meets once every 2 weeks, 3X total Discuss scientific references Record (video, audio, or written notes) discussion
Non-Fiction Same groups as fall semester Choose one novel from list: ◦ The Disappearing Spoon ◦ The Violinist’s Thumb ◦ Stiff ◦ This Will Change Everything ◦ The Proper Care and Feeding of Zombies ◦ The Poisoner’s Handbook
Non-Fiction No group discussions Book divided into thirds 10 question per 1/3 rd of book Questions are high-level and there are no “canned” answers Turn in through Final group project ◦ News Flash: Book Review ◦ Re-enact one appropriate scene critical to the book’s purpose (a “video” clip of the book)
Example questions The Disappearing Spoon 1. Do you agree with Kean as he asserts in the introduction of the book that “The periodic table is an anthropological marvel... the history of our species written in a compact and elegant script"? Explain why you agree or disagree. 2. Compare how Plato’s theory of “forms” for nonmathematical objects is similar to Maria Goeppert’s theory of the “magic nucleus”. Give examples of both theories in the ways they are similar. 3. Summarize the story of William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain in a paragraph. Which of the 3 was least deserving of the Nobel prize? 4. Should Mendeleev deserve the credit he gets for “discovering” the periodic table, even though other scientists had the same idea before him? Support your answer with evidence.
Historical Fiction in Social Studies Benefits: ◦ Supports student literacy. ◦ Students gain an understanding of historical events from a source other than the textbook. ◦ Presents historical events in a way that is easy for students to comprehend. ◦ History as a human and intensely personal story. ◦ Students become critical readers.
Historical Fiction in Social Studies Difficulties: ◦ Students confusing historical fiction with historical fact. ◦ Can present a narrow view of historical events.
Historical Fact vs. Historical Fiction Historical RecordHistorical Fiction
Nonfiction Reading in Social Studies Benefits: ◦ Provide a deeper and more nuanced picture of historical events. ◦ Source validity. ◦ Prepares students for AP level course work.
Nonfiction Reading in Social Studies Difficulties: ◦ Reading level can be a challenge. ◦ More detail than most students need.
What the Textbook Doesn’t Say Identify areas where the nonfiction texts provides greater depth and understanding of a historical event.