2UMAR bin Al-KHATTAB (RA) (6th year of Prophet hood) The Conversion ofUMAR bin Al-KHATTAB (RA)(6th year of Prophet hood)
3Conversion of Umar (RA) Man of courage and determination.Feared and respected in Makkah.Bitter opponent of Islam.Secretly he admired the stamina of the Muslims and their persistent dedication to their faith.Prophet made dua for him
4Conversion of Umar (RA) One day he set out with a sword in his hand with the intention to kill the Prophet, but somebody told him that his own sister had accepted Islam.He went straight to his sister, Fatima’s house and heard Khabbab bin Aratt (ra) reciting surah TA’ HA.They hid the mushaf when they heard Umar approaching.
5After beating his brother-in-law and sister fiercely, he asked them to show what they were reading. Once he read the Quran, he went straight to Prophet and embraced Islam.
6Conversion of Umar (ra) was a real triumph for the cause of Islam. Muslims started worshipping openly in and around the Ka’abah.
7Bargaining or negotiating with Prophet and his uncle MockeryInsulting and harming the Messenger (saw)Accusations or character assassinationsDeforming or defaming the messageBargaining or negotiating with Prophet and his uncleTemptationsSetting challengesPutting him under pressureShowing disgust and hatredPersecutionAssassination attempts
8Quraish’s negotiations with the messenger Utbah bin rabiah approached the Prophet and offered a bargain to him that if he stopped proclaiming his new faith, they would give him:As much money and riches as he wantedKingship of QuraishBest physician to cure, if he was under any spell
9Another kind of negotiation They were willing to give up some of their faith, requesting him to leave some of his.Allah revealed:قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ2. لَا أَعْبُدُ مَا تَعْبُدُونَ3. وَلَا أَنْتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ4. وَلَا أَنَا عَابِدٌ مَا عَبَدْتُمْ5. وَلَا أَنْتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ6. لَكُمْ دِينُكُمْ وَلِيَ دِينِ
10Abu Talib assembles his family Abu Talib exhorted Banu Hashim and Banu Muttalib to protect the Prophet.All of them whether believers or non believers, responded positively and took oath to protect the Prophet, except Abu Lahab who sided with the idolaters.
11General Social Boycott From the 7th year of Prophet hood till the 10th year
12A pact of Injustice and Aggression Quraish formed an evil confederation.They took an oath to boycott Banu Hashim and Banu Al-Muttalib until the Prophet was given up to them to be killed.They made a written covenant and put that on a wall, inside Ka’abah.
13Three years of great hardship Abu Talib took Banu Hashim and Banu Muttalib and confined them within a narrow pass (shi’b of Abu Talib).The supply of food was almost stopped.They had to eat tree leaves and animal skins.
14Three years of great hardship Cries of little children, suffering from hunger, could be heard clearly.Prophet did not stop preaching even in such harsh conditions.
15Dissolution of the pact Hisham bin Amr initiated and gathered a small group of five people, who were also grieving at the sad situation of Banu Hashim and Banu Muttalib, near Kaabah to abolish the pact.They demanded Quraish to tear the pact.Abu Jahl argued with them and said that it would not be torn until the Prophet was handed over to be killed.
16Dissolution of the pact Mean while Abu Talib came and said that a revelation had been sent to his nephew that the ants had already eaten the pact.Later they all discovered that to be true and so the pact was dissolved and people were permitted to leave Shi’b Abi talib and go home.
17The tenth year of the Prophet hood The Year of GriefThe tenth year of the Prophet hood
18Six months after leaving the confinement of Shi’b abi talib, Prophet’s dearest uncle fell ill and died.Only two or three months after the death of his uncle, his beloved wife Khadija (ra) passed away as well.