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Wordly Wise 3000, Book 9 Unit 18 Random House Webster’s Unabridged Electronic Dictionary © 1996.

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Presentation on theme: "Wordly Wise 3000, Book 9 Unit 18 Random House Webster’s Unabridged Electronic Dictionary © 1996."— Presentation transcript:

1 Wordly Wise 3000, Book 9 Unit 18 Random House Webster’s Unabridged Electronic Dictionary © 1996

2 a·bor·tive adj. 1. failing to succeed; unsuccessful: an abortive rebellion; an abortive scheme. 2. born prematurely. 3. imperfectly developed; rudimentary. 4. Med. a. producing or intended to produce abortion; abortifacient. b. acting to halt progress of a disease. 5. Pathol. (of the course of a disease) short and mild without the usual, pronounced clinical symptoms. 6. Bot. (of seeds or pollen grains) imperfect; unable to germinate. [1300–50; ME < L abortvus. See ABORT, -IVE]

3 ar·ro·gate v.t., -gat·ed, -gat·ing. 1. to claim unwarrantably or presumptuously; assume or appropriate to oneself without right: to arrogate the right to make decisions. 2. to attribute or assign to another; ascribe [in an unwarranted manner]. [1530–40; < L arrog€tus appropriated, assumed, questioned (ptp. of arrog€re), equiv. to arrog- (ar- AR- + rog(€re) to ask, propose) + -€tus -ATE1]

4 ca·dav·er n. a dead body, esp. a human body to be dissected; corpse. [1350–1400; ME < L cad€ver dead body, corpse; akin to cadere to fall, perish (see DECAY, CHANCE)]

5 ce·re·bral adj. 1.Anat., Zool. of or pertaining to the cerebrum or the brain. 2.betraying or characterized by the use of the intellect rather than intuition or instinct: His is a cerebral music that leaves many people cold. 3. Phonet. retroflex (def. 2). 4. —n. Phonet. a cerebral sound. [1795–1805; < NL cerebr€lis. See CEREBRUM, -AL1]

6 co·ma n., pl. -mas. a state of prolonged unconsciousness, including a lack of response to stimuli, from which it is impossible to rouse a person. [1640–50; < Gk kôma deep sleep]

7 con·san·guin·i·ty n. 1. relationship by descent from a common ancestor; kinship (distinguished from affinity). 2. close relationship or connection. [1350–1400; ME consanguinite (< AF) < L consanguinit€s. See CONSANGUINEOUS, -ITY]

8 ghoul n. 1. an evil demon, originally of Oriental legend, supposed to feed on human beings, and especially to rob graves, prey on corpses, etc. 2. a grave robber. 3. a person who revels in what is revolting. [1780–90; < Ar ghl]

9 in·fringe v., 1. —v.t. to commit a breach or infraction of; violate or transgress: to infringe a copyright; to infringe a rule. 2. —v.i. to encroach or trespass (usually fol. by on or upon): Don't infringe on his privacy. [1525–35; < L infringere to break, weaken, equiv. to in- IN-2 + -fringere, comb. form of frangere to BREAK]

10 las·si·tude n. 1.weariness of body or mind from strain, oppressive climate, etc.; lack of energy; listlessness; languor. 2.a condition of indolent indifference: the pleasant lassitude of the warm summer afternoon. [1525–35; < L lassitdŽ weariness, equiv. to lass(us) weary + -i- -I- + -tdŽ -TUDE]

11 na·dir n. 1. Astron. the point on the celestial sphere directly beneath a given position or observer and diametrically opposite the zenith. 2. Astrol. the point of a horoscope opposite the midheaven: the cusp of the fourth house. 3. the lowest point; point of greatest adversity or despair. [1350–1400; ME Î Ar na´r over against, opposite to (the zenith)]

12 nup·tial 1. — adj. of or pertaining to marriage or the marriage ceremony: the nuptial day; nuptial vows. 2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of mating or the mating season of animals: nuptial behavior. 3. —n. Usually, nuptials. a wedding or marriage. [1480–90; (MF) < L nupti€lis, equiv. to nupti(ae) marriage, wedding, deriv. of nubre to marry (of a woman); cf. NUBILE]

13 o·nus n., pl. o·nus·es. 1.a difficult or disagreeable obligation, task, burden, etc. 2.burden of proof. Cf. onus probandi. 3.blame or responsibility. [1630–40; < L: load, burden]

14 pro·to·col n. 1. the customs and regulations dealing with diplomatic formality, precedence, and etiquette. 2.an original draft from which a document, esp. a treaty, is prepared. 3.a supplementary international agreement. 4.an agreement between states. 5.an annex to a treaty giving data relating to it. 6. Med. the plan for carrying out a scientific study or a patient's treatment regimen. 7.Computers. a set of rules governing the format of messages that are exchanged between computers. 8.Philos. a statement reporting an observation or experience in the most fundamental terms without interpretation —v.i. to draft or issue a protocol. [1535–45; earlier protocoll < ML prŽtocollum < LGk prŽtókollon orig., a leaf or tag attached to a rolled papyrus manuscript and containing notes as to contents. See PROTO -, COLLOID ]

15 re·frac·to·ry adj., n., pl. -ries. —adj. 1. hard or impossible to manage; stubbornly disobedient: a refractory child. 2. resisting ordinary methods of treatment. 3. difficult to fuse, reduce, or work, as an ore or metal. 4. —n. a material having the ability to retain its physical shape and chemical identity when subjected to high temperatures. 5. —n. refractories, bricks of various shapes used in lining furnaces. [1600–10; var. of refractary (by analogy with adjectives in - ORY1) < L refr€ct€rius stubborn, obstinate, equiv. to refr€ct(us) (see REFRACT) + -€rius -ARY]

16 san·guine adj. 1.cheerfully optimistic, hopeful, or confident: a sanguine disposition; sanguine expectations. 2.reddish; ruddy: a sanguine complexion. 3.(in old physiology) having blood as the predominating humor and consequently being ruddy-faced, cheerful, etc. 4.bloody; sanguinary. 5.blood-red; red. 6.Heraldry. a reddish-purple tincture. 7. —n. a red iron-oxide crayon used in making drawings. [1275–1325; ME sanguyne a blood-red cloth < OF sanguin < L sanguineus bloody, equiv. to sanguin-, s. of sanguis blood + -eus -EOUS]

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18 18 Write excellent sentences for… (2 points each for clearly showing the meaning, correct usage, correct spelling and grammar)


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