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An Analysis on Cytology Diagnoses of the Effusion An Analysis on Cytology Diagnoses of the Effusion using LBC Technology using LBC Technology Jong Yull.

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Presentation on theme: "An Analysis on Cytology Diagnoses of the Effusion An Analysis on Cytology Diagnoses of the Effusion using LBC Technology using LBC Technology Jong Yull."— Presentation transcript:

1 An Analysis on Cytology Diagnoses of the Effusion An Analysis on Cytology Diagnoses of the Effusion using LBC Technology using LBC Technology Jong Yull Kim, Prof.,PMIAC Eulji University Cellntech Bio.,Co.,Research Institute Zhanar Yeleubayeva, MD.,MIAC 1

2 Kinds of Effusion using LBC Technology  Pleural fluid  Ascitic fluid  Cardiac fluid  Synovial fluid 2

3 Specimen shows varied and different kinds of features of solutions 3

4 Conventional methods are considered as difficult to effectively smear -Bloody effusion -Mucous effusion -Clear effusion 4

5 Conventional methods are sometimes causing false negative and false positive. Bloody smearDirty background & overlaping Degeneration 5

6 Main purpose of LBC technology -Thin smear -Clean background -Less degeneration than conventional method use specially-designated equipment for smear. specially-designated filtering membrane. specially-designated reagent solution. 6

7 Process for specimen of effusion Step 1. Sampling from patient by physician Step 2. Transfer to cytopathologic laboratory - Effusion derived from patients should immediately be transferred to cytology rooms to prevent cellular degeneration -Cellular degeneration starts 30 minutes after sampling of effusion -More delay means increased intensity of degeneration -We should prepare the sample immediately to block cellular degeneration in labs 7

8 Step 3. Classify specimen according to feature of effusion for pre-treatment 8

9 Step 4. Treatment of specimen according to feature of effusion 1.In case of non-bloody effusion & clear effusion (generally common method : non-treatment of background) - after centrifuge at 1500~2500 rpm / 5 mins - move sediment to preserve solution - smear cells on slide by divice - staining 9

10 2. In case of bloody effusion - centrifuge - add “hemolysin” solution for hemolysis - centrifuge - move sediment to preserve solution - smear cells on slide by divice - staining 10

11 3. In case of mucous effusion - centrifuge - add “mucosin” solution for discarding mucus - moving sediment to preserve solution - smearing cells on slide by device - pap staining 11

12 Increasing diagnostic rate Percentage of increasing diagnostic rate More than mean 22% of diagnoses among the each inadequate specimen are diagnosed to sufficient specimen as either benign or malignant Percentage of increasing diagnostic rate Among the Inadequate specimen Blood MucusClear 24%19%21% Percentage Source: Cellnatech bio, research institute. Inadequate diagnosis LBC con LBC con 12

13 In conclusion 1. Slide smear using the LBC technologies have advantages compared to two conventional methods. - The strengths follow: Eliminating backgrounds around diagnostic cells effectively makes easy microscopic work. -As LBC technology enables to manufacture thin smear, a deep and thorough reviews of morphological features in diagnostic cells are guaranteed. -As the LBC technology enables to allow samples to have proper substance of background, identification for details of malignant cells like mucus producing adenocarcinoma and signet ring cell type adenocarcinoma is useful. 2. Based on different status of specimen, - the LBC technology could produce a series of slides. Meanwhile, re-examination and special stain are also posible. -As diagnostic cells exit in a slide by forming groups, it's also possible to find the origin of malignant details in metastasis. 13

14 Diagnosis 14

15 Body Cavity: potential space lined by mesothelium Mesothelium : Single layer of mesothelial cells Supporting vascular connective tissue 15

16 Condition with Neutrophils in effusion (Abscess) dirty background with neutrophilsclean background with neutrophils 16

17 Condition with RBC In Effusion (Traumatic hemorrhage) bloody background with lymphocytesclean background with lymphocytes 17

18 Condition with Eosinophils in Effusion (parasitic infestation) portein background with Eosinophilsclean background with Eosinophils 18

19 Parasitic Infestation Parasitic Ova with Inflammatory and necrotic debris Parasitic Ova with clean background 19

20 Tuberculous Effusion (Caseous necrosis) amorphous necrotic materials with lymphoid small particle. “Caseous necrosis” 20

21 Lymphocytes & epithelioid cells Low power feature 21

22 Langhans giant multinucleated histiocyte 22

23 Rheumatoid Arthritis Elongated histiocytes(carrot cells) Macrophages Amorphous proteinaceous debris 23

24 Multinucleated giant cells(MGH) Abundant clumps of granular debris Monolobular or polylobular neutrophils (degenerating neutrophils) 24

25 Systemic Lupus Erythematosus LE cells ; enlarged neutrophil nucleus + pink to purplish amorphous round intracytoplasmic mass Degenerating cells(atypical plasmacytoid cells) Nuclear debris 25

26 Mesothelial Reaction dirty background and degenerative change of mesothelial cells clean background and well preserved chromatin pattern. 26

27 Malignant mesothelioma & Mesothelial reaction many mesothelial cells with thick cytoplasm We can find different morphology of nuclear between both slides 27

28 Pseudomyxoma peritonei Viscous and thick mucinous material Benign looking columnar cells Well-differentiated columnar and over distended by large mucinous containing vacuoles 28

29 Serous cystadenocarcinoma of ovary dirty background and degenerated malignant cluster clean background and well preserved malignant cluster Papillary or rosette formation Often intracytoplasmic large vacuoles 29

30 Mucious cystadenocarcinoma of Ovary Gray to deep purple colored mucus & abundant, well defined cytoplasm Irregular shape in nuclear border with coarse chromatin, large & bizarre nucleoli 30

31 Cellular group Glandular structure Indibidual pattern Similar histiocyte Eccentric nucleus Macronucleoli Individual cells Signetic ring cell type adenocarcinoma from stomach mucicarmine Stain positive intracytoplasmic mucus in signet ring cell carcinoma. Pap stain. Macronucleoi & eccentric nucleus 31

32 Signetic ring cell type adenocarcinoma from stomach dirty background with degenerated cancer cells clean background with well preserved cancer cells 32

33 Metastatic Adenocarcinoma From colon Tall columnar, multi-layer, tubular formation Necrotic tumor cells with necrotic background 33

34 Adenoid cystic carcinoma Refractive spherules have three-dimensional cancer cells with benign looking. 34

35 Giemsa stain pattern as intracystic pinkish materials Pap stain pattern as refractive three-dimensional appearance 35

36 Ductal carcinoma, metastatic cannibalism in Ductal carcinoma, metastatic. structure of ball form in Ductal carcinoma, metastatic 36

37 Mucinous carcinoma from Breast so much mucus background small amount of mucus background 37

38 Breast-Lobular carcinoma String of small mlignant cells with internuclear space. We called it as “Indian file appearance”. 38

39 Lobular ca. vs. Small cell ca. indian file appearance with internclear spaces. indian file appearance with scanty or abscent internclear spaces 3939

40 Small cell carcinoma Pap stain pattern including nuclear moulding & scanty cytoplasm Giemsa stain pattern including nuclear moulding & scanty cytoplasm 40

41 Small cell carcinoma, metastatic clustes of small cell carcinoma, metastatic. compact & tight clusters with scanty cytoplasm are remarkable. 41

42 Large cell carcinoma, metastatic marked nuclear pleomorphism & nuclear nippling in large cytoplasm. 42

43 Squamous cell carcinma, metastatic necrotic background with degenerated cancer cells well preserved cancer cells with small amount of necrosis 43

44 Lymphocytes vs. Malignant lymphoma (Body fluid) mature lymphocytes including some pseudofiber cells of lymphoma including open chromatin & nucleoli 44

45 Hodgkin’s lymphoma Reed-Sternberg cell Single prominent nucleoli Variable amounts of immature lymphocytes and plasma cells in background 45

46 Plasmocytoma Dysplastic plasma cell(myelocytes) with accentric nucleus including macronucleoli in Pap Dysplastic plasma cell(myelocytes) with accentric nucleus including intracytoplasmic clear zone in Giemsa 46

47 Malignant melanoma Singly scattered or occa. In groups Finely granular brown or black melanin pigments Round-oval nuclei, central or eccentric nuclei Prominent nucleoli, often bizarre forms Malignant melanoma 47

48 Thank you


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