Presentation on theme: "Lyric Poetry. Genre ◦ A classification or category of a literary form Dramatic poem ◦ Involves more than one speaker Narrative poem ◦ Tells a complete."— Presentation transcript:
Genre ◦ A classification or category of a literary form Dramatic poem ◦ Involves more than one speaker Narrative poem ◦ Tells a complete story Lyric poem ◦ Expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker ◦ Presents an experience or single effect (does not tell a full story) ◦ (orig.) A song accompanied by a lyre
Speaker ◦ Who is the voice of the poem—the character who tells the poem? Subject (story) ◦ What is the speaker telling about—what’s going on in this poem? (where? When? What?—if supplied) Tone ◦ What is the speaker’s attitude about the subject/story? Mood ◦ What is the poem’s atmosphere—what the audience feels? Theme ◦ What message about life, about the human experience, does the poem present?
Elegy ◦ A solemn and formal lyric poem about death ◦ Mourns the passing away of an individual person or reflects on a tragic theme, such as the passing of youth, beauty, or a way of life ◦ (adj.) elegaic Planctus ◦ Medieval literary genre ◦ Means “complaint” ◦ Distinguished from elegy— Fictional speaker Mourns a loss other than death
Exile: separation or banishment from one’s native country, region, or home ◦ Expressed with memorable sadness and pain ◦ Wraecca—wretch, stranger, unhappy man, and wanderer Allegiance: pledging loyalty to a particular lord or king (hlaford –“lord”) ◦ Source of sustenance (hlafweard—“guardian of the loaf”) ◦ Dispenser of wealth ◦ Guarantor of the security of his followers in a dangerous and uncertain world Longing for home and comfort ◦ Mead hall ◦ The lord and his followers shared the warmth of a fire, the comfort of food and drink (mead), and the pleasures of recited poetry (scops)
Kenning ◦ An appositive phrase (renames something or someone) ◦ Often a colorful metaphor ◦ Examples: The ocean, “the whale’s home” “Beowulf,/A prince of the Geats” Grendel, “shepherd of evil, guardian of crime”
Caesura ◦ A natural break/mid-line pause in the middle of a line of Anglo-Saxon poetry ◦ Divides each four-stress line in half ◦ Essential to the rhythm (meter) of the poem ◦ Example: ... My feet were cast In icy bands, bound with frost With frozen chains, and hardship groaned Around my heart. Hunger tore At my sea-weary soul.
Alliteration ◦ Repetition of initial consonant sounds ◦ Examples: “I feel my fate in what I cannot fear.” “This tale is true, and mine. It tells...” ◦ Anglo-Saxon convention (tradition) is to use alliteration with a heavy hand (a bit overused)