Presentation on theme: "Company LOGO www.company.com INTERNATIONAL COMPENSATION POLICIES Managing an Supporting International Assignments – Chapter 6."— Presentation transcript:
Company LOGO INTERNATIONAL COMPENSATION POLICIES Managing an Supporting International Assignments – Chapter 6
Company LOGO KEY COMPONENTS OF AN INTERNATIONAL COMPENSATION PROGRAM Managing an Supporting International Assignments – Chapter 6
Company LOGO Base Salary Serves as benchmark for primary components of package – foreign service premium, cost- of-living, housing allowance Basis for in-service benefits and pension contributions May be paid in home or local currency
Company LOGO Foreign Service Inducement/Hardship Premium Salary premium as an inducement or as Compensation for any hardship caused by transfer More commonly paid to TCNs than PCNs Made in the form of percentage of salary (5- 40% of base pay) Differentials are considered (eg. Host country work week and hence over time)
Company LOGO Allowances Cost of Living Allowance –Difference on expenditure between home and foreign country –Help of specialized organizations like ‘Organization Resource Counsellors’ –Includes Payment of housing, utilities, personal income tax etc.
Company LOGO Allowances Housing Allowance –To enable maintenance of home country living standards –Company provided houses, fixed HRA –Assistance in sale or leasing of residence, payment of closing costs, rent protection, equity protection etc.
Company LOGO Allowances Home Leave Allowance (one or more trips to back home to prevent adjustment problems) Education Allowance (language tuition,children education) Relocation Allowance ( moving, shipping, temporary living, purchase of car etc. Spouse assistance (an allowance to make up for the spouse’s lost income)
Company LOGO Benefits Maintaining expatriates in home country programs in case of no tax deductions Option of enrolling expatriates in host country benefits and/or making up for any difference Home country v/s Host country social security benefits
Company LOGO APPROACHES TO INTERNATIONAL COMPENSATION Managing an Supporting International Assignments – Chapter 6
Company LOGO The Going Rate Approach Based on Local Market Rates Relies on Survey Comparisons among: –Local nationals (HCNs) –Expatriates of same nationality –Expatriates of all nationalities Compensation based on the selected survey comparison Additional Payments for low-pay countires
Company LOGO Balance Sheet Approach Most common system used by multinational firms Objective: maintenance of home country living standard + financial inducement Focus on home country pay and benefits Adjustments to balance additional expenditure in host country Financial incentives(expatriate/hardship premium) added to make package attractive
Company LOGO Balance Sheet Approach Major categories of outlays –Goods and Services : home country outlays for food, personal care, clothing, household furnishings, recreation, transportation, medical care –Housing : cost associated in host country –Income taxes: parent country and host country income taxes –Reserve: contribution to savings, payments for benefits, pension contributions, investments, education expenses, social security taxes etc.
Company LOGO Taxation Problems, Issues and Challenges –Dual tax cost : Expatriates paying taxes in both home and host country. –Need to consider personal and corporate taxes in addition to income tax –Modifying compensation packages to provide the most tax-effective, appropriate rewards within the overall compensation framework
Company LOGO Taxation Issues while considering benefits –Whether or not to maintain expatriates in home country programs, particularly if the company does not receive tax deduction for it –Whether companies have the option of enrolling expatriates in host-country benefit programs and /or making up any difference in coverage –Whether host-country legislation regarding termination affects benefit entitlement
Company LOGO Taxation Issues while considering benefits –Whether expatriates should receive home country or host country social security benefits –Whether benefits should be maintained on home country or host country basis, who is responsible for the cost, whether other benefits should be used to offset any shortfall and whether home country benefit programs should be exported to local nationals in foreign countries
Company LOGO Approaches to International Taxation Tax equalization –Firms withhold an amount equal to home country tax obligation, and pay all taxes in the host country –By far the more common taxation policy used by multinationals –Tax payments equal to liability of home country tax payer with same income and family status are imposed on employee’s salary and bonus –Additional premiums or allowances are paid tax free
Company LOGO Approaches to International Taxation Tax protection –Employee pays up to the amount of taxes he or she would pay on compensation in the home country –Employee is entitled to any windfall received if total taxes are less in the host country than in the home country Ad-hoc –Each expatriate handled differently, depending upon individual package agreed to with the firm Laissez Faire –Employees are ‘on their own’ in conforming to host-country and home country taxation laws and practices
Company LOGO International living costs data Obtaining upto-date information on international living costs is a constant issue for MNEs The MNEs take the services of consulting firms These firms conduct regular surveys calculating a cost-of-living index that is updated in terms of currency exchange rates This data is a very important issue to expatriate employees and forms the basis of many complaints if there are updating lags on compensation package rise
Company LOGO International living costs data MNEs must also respond to unexpected events such as currency and stock market crash. For eg (Asian crisis) Such events have a dramatic impact on prices and the cost of living MNEs must also decide what to include in the ‘basket-of-goods’ which the consulting firms use to decide the living costs
Company LOGO Tentative Conclusions: Patterns in complexity Universal Pay Level Local Firm Nation Group Job Person