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Causes of the Russian Revolution Please fill out the graphic organizer template on the side board.

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Presentation on theme: "Causes of the Russian Revolution Please fill out the graphic organizer template on the side board."— Presentation transcript:

1 Causes of the Russian Revolution Please fill out the graphic organizer template on the side board.

2 Causes of the Russian Revolution CZARS UNREST EVENTS RUSSIAN REVOLUTION COMMUNISIM

3 Setting the stage The Russian Revolution was like a firecracker with a very long fuse. The explosion came in 1917, yet the fuse had been burning for nearly a century. The cruel, oppressive rule of most 18 th century czars caused widespread social unrest for decades. Army officers revolted in Secret revolutionary groups plotted to overthrow the government. In 1881, revolutionaries angry over the slow pace of political change assassinated the reform-minded czar, Alexander II. Russia was heading toward a full-scale revolution.The Russian Revolution was like a firecracker with a very long fuse. The explosion came in 1917, yet the fuse had been burning for nearly a century. The cruel, oppressive rule of most 18 th century czars caused widespread social unrest for decades. Army officers revolted in Secret revolutionary groups plotted to overthrow the government. In 1881, revolutionaries angry over the slow pace of political change assassinated the reform-minded czar, Alexander II. Russia was heading toward a full-scale revolution.

4 A history of bad leadership After the assassination of his father, Alexander III came to power in 1881 and kept an autocracy – a form of government in which he had absolute controlAfter the assassination of his father, Alexander III came to power in 1881 and kept an autocracy – a form of government in which he had absolute control CensorshipCensorship Secret police monitored high schools and universities; teachers had to send detailed reports on studentsSecret police monitored high schools and universities; teachers had to send detailed reports on students Oppressed all non-RussiansOppressed all non-Russians Forbade an language other than RussianForbade an language other than Russian Forbade any religion other than Russian OrthodoxyForbade any religion other than Russian Orthodoxy All violators were labeled dangerous or sent to SiberiaAll violators were labeled dangerous or sent to Siberia

5 Czar Alexander III

6 Czar Nicholas II Alexander III’s son, came to power in 1894Alexander III’s son, came to power in 1894 Continued the tradition of autocratic rule in RussiaContinued the tradition of autocratic rule in Russia Poor leader, was more or less blind sided when the revolution happenedPoor leader, was more or less blind sided when the revolution happened

7 Czar Nicholas II

8 Under the title “Czars” write this: Czar Nicolas II – last King of RussiaCzar Nicolas II – last King of Russia Unfit and unpopular leaderUnfit and unpopular leader Ignored needs of Russian workers and peasantsIgnored needs of Russian workers and peasants

9 Russia Industrializes Russia quickly became an industrialized nationRussia quickly became an industrialized nation The number of factories doubled between 1863 and 1900The number of factories doubled between 1863 and 1900 Russia became the world’s fourth-ranking producer of steelRussia became the world’s fourth-ranking producer of steel But Russia still lagged behind most European nationsBut Russia still lagged behind most European nations

10 Industrialization Fuels Revolution With rapid industrialization came many problemsWith rapid industrialization came many problems Grueling working conditionsGrueling working conditions Low wagesLow wages Child laborChild labor Government outlawed trade unionsGovernment outlawed trade unions Workers began to organize strikesWorkers began to organize strikes Unhappy Russians started to organize (these people supported Marxist ideas) and two parties emergedUnhappy Russians started to organize (these people supported Marxist ideas) and two parties emerged Bolsheviks (radical)Bolsheviks (radical) Mensheviks (moderate)Mensheviks (moderate)

11 Under the title “Social unrest” write: Lack of workLack of work Lack of foodLack of food Lack of advancement – fell behind the rest of the world and crippled economyLack of advancement – fell behind the rest of the world and crippled economy

12 Crises at home and abroad Russo-Japanese WarRusso-Japanese War War between Russia and Japan over territories in Korea and Manchuria (region in China)War between Russia and Japan over territories in Korea and Manchuria (region in China) Russia fully expected to win the war, but was repeatedly hammered by the JapaneseRussia fully expected to win the war, but was repeatedly hammered by the Japanese Ended with the Treaty of PortsmouthEnded with the Treaty of Portsmouth Russia gave up Manchuria and KoreaRussia gave up Manchuria and Korea Weakened the Russian EmpireWeakened the Russian Empire

13 Bloody SundayBloody Sunday January 22, 1905January 22, ,000 workers and their families approached the czar’s Winter Palace asking for better working conditions and the czar’s generals ordered soldiers to fire into the crowd wounding 1000s and killing 100s200,000 workers and their families approached the czar’s Winter Palace asking for better working conditions and the czar’s generals ordered soldiers to fire into the crowd wounding 1000s and killing 100s

14

15 WWIWWI Czar Nicholas II made the decision to get involved with WWICzar Nicholas II made the decision to get involved with WWI Russia was not prepared for war in any way, shape or form and the Germans inflicted heavy casualtiesRussia was not prepared for war in any way, shape or form and the Germans inflicted heavy casualties Russo-Japanese War and WWI revealed the weaknesses of the czar’s rile and military leadershipRusso-Japanese War and WWI revealed the weaknesses of the czar’s rile and military leadership

16 Under the title “key events” write this: Russo-Japanese War – lost money, territory and powerRusso-Japanese War – lost money, territory and power Bloody Sunday – sparked waves of violence against the governmentBloody Sunday – sparked waves of violence against the government WWI – heavy lossesWWI – heavy losses


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