Presentation on theme: "READING How to comprehend, retain and complete assignments better and faster."— Presentation transcript:
READING How to comprehend, retain and complete assignments better and faster
Knowing how to read can come in handy…. IT SAYS “YOU GO FIRST, DAVE.”
IN OUT HOLD
EXPOSURE I finished most (skimmed) or ALL pages of reading
Books are very $$$$* so get your worth *Average price of a year’s worth of textbooks is $900
ATTENTION I was concentrating TURN ON YOUR RADAR!
I allowed enough time to really get it
IMPORTANCE!! I decided correctly which material was worth getting
IMPORTANCE … and might show up on tests
IMPORTANCE!! I decided correctly it was worth keeping…
IMPORTANCE … and will show up on tests
TIMING I didn’t underestimate the time needed
TIMING I started early enough so I could keep enough
ORGANIZATION I was detailed enough (facts, events, statistics, names, dates, theories…)
ORGANIZATION An general enough (overviews, summaries, trends…)
not too little… “enough”: The “Goldilocks” Problem: NOT TOO MUCH… not too little…
ORGANIZATION I made connections (among text lessons, lectures and class discussion, and lab exercises…)
through TESTS PAPERS PROJECTS PRESENTATIONS class participation…
Am I getting it? Or not???!!
POSITIVE & NEGATIVE COMPREHENSION SIGNS
The following are + (positive) and x (negative) signs that you’re “getting” it:
+ If you understand why the material was assigned. syllabus
x If you can't figure out why the material was assigned or explain why it's important.
+ If you can see where the author is going.
x If you feel as if you are struggling to follow the author and can't predict what will come next.
+ If everything seems to fit and make sense – the ideas flow logically.
x If some pieces do not seem to belong-the material seems disjointed.
+ If you can make connections among ideas.
x If you can't detect relationships - the organization is not apparent.
+ If you can identify what's important.
x Nothing(!) seems important or Everything(!) seems important.
+ If you feel comfortable with and/or have some knowledge of the topic.
x If the topic is unfamiliar but the author assumes you understand it.
+ If you can express the main ideas in your own words
x If you have to reread and use the author's language to explain an idea.
+ If you can read at a regular, comfortable pace.
x If you often have to slow down or reread.
+ If you recognize most of the words or can figure them out from context.
x If many words are unfamiliar.
Finally, reading is an unusual and challenging mental activity:
Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at Cmabridge Uinervtisy, it deosn’t mttaer in what oredr the ltteers in a wrod are!
The olny imprmoetnt tihng is that the frist and lsat ltteer be in the rghit pclae.
This is bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed errvey lteter by istlef, but the wrod as a wlohe.
When your textbook is a STRUGGLE
1. Look for essential words 1. Look for essential words If you’re stuck on a paragraph, mentally cross out all the adjectives, prepositional phrases, and adverbs, and read the sentence without them. Concentrate on the significant words, usually verbs and nouns.
2. Read it aloud 2. Read it aloud Even though this slows you down to the rate of speech, it’s alive and active. Read a passage aloud several times, each time using a different inflection, emphasizing a different part of the sentence. Be loud and animated.
3. Read it again, later 3. Read it again, later If you read an assignment and are completely lost, don’t despair. After reading, leave it alone. Sleep on it. Your mind will work on those concepts while you slack off. When you return to the assignment, you should see it with fresh eyes.
4. Use an alternate text 4. Use an alternate text Read another book?!!! Well, sometimes the same concept can be understood better if you find it expressed another way. Maybe a GRE, SAT, AP or GMAT prep book in the subject would condense or explain better.
5. Hold a mini-review 5. Hold a mini-review Stop at the end of each paragraph, section or page and recite - in your own words – what you have read. Or write a short summary, possibly in the margin of the text.
6. Try to explain or teach It 6. Try to explain or teach It We often understand more than we think we do. To get in touch with this ability, pretend it's clear as a bell and explain it to yourself, your study group or some other victim. Write out your explanation as a potential essay question.
7. Stand up! 7. Stand up! Try standing when you read, especially if you get stuck on a tough passage and decide to read it aloud. Sometimes hearing the words makes them more understandable, and pacing back and forth can help to focus concentration.
8. Use your instructor 8. Use your instructor Most teachers welcome the opportunity to work individually with students, which is why they have office hours… Be very specific about your confusion. Point out the paragraphs that you found toughest to understand
9. Find a tutor 9. Find a tutor CUA peer tutors are students who were in your position not long ago and might even have had your professor and/or your text. Tutors can give you a first-hand approach to a course and look at your situation from a student perspective.