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Chapter 7 Section 5. Conditions in Russia  Rigid social structure Landowning nobles Very small middle class Majority of Russians are serfs  Tsar ruled.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7 Section 5. Conditions in Russia  Rigid social structure Landowning nobles Very small middle class Majority of Russians are serfs  Tsar ruled."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 7 Section 5

2 Conditions in Russia  Rigid social structure Landowning nobles Very small middle class Majority of Russians are serfs  Tsar ruled with absolute power

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4 Crimean War  Russia attacks Ottoman Empire Tries to get land along Black Sea  Britain and France help Ottomans defeat Russia  War shows Russia’s weakness

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6 Freeing the Serfs  Alexander II issues emancipation of all serfs

7 Freeing the Serfs  Alexander II issues emancipation of all serfs  Former serfs had to buy land

8 Freeing the Serfs  Alexander II issues emancipation of all serfs  Former serfs had to buy land  Peasants did not have money  Lands were too small to be useful

9 Freeing the Serfs  Alexander II issues emancipation of all serfs  Former serfs had to buy land  Peasants did not have money  Lands were too small to be useful  Peasants remained poor

10 Freeing the Serfs  Alexander II issues emancipation of all serfs  Former serfs had to buy land  Peasants did not have money  Lands were too small to be useful  Peasants remained poor  Many peasants moved to the cities

11 Introducing Other Reforms  Established local governments  Trial by jury  Eased censorship  Reduced military service requirements

12 Revolutionary Currents  Revolutionaries still wanted more  March 13, 1881 – Alexander II is assassinated

13  Church of the Savior on Blood Built by Alexander III

14 Monuments to Alexander II

15 Previewing Question  How do you think Alexander III responded?

16 Alexander III  Repealed many reforms Increased secret police Restored strict censorship Exiled critics to Siberia Persecuted all non- Russians

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18 Persecution and Pogroms  Persecution of Jews increased Limited number of Jews able to go to universities and work in certain jobs  Pogroms Violent mob attacks on Jewish people  Refugees People who flee homeland

19 Pogroms

20 Drive to Industrialize  Nicholas II urges industrialization  Builds Trans-Siberian railroad  Nobles and peasants feared change and opposed industrialization  Living conditions deteriorated Socialist ideas spread through slums

21 Trans-Siberian Railway

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23 Russo-Japanese War  Russia is defeated by Japan  Largest country in the world defeated by an island  Russia is humiliated

24 Question  How do you think the Russian people felt about industrialization and the Tsar after the Russo-Japanese War?

25 Bloody Sunday – January 22, 1905  People are outraged over news of defeat  Marchers assembled outside Winter Palace (Peaceful) Tsar was scared and fled  Soldiers open fire on masses

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27 Check for Understanding  What effect might Bloody Sunday have on the relationship between the Tsar and the people?

28 Check for Understanding  What effect might Bloody Sunday have on the relationship between the Tsar and the people? Bloody Sunday killed the people’s faith and trust in the Tsar

29 Revolution of 1905  Russia broke out into revolution  Nicholas II created the Duma Elected national legislature  Nicholas would be last Tsar


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