Presentation on theme: "The Mauryan Empire and King Ashoka"— Presentation transcript:
1The Mauryan Empire and King Ashoka 322 B.C.E. to 187 B.C.E.A classic example of Mauryan architecture
2India Before the Mauryans: Many small kingdoms, many of which were poorly runDiverse groups of people with little to unify themEnter Chandragupta Maurya:Uses an army of 700,000 soldiers and 9,000 elephants tooverthrow the rulers of the northern kingdoms and unifythe vast lands of IndiaChandragupta kept his Indian Empire united using whatever means he could:a. Powerful armyb. Network of spiesc. TortureBut he did do many things to strengthen his empire that didn’t involve force:a. Created a strong central governmentb. Wrote lawsc. Made sure farmers had water for their cropsd. Built a royal road of over 1000 miles long to connect the empire
3Chandragupta gave up his power towards the end of his life a. Became an asceticb. Lived in povertyc. Travelled with monksBy the time Chandragupta’s grandson, King (Emperor) Ashoka took power, the land in the Empire included nearly all of the Indian subcontinent
4King Ashoka’s Rule:- Mauryan Empire reaches its height – 269 to 232 B.C.E.- expands empire South and East through bloody wars AND then has a change of heart- he decides to embrace Buddhism!a. Embraces love, peace and nonviolenceb. Gives up hunting and becomes a vegetarianc. Gave up wars of conquestd. Encouraged his people to be Buddhists tooe. Saw himself as a wise and loving father figuref. Sends his son to spread Buddhism to what is now modern day Sri Lanka
5But…a. He still allowed slaveryb. Still allowed for executions for serious crimesc. Still kept a strong armyd. While he gave up conquest, he didn’t return already conquered lands back to people
6The Edicts of Ashoka:(carved into walls, pillars, and rocks in public places to serve as reminders for people)Four Main Goals:Promote Buddhist Values: act morally, be respectful, don’t get attached to worldly thingsGeneral Welfare: have good health, shelter, clean water and enough foodJustice: fair laws, how people were treated in court and in jailSecurity: addressed peace and conquest – how to deal with people outside of the Mauryan EmpireHis Empire only lasted 45 years after his death, but his spread of Buddhism lasted forever!