Presentation on theme: "Critical Reading and Informational Text Virginia Arrington, MMS Kim Payne, CCMS."— Presentation transcript:
Critical Reading and Informational Text Virginia Arrington, MMS Kim Payne, CCMS
Did you Know…? Young adolescents aged 10-14 go through a period of brain development second only to the 1 st three years of life in terms of the magnitude of change. The frontal lobe of the brain which is the locus of problem solving, planning, memory, critical thinking and mood modulation develops during this stage. This area of the brain is not mature until about the age of 18. (Zehnder-Merrell, 2008)
Did you Know…? Although students in grade four score among the best in the world, by grade ten US students place close to the bottom. According to the NAEP, 70 percent of middle and high school students score below the “proficient” level in reading achievement. (All4ed.org, 2010)
Did you Know…? Roughly one third of high school graduates are not ready to succeed in an introductory level college writing course. At the nation’s four-year colleges, nearly 8 percent of all entering students are required to take at least one remedial reading course. Only about one third of them are likely to graduate within eight years. (ACT, 2006)
Did you Know…? 17 million youth between the ages of 12-17 use the internet. Close to 13 million use Instant Messaging every day. While a consistent pattern of increased television and computer use is seen between 6 th and 8 th grade, a significant drop occurs in leisure reading.
Did you Know…? About 40 percent of employers indicate they are dissatisfied with high school graduates’ ability to read and understand complicated materials, think analytically, and solve real-world problems. (Hart Research Associates, 2005)
So What…? The literacy demands that adolescents face in the 21 st Century as workers and citizens will far exceed what has been required in the past.
So What…? For secondary students, the social and economic consequences will be cumulative and profound: Failure to attain a High School diploma Barrier to higher education Underemployed or unemployed Difficulty managing personnel lives
So What…? All indicators suggest that all adolescent learners do not have the reading and writing skills necessary to maximize content area learning nor to successfully negotiate the Information Age.
The Information Age “We are surrounded by text whose primary purpose is to convey information about the natural or social world. Success in schooling, the workplace, and society depends on our ability to comprehend this material. Yet many children and adults struggle to comprehend informational text” (Duke, 2004)
Think About What challenges do your students face in regards to literacy? What are the five big ideas of reading and how are they each relevant to the adolescent classroom? Why is the use of non-fiction text important in the Information Age? What are some struggles students face when reading non-fiction text? What are comprehension strategies that can be taught with informational text? How many minutes do you teach comprehension vs. asking students questions? What brought you to the training today?
Objectives Evaluate the importance of text complexity Learn how student motivation and reading achievement are linked Synthesize new ideas into classroom practice
Think About What are 3 factors that affect a students’ ability to comprehend a written text in your content area?
What is Needed for Success? Background knowledge Language Vocabulary Fluency Motivation Strategies/Tools
A wealth of evidence shows that intensive, high-quality instruction can help struggling readers to catch up to grade level and build the skills they need to succeed in high school and beyond. (Alliance for Excellent Education, 2006)
Snowball! To test what we learned about the Common Core, each person will create 2 questions (one explicit and one implicit) Write the questions on a piece of paper Wad the paper up into a snowball Throw your snowball into the center of the room When all snowballs have landed, stand up, pick up a snowball Find one or two others (not from your table) and share your questions and work together to answer them
Evaluate Your Program “... When we walk into a nonfiction room, we know it. Nonfiction reading is messy and noisy. The classroom echoes with the “oooos,” “ahhhs,” and “oh- my-goshes,” which may come from viewing a photograph of a spewing volcano or the jaws of a great white shark. Nonfiction is the information genre, and information begs to be shared. So we need to keep in mind that independent reading of nonfiction can be a bit wild and wooly.” Stephanie Harvey, The Comprehension Toolkit
The Plan “... When we walk into a nonfiction room, we know it. Nonfiction reading is messy and noisy. The classroom echoes with the “oooos,” “ahhhs,” and “oh- my-goshes,” which may come from viewing a photograph of a spewing volcano or the jaws of a great white shark. Nonfiction is the information genre, and information begs to be shared. So we need to keep in mind that independent reading of nonfiction can be a bit wild and wooly.” Stephanie Harvey, The Comprehension Toolkit