Presentation on theme: "The McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Act"— Presentation transcript:
1 The McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Act Effective Education Regarding Homeless Children and Youth in TennesseeShelby County SchoolsPresentation Materials and Equipment:McKinney-Vento Red PacketsAct 114 Vermont LawParent and Youth Posters/HandoutsReferral FormsPrinted copies of the power point presentationAdditional materials…post-it notes, post-it flip chart, markers, pens, easel if neededComputer and digital projector
2 What Is the McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Act? The McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Act was created to address the problems that homeless children and youth have faced in enrolling, attending, and succeeding in school.Under this program, State Educational Agencies (SEA) must ensure that each homeless child and youth has equal access to the same free, appropriate public education.
4 A Brief History Regarding the McKinney-Vento Act 1987The Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act is signed into law, requiring states to review and revise residency requirements for the enrollment of homeless children and youth.1990The McKinney Act is amended, requiring states to eliminate all enrollment barriers, and provide school access and support for academic success for students experiencing homelessness; McKinney funds may now be used to provide direct educational services for eligible students.1994The education portion of the McKinney Act is included in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), adding preschool services, greater parental input, and emphasis on interagency collaboration.2002The Act is reauthorized as the McKinney-Vento Act (Title X, Part C of ESEA), strengthening legislative requirements and requiring all school districts to appoint a local liaison to ensure the law is implemented effectively at the local level.
5 The McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act Requirements include educational access, stability, and success for homeless children and youth.Responsibilities are outlined for local liaisons and state coordinators.
6 What Is the Definition of a Homeless Student? The McKinney-Vento Act defines “Homeless Students” as individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence.
7 What Is the Definition of a Homeless Student? The term also includes children and youth who are:Sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason (sometimes referred to as doubled-up)Living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to lack of alternative adequate accommodationsLiving in emergency or transitional sheltersAbandoned in hospitalsAwaiting foster care placement
8 Fixed Residence Definition “Securely placed or fastened… not subject to change or fluctuation”“…distinguished from an occasional lodger or visitor”“A fixed residence is one that is stationary, permanent, and not subject to change.”
9 Unaccompanied Youth Definition Homeless unaccompanied youth often face unique barriers in enrolling and succeeding in school.An unaccompanied youth is an individual who is not in the physical custody of a parent or guardian and who meets the criteria for homelessness.The U.S. Department of Education technical guidance says this about determining the homeless status of a student:I a child or youth’s living situation does not clearly fall into the situations described above, the school should refer to the McKinney-Vento definition of “fixed, regular and adequate nighttime residence” and consider the relative permanence of the living arrangements. Determinations of homelessness should be made on a case-by-case basis. Note that incarcerated children and youth and children/youth in foster care are not considered homeless.
10 Identifying Homeless Children and Youth: Best Practices Homeless children and youth are difficult to identify for many reasons, and thus often go unnoticed by school personnel. In order to identify homeless children both in and out of school, the district can coordinate with community service agencies. Note: Avoid using the word “homeless” in initial contact with school personnel, families, or youth. For many people, the word “homeless” conjures up stereotypical images.
12 Identifying Homeless Children and Youth: Best Practices Two ways to identify displaced students:School identificationInformation provided by parent or guardian
13 Common Signals of Displacement Lack of continuity in educationPoor health/nutritionTransportation and attendance problemsPoor hygieneLack of privacy/personal space after schoolSocial and behavioral concernsReaction/statement by parents, guardian, or child
14 After Identifying the Student Immediate school enrollment is required.If a dispute arises over school selection or placement, the district must admit a displaced child or youth to the school in which enrollment is sought by the parent, pending resolution of the dispute.
15 Rights of Eligible Children and Youth The right to remain in the school of originThe right to receive transportation to the school of originThe right for academic successThe right to immediate enrollment in school, even if lacking documentation normally required for enrollmentKinds of documentation that may be lacking:Birth certificateImmunization recordsPrevious academicsProof of guardianship or residency
16 ImmunizationIf immunizations or immunization medical records are missing, the liaison must assist in obtaining them, and the student must be enrolled in the interim.Potential health risks are minimal.Only students lacking immunizations are potentially at risk.With the exception of kindergarteners, all homeless students have been in school somewhere and thus probably have had immunizations despite their current lack of records.
17 Points To Ponder and Question When is doubled up not homeless?Why did the family move in together?Was the move-in because of crisis or by mutual choice?Is the living arrangement meant to be permanent?Where would the family live if not doubling up?Is the living situation fixed, regular, and adequate?If there is a dispute, a referral will be made to Student Services.
18 Our ResponsibilitySchools are responsible for enrolling displaced children and youth. A school selected on the basis of a “best interest determination” must immediately enroll the child, even if the child is unable to produce the records normally required for enrollment. Those records consist of:Previous academic recordsMedical recordsProof of residencyBirth certificates
19 Our ResponsibilityIf a child needs to obtain immunizations or medical/immunization records, the enrolling school must immediately refer the parent or guardian to the district’s Federal Programs office, which will guide and assist in obtaining the immunizations or records.
20 How Do We “Get It Right” Regarding Identification and Enrollment? StepResponsible1. Identify the student and enroll the student in PowerSchool.School2. Confirm Federal Programs’ awareness of the identified student.School and/or Federal Programs3. Determine eligibility of the identified student (see Affidavit).Federal Programs4. Deliver services to the eligible student.5. In cases of eligibility dispute, refer the case to Student Services.Parent/guardian and/or School6. In cases of eligibility dispute, finalize eligibility determination.Student Services
22 For More InformationNational Center for Homeless Education (NCHE) / National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth (NAEHCY) National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty (NLCHP)
23 State Contact InformationPaula Gaddis Migrant, Homeless & Private Schools Project Director Tennessee Department of Education
24 Manager of Grants & Special Populations Federal Program Specialists Contact Information for Federal Programs, Grants & Compliance3782 Jackson AveMemphis, TN 38108LOC 8097Manager of Grants & Special PopulationsTheresa Utley –Federal Program SpecialistsKevin Potts – /Clarence Bayes – /