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Comprehension Strategies to Add to Your Toolbox By, Melanie Vatier & Blair Dolan.

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Presentation on theme: "Comprehension Strategies to Add to Your Toolbox By, Melanie Vatier & Blair Dolan."— Presentation transcript:

1 Comprehension Strategies to Add to Your Toolbox By, Melanie Vatier & Blair Dolan

2 What is comprehension? Text Comprehension: The ability to understand or get meaning from any type of written material. It is the reason for reading and a critical component of all content learning. Text Comprehension: The ability to understand or get meaning from any type of written material. It is the reason for reading and a critical component of all content learning.

3 Comprehension is… the thinking done before, during, and after reading. (Fountas p.323) It is not something that happens after reading. the thinking done before, during, and after reading. (Fountas p.323) It is not something that happens after reading.

4 If readers can read the words but do not understand what they are reading, they are not really reading. If readers can read the words but do not understand what they are reading, they are not really reading. Now it’s you turn to become the reader who cannot comprehend…

5 Comprehension Strategy Predicting with a Story Impression Teacher picks a fictional story and extracts key story element words/phrases Teacher picks a fictional story and extracts key story element words/phrases The students predict the story using the keywords The students predict the story using the keywords The students must use the words as they are and use the words in the order they appear in the book The students must use the words as they are and use the words in the order they appear in the book The teacher reads the story The teacher reads the story The students compare their story to the actual story The students compare their story to the actual story

6 Comprehension Strategy Thick and Thin Questions  Thick Questions are questions that…  are coming from both the book and your though process (these are usually inferential questions)  are answered in several sentences  Thin Questions are questions that…  come directly from the text (these are recall questions)  are answered in one or two words

7 Comprehension Strategy Three-Minute Pause Summarize Key Ideas Thus Far: in groups students will focus on summarizing key points (1 minute) Summarize Key Ideas Thus Far: in groups students will focus on summarizing key points (1 minute) Add Your Own Thoughts: students are connecting prior knowledge to text (1 minute) Add Your Own Thoughts: students are connecting prior knowledge to text (1 minute) Pose Clarifying Questions: students are asking questions to gain clarity (1 minute) Pose Clarifying Questions: students are asking questions to gain clarity (1 minute) (as modeled by Jay McTighe)

8 Comprehension Strategy OWL O — what you o bserve or notice O — what you o bserve or notice W — what do you w onder W — what do you w onder L — l ink it to you life L — l ink it to you lifehttp://www.readinglady.com

9 OWL O — what you o bserve H ave the kids sit in a circle. The teacher would read aloud a book then open up to a page and "observe" something. Then the teacher gives the one copy of the book to the next person and they open to a page to observe something in the book. The book travels all the way around the circle. Each child has an opportunity to share an observation.

10 OWL W — what you w onder Then the teacher passes the book around again and do the "wonder". The kids open back to the page where they shared their observation. Now they wonder about their page. The teacher models first then the kids wonder about their page. Once again, everyone has a chance.

11 OWL L — l ink it to your life Then the teacher reads aloud the book to the class. If the book is at a class reading level, the kids read for the purpose of finding a link to their life. The teacher and the kids will pass the book again and do "link" to their life.

12 Comprehension Strategy Magic Squares Vocabulary reinforcement activity that gives additional exposure to terms after reading is completed. Vocabulary reinforcement activity that gives additional exposure to terms after reading is completed. The students match key vocabulary words to their correct definitions. The students match key vocabulary words to their correct definitions. The students will record answers in magic square grid made up of boxes. The students will record answers in magic square grid made up of boxes.

13 Comprehension Strategy Magic Squares Vocabulary ListDefinition List A. capital1. Myrtle Beach B. Carolina2. state motto jessamine3. state song C. palmetto4. state stone D. “dum spiro5. designed by spero”Colonel William E. milkMoultrie F. symbols6. state tree G. shag7. state bird H. Carolina wren8. state flower I. state flag9. state drink 10. where state govt. is located The Magic11. is located on the Number =_______coast 12. state dance 13. one thing that stands for another ABC DEF GHI

14 Comprehension Strategy Magic Squares Vocabulary ListDefinition List A. capital1. Myrtle Beach B. Carolina2. state motto jessamine3. state song C. palmetto4. state stone D. “dum spiro5. designed by spero”Colonel William E. milkMoultrie F. symbols6. state tree G. shag7. state bird H. Carolina wren8. state flower I. state flag9. state drink 10. where state govt. is located The Magic11. is located on the Number = 24coast 12. state dance 13. one thing that stands for another A 10 B8B8 C6C6 D2D2 E9E9 F 13 G 12 H7H7 I5I5

15 Comprehension Strategy Thinkmark A tools for students to make quick comments, write questions, or note an interesting phrase or sentence, and mark the appropriate spot in the book A tools for students to make quick comments, write questions, or note an interesting phrase or sentence, and mark the appropriate spot in the book Students then bring the thinkmarks to a group or whole class discussion Students then bring the thinkmarks to a group or whole class discussion

16 Comprehension Strategy Thinkmark Thinkmark Name ______________________ Title _______________________ Author _____________________ Page Page PagePagePage Page Page

17 Comprehension Strategy ABC Brainstorm Students try to think of a word or phrase associated with the topic, matched to each letter of the alphabet. Students try to think of a word or phrase associated with the topic, matched to each letter of the alphabet. This can be done before or after learning a major topic This can be done before or after learning a major topichttp://www.readingquest.org

18 Your Turn! Kindergarten - Story Impression Kindergarten - Story Impression 1 st Grade – Three Minute Pause 1 st Grade – Three Minute Pause 2 nd Grade – Thick and Thin Questions 2 nd Grade – Thick and Thin Questions 3 rd Grade – Thinkmark 3 rd Grade – Thinkmark 4 th Grade – Magic Squares 4 th Grade – Magic Squares 5 th Grade – ABC Brainstorm 5 th Grade – ABC Brainstorm Special Area – OWL Special Area – OWL


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