Presentation on theme: "OUT OF THE DUST BOWL. SUMMARY This unit, Out of the Dust: Overcoming hardships, will focus on the multiple ways communities work through hardships, using."— Presentation transcript:
OUT OF THE DUST BOWL
SUMMARY This unit, Out of the Dust: Overcoming hardships, will focus on the multiple ways communities work through hardships, using the experiences of the Oklahoma dust bowl survivors as a reference point and example. Created for fifth grade students, this unit will allow students to explore the ways communities face hardships, how they can overcome them, and the examples they find in their own communities. By integrating Math, Social Studies, Science, Language Arts, and Art, the students will learn about ways people experience and overcome hardships by exploring reading accounts of dust bowl survivors (fiction and nonfiction), exploring the ways humans impact their environments and vice versa, exploring the ways hardships impact creative ability and vice versa, and exploring the ways in which the people in a community help one another in the midst of hardships. Our unit will begin by exploring the theme of overcoming hardships by learning about the Oklahoma dust bowl and its survivors, but this will only be the starting place for the exploration of ways people survive difficulties in their own communities.
Language Arts Note taking Compare and Contrast Using graphic organizers Essay writing Art Two-dimensional collage art Three-dimensional collage art Connection between visual art and the real world Identifying Hobo Signs and their uses Social Studies Causes and effects of the Market Crash of 1929 Great Depression: Start to finish Franklin Roosevelt and the New Deal The Dust Bowl and Modern Migration
Science Causes and effects of erosion on the environment Water Cycle How ecosystems function The scientific method Collecting and analyzing data Being responsible with environmental resources Math Graph differentiation (bar, line, circle) Graph interpretation Graph analysis Graph making
Language Arts Standard: Reading Process, Reading Comprehension- The student uses a variety of strategies to comprehend grade level text. The student uses a variety of strategies to comprehend grade level text. Standard: Writing Process, Prewriting- The student will use prewriting strategies to generate ideas and formulate a plan. Standard: Drafting- The student will write a draft appropriate to the topic, audience, and purpose. Standard: Revising- The student will revise and refine the draft for clarity and effectiveness. Standard: Publishing- The student will write a final product for the intended audience. Standard: Communication, Listening and Speaking- The student effectively applies listening and speaking strategies. Art Standard: Skills and Techniques-The student understands and applies media, techniques, and processes. Standard: Creation and Communication- The student creates and communicates a range of subject matter, symbols, and ideas using knowledge of structures and functions of visual arts. Standard: Cultural and Historical Connections- The student understands the visual arts in relation to history and culture. Standard: Applications to Life- The student makes connections between the visual arts, other disciplines, and the real world.
Social Studies Standard: Time, Continuity, and Change [History] Standard: People, Places, and Environments [Geography] Standard: Production, Distribution, and Consumption [Economics]
Math Standard: Data Analysis and Probability Science Standard: Force and Motion Standard: Processes that Shape the Earth Standard: How Living Things Interact with Their Environment Standard: The Nature of Science
Language Arts LA.188.8.131.52 Benchmark Description: The student will determine the main idea or essential message in grade-level text through inferring, paraphrasing, summarizing, and identifying relevant details LA.184.108.40.206 Benchmark Description: The student will identify themes or topics across a variety of fiction and nonfiction selections LA.220.127.116.11 Benchmark Description: The student will use strategies to repair comprehension of grade-appropriate text when self-monitoring indicates confusion, including but not limited to rereading, checking context clues, predicting, note-making, summarizing, using graphic and semantic organizers, questioning, and clarifying by checking other sources. LA.18.104.22.168 Benchmark Description: The student will compare and contrast elements in multiple texts LA.22.214.171.124 Benchmark Description: The student will prewrite by generating ideas from multiple sources (e.g., text, brainstorming, graphic organizer, drawing, writer's notebook, group discussion, printed material) based upon teacher-directed topics and personal interests; LA.126.96.36.199 Benchmark Description: The student will prewrite by organizing ideas using strategies and tools (e.g., technology, graphic organizer, KWL chart, log). LA.188.8.131.52 Benchmark Description: The student will draft writing by using a prewriting plan to focus on the main idea with ample development of supporting details, elaborating on organized information using descriptive language, supporting details, and word choices appropriate to the selected tone and mood; LA.184.108.40.206 Benchmark Description: The student will draft writing by organizing information into a logical sequence and combining or deleting sentences to enhance clarity LA.220.127.116.11 Benchmark Description: The student will revise by creating clarity and logic by deleting extraneous or repetitious information and tightening plot or central idea through the use of sequential organization, appropriate transitional phrases, and introductory phrases and clauses that vary rhythm and sentence structure; LA.18.104.22.168 Benchmark Description: The student will revise by applying appropriate tools or strategies to evaluate and refine the draft (e.g., peer review, checklists, rubrics). LA.22.214.171.124 Benchmark Description: The student will prepare writing using technology in a format appropriate to audience and purpose (e.g., manuscript, multimedia); LA.126.96.36.199 Benchmark Description: The student will share the writing with the intended audience. LA.188.8.131.52 Benchmark Description: The student will listen and speak to gain and share information for a variety of purposes, including personal interviews, dramatic and poetic recitations, and formal presentations; and LA.184.108.40.206 Benchmark Description: The student will make formal oral presentations for a variety of purposes and occasions, demonstrating appropriate language choices, body language, eye contact and the use of gestures, the use of supporting graphics (charts, illustrations, images, props), and available technologies.
Art Benchmark VA.A.1.2.1: The student uses and organizes two-dimensional and three-dimensional media, techniques, tools, and processes to produce works of art that are derived from personal experience, observation, or imagination. Benchmark VA.A.1.2.2: The student uses control in handling tools and materials in a safe and responsible manner. Benchmark VA.A.1.2.4: uses good craftsmanship in a variety of two-dimensional and three- dimensional media. Benchmark VA.B.1.2.1: The student understands that subject matter used to create unique works of art can come from personal experience, observation, imagination, and themes. Benchmark VA.C.1.2.2: The student understands how artists have used visual languages and symbol systems through time and across cultures. Benchmark VA.E.1.2.1: The student understands the influence of artists on the quality of everyday life.
Social Studies The student understands selected social and cultural transformations of the 1920’s and 1930’s (for example, impact of the automobile, racial tensions, role of women). The student understands the social and economic impact of the Great Depression on American society (for example, business failures, unemployment, home foreclosures, breadlines). The student extends and refines use of maps, globes, charts, graphs, and other geographic tools including map keys and symbols to gather and interpret data and to draw conclusions about physical patterns (for example, in the United States). The student knows how regions in the United States are constructed according to physical criteria and human criteria. The student understands varying perceptions of regions throughout the United States. The student understands reasons certain areas of the United States are more densely populated than others. The student understands ways the physical environment supports and constrains human activities in the United States. The student understands ways human activity has affected the physical environment in various places and times in the United States. The student knows examples from United States history that demonstrate an understanding that all decisions involve opportunity costs and that making effective decisions involves considering the costs and the benefits associated with alternative choices. The student understands that scarcity of resources requires choices on many levels, from the individual to societal. The student understands the basic concept of credit. The student understands that any consumer has certain rights (for example, an individual, a household, a government). The student understands the roles that money plays in a market economy. The student understands basic services that banks and other financial institutions in the economy provide to consumers, savers, borrowers, and businesses. The student knows ways the Federal government provides goods and services through taxation and borrowing (for example, highways, military defense).
Science Uses scientific tools (for example, stopwatch, meter stick, compass) to measure speed, distance, and direction of an object. Knows that rocks are constantly being formed and worn away. Understands how atmospheric pressure affects the water cycle. Understands how eroded materials are transported and deposited over time in new areas to form new features (for example, deltas, beaches, dunes). Understands how the surface of the Earth is shaped by both slow processes (for example, weathering, erosion, deposition) and rapid, cataclysmic events (for example, earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes). Extends and refines knowledge of ways people can reuse, recycle, and reduce the use of resources to improve and protect the quality of life. Math MA.5.S.7.1 Data Analysis Students will interpret, analyze, and compare data represented on line graphs or double bar graphs. Students will identify, interpret, or describe a graph that shows a quantity that changes over time.
Language Arts To be able to assess prior knowledge about a subject, set personal learning goals, and assess learning that has been accomplished To develop compare and contrast skills. To develop and strengthen note taking skills To develop and strengthen writing skills, such as using graphic organizers, pre-write, edit, and publish Develop creative writing skills Art To identify the key components in creating two-dimensional and three-dimensional collage art. To apply those component skills into making a two-dimensional and three-dimensional pieces of collage art. To be able to identify hobo signs and their uses. To be able to depict the lifestyle of someone living during the Great Depression and display it in their art projects.
Social Studies To identify the events that led to the Market Crash of 1929 and the key historical events during the Great Depression through class lecture and watching the PBS documentary The Panic is On. To understand the social repercussions of the Great Depression such as unemployment, foreclosures, breadlines, and the welfare system through watching the PBS documentary The Panic is On. To identify how individuals and the government overcame the hardships of the Great Depression through class lecture, and watching video interviews of survivors of the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl. To understand that scarce resources requires individuals and governments to make difficult decisions through class lectures. To identify the primary cause of modern migration and the consequences migration has on the social make-up of regions through class lectures and examining the Dust Bowl migration of the 1930s. Science To be able to learn about different causes and effects of erosion. To be able to learn how to purify water with household items. To be able to understand what caused the Dust Bowl and what were its effects on the environment. To be able to record and organize data from the class experiments.
Math To be able to interpret and identify the key components in linear, bar, and pie graphs. To apply those skills in constructing linear, bar, and pie graphs using continuous data from select periods of time. To be to differentiate between linear, bar, pie, and circular graphs.
Language Arts When provided with the subject The Dust Bowl, students will be able to, within a fifteen minute duration, describe what they know about the subject with a partner, summarize their knowledge, and present their knowledge with the class. Students will be able to compare and contrast hardships experienced in Out of the Dust, with those their community has faced, with 80% accuracy. As a culminating activity, a group of students will be able to select an event from Out of the Dust and re-tell it, answering who, what, where, when, and why questions, in a newspaper article format, with 80% accuracy, and present article to classmates, teacher, and parents. To prepare for a two page essay, students will be able to create an essay map recalling specific generous acts from the story Out of the Dust, and be able to describe the help that was given, the reason the person needed the help, and details about the person who provided the help, with 100% accuracy, based on created developed rubric. Students will be able to write a five paragraph essay describing a generous act from the story, Out of the Dust, using supporting details and information from the story, an effective organizational pattern, and correct punctuation, grammar, and sentence structure with 80% accuracy, based on teacher created rubric. While reading/listening to the story, Out of the Dust, students will be able to attend to the story, ask questions relevant to the story and answer comprehension questions with 80% accuracy.
Art The student will be able to correctly identify hobo signs and their uses on a 25- question test, with 80% accuracy. Given the materials, the student will be able to create a two-dimensional collage hobo sign that could be used in today’s world, with 80% accuracy based on class rubric. The student will be able to cooperate with another peer to create a diorama depicting the lifestyle of Depression Era people, with 80% accuracy based on a class rubric. The student will be able to give a presentation about their diorama and explain why they chose that specific lifestyle to depict and how the Dust Bowl affected that lifestyle, with 80% accuracy based on class rubric. Given the materials, the student will be able to create a two-dimensional collage poster to advertise either the talent show or the president's ball from Out of the Dust, with 80% accuracy based on a class rubric. The student will be able to give a presentation about their collage poster and answer class questions given at the beginning of the project, with 80% accuracy.
Social Studies Students will be able to answer their own KWL assessment from the beginning of the unit, with 80% accuracy. Students will be able to write a 3-5 page paper on the Great Depression, with 80% accuracy based on a class rubric. Students will demonstrate understanding of the personal hardship that individuals faced during the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl by writing a series of journal entries based on their own fictional character from the era, with 80% accuracy based on a class rubric. Students will be able to answer a five question short answer quiz on modern migration, with 80% accuracy.
Science Student will be able to know the causes of wind erosion and answer questions related to the experiment on what causes and what are the effects of this type of erosion with 80% accuracy. Student will be able to effectively purify water with household items provided and answer questions on how the filtration process works with 80% accuracy. Student will be able to correctly record and organize data from their experiments with 90% accuracy. Student will be able to complete a KWL chart on what caused the Dust Bowl and answering "want to know" questions with 75% accuracy.
Math The student will correctly create X and Y axes on line paper with 100% accuracy. The student will correctly label X and Y axes on line paper with 100% accuracy. The student will correctly identify line graphs, bar graphs, and/or circle graphs with 100% accuracy. The student will correctly plot data points on line paper with 80% accuracy. The student will correctly create data intervals on line paper with 80% accuracy.
Language Arts The Language Arts component of this ITU will explore the ways communities overcome hardships by reading the story, Out of the Dust, a fictional account of one family's struggles and triumphs and those of their community of farmers in Oklahoma during the dust bowl. Students will complete a KWL chart, examining what they already know about the dust bowl, what they want to know, and culminating in what they learned. They will compare and contrast the experiences of the characters in the story with those struggles in their own community. They will learn note taking skills as they keep a story journal to use throughout the unit. They will learn how to effectively use an essay map and will write a five paragraph essay describing a generous act from the story. As a culminating activity, the students will chose events from the story to present in a newspaper format, which will be presented at the class parent's night.
Art The visual arts component of this interdisciplinary thematic unit will focus on the students’ understanding and application of two-dimensional and three-dimensional art. Students will use a variety of media to explore the lifestyles of those living during the Great Depression. They will then use their new found knowledge to create their collage artwork. The first week, students will take excerpts from the book Out of the Dust, by Karen Hess. They will use the excerpts to create a two-dimensional collage poster advertising one of two events that occur in the story. Students will also be paired up for their diorama home project. The diorama will depict the lifestyle of someone living during the Great Depression. The second week, students will watch a film called Riding the Rails. It is a documentary about teenagers who were forced to survive on their own by traveling on trains to get from one destination to the next. After the documentary, the students will be introduced to hobo signs. Hobo signs were a form of communication that hobos used during the Great Depression to give information and warnings to fellow travelers. The students will study hobo signs and be given a test on them. During the last week of the unit, the students will create their own hobo sign that could be useful for a traveler today. They will also bring in their completed dioramas and share them with the class. All the students’ artwork will be on display during the culminating parents night.
Social Studies The Social Studies component of this interdisciplinary unit will examine how Americans overcame hardships during the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl in 1930s America. Students will first examine the economic factors leading up to the market crash of 1929 and collapse of the banking system. Then, the unit will cover the social effects and hardship associated with the Great Depression including unemployment, inflation, foreclosures, breadlines, and the welfare system. The unit will also cover the Dust Bowl in the Midwest with a lesson on modern migration and its effects on the social make-up of a region including overpopulation, under population, and discrimination. Finally, the lesson will conclude with an examination of the New Deal policies and how the United States eventually pulled itself out of the Great Depression.
Science The Science component of this interdisciplinary unit will focus on erosion and how ecosystems on earth change through natural occurrences and through human intervention. Students will learn from reading accounts of the Dust Bowl what were the chain of events that led to the catastrophe. Students will conduct experiments to learn what are the causes and effects of erosion. Students will learn about using the scientific method to investigate the question of what caused the Dust Bowl and what can people do to prevent that type of event from happening again.
Math The Math component of our unit will focus on reading and understanding linear graphs. Students will learn how to understand raw data from the Dust Bowl era (1934) and construct a graph using temperatures from 1934 and 2009. Students will learn how to label axes correctly, plot data points, and connect the data points on graph paper. The lesson fits into the ITU as part of a greater understanding of the impact these high temperatures have on our environment and communities overall.
As a culminating activity, the class will be hosting a parent night where they will have the opportunity to display a project from each of the disciplines they explored as they examined the theme, Overcoming Hardships. The following projects/presentations will be shown: A newspaper article depicting favorite scenes from the story, Out of the Dust Collage art poster depicting scenes from the story, Out of the Dust, diorama depicting the lifestyle of someone living during the Great Depression, and modern day hobo signs Portfolio containing personal migration journals and Great Depression papers Science experiment Linear or bar graphs created by each student showing the variations in Oklahoma temperature highs from 1934 and 2009.
SubjectsMondayTuesdayWednesdayThursdayFriday Lang Arts KWL-Dust bowl activity, Begin reading Out of the Dust, Introduce story journal assignment. Continue reading Out of the Dust. Students work in story journals. Continue reading Out of the Dust. Students work in story journals. Compare and Contrast Activity. Continue reading Out of the Dust. Students work in story journals. Finish reading Out of the Dust. Students work in story journals. Add to KWL chart. Science KWL on Erosion and Introduction to what caused the Great Dust Bowl Lesson on different kinds of erosion. Students answer questions on erosion in handout Watch video from website USDA-ARS Wind Erosion Research Unit and explore maps Experiment on Wind Erosion Continue experiment on wind erosion, do data analysis with class Math Identification of graphs: Linear graphs. Creating X and Y axes on graph paper. Correctly plotting temperatures on graph paper. Group practice creative line graphs with actual temperature data. Students independently create and plot temperatures. Introduction to student homework: graphing daily temperatures for the following week. Art Introduction to Art and The Great Depression Introduction to collage art project (in class)/Brief discussion on diorama home project (send home instructions for parents to read.) Assign partners for diorama project. KWL with diorama partner and complete diorama worksheet with partner. Begin diorama project at home. Explanation of in class collage poster on Out of the Dust. Begin collage project. Continue work on collage poster Social Sci KWL on the Great Depression Introduction to the Market Crash of 1929 The Bank Fallout – show beginning part of PBS documentary The Panic is On on the Great Depression The beginning of the Great Depression Introduce paper topics and begin showing showing students how to find resources for their papers Unemployment, foreclosures, and breadlines – Group discussion on how current events are similar to the Great Depression
SubjectsMondayTuesdayWednesdayThursdayFriday Lang ArtsIntroduce essay assignment. Introduce essay maps-work on in class. Finish essay maps. Begin writing essay. Work on essays.Students should be in editing phase of essays. Finish essays. ScienceShort film: Soil Erosion by Wind and its Control Lesson reviewing the water cycle and the drought causing the dust storm/ Brief NASA film on causes of the Dust Bowl drought Brief lesson on water irrigation and a students will do a question packet on the water cycle. An experiment on how farmers try to keep dirt from drying up. Continue experiment and analyze data MathIntroduction of bar and pie graphs. Students examine rainfall data from Dust Bowl era. Collaborative work on bar graph construction using rainfall data from 1934. Students indiviudally create bar graphs using rainfall data from 2009. Students share graphing results from previous week's assignment. ArtComplete collage postersShare posters with class. Question and Answer time about posters based on assessment rubric. Finish sharing posters. Introduction to hobo signs. Watch PBS special Riding the Rails. Finish Riding the Rails. Class discussion on the movie and how the teenagers had to overcome the hardships of the Great Depression…use of hobo signs Social SciFranklin Roosevelt and the New Deal Watch 2 nd part of The Panic is On Assign 1 st part of Great Depression/Dust Bowl Migration Journal Watch final part of The Panic is On Library day to work on Great Depression papers Students share first part of their Great Depression/Dust Bowl Migration Journal
SubjectsMondayTuesdayWednesdayThursdayFriday Lang Arts Introduce newspaper article activity and divide students into groups. Discuss upcoming parent's night. Students work on newspaper activity. Students finish newspaper activity. Finish KWL chart with everything students have learned. Prepare for parent's night. Science KWL on water purification and lesson on ways we need water Experiments on using household objects to purify water. Continue experiment and analyze which household was the best for purification. Present overview of what was learned in the past three weeks and 20 question test Have student prepare display of their favorite experiment for parent night Math Students begin individual project: Students design and create their own bar or linear graph. Individual graph project. Assessment and review of graphs: axes, plotting data, and labeling. Student's finalize indiviual graph projects for display. Art Hobo signs collage assignment. Students will create their own hobo sign. Work on and complete hobo signs. Test of hobo signs. Dioramas due. Student's share dioramas. Social Sci The Dust BowlModern Migration Assign 2 nd part of Great Depression/Dust Bowl Migration Journal The end of the Great Depression Short answer quiz on modern migration Students share 2 nd part of journal Great Depression papers due Group discussion tying up the unit – students answer their own KWL questions
KWL assessment on the Great Depression and the dust bowl 5 question short answer essay test on modern migration, teacher created rubric Circle area of the Dust Bowl on Map Teacher created rubric for two essays Teacher created rubric for two journals Teacher created rubric for newspaper article Teacher observation sheet for presentation of newspaper article 25 question test on Hobo Signs Riding the Rails Art Project KWL assessment on the cultural aspect of the Dust Bowl (i.e. style of dress, how house looked, what people did for fun, etc.) Partner project on creating and presenting a diorama of the Dust Bowl Collage poster project on Out of the Dust Dust Bowl line graphing. Daily temperature line graphing. Precipitation line graphing. Unemployment bar graph. Students chart unemployment statistics during 1930 (the year following market crash of 1929 and first year of Dust Bowl). Class experiment on erosion, teacher created rubric 20 Question test on the causes and effects of the Erosion Class experiment on Water Filtration, teacher created rubric
Books TV DVD player Lap top Printer Projector DVDs Weather almanac handouts Select websites Map of the United States On-line videos
Barnes, R. (1987). Teaching Art to Young Children 4-9. London, UK: Unwin Hyman LTD. Guthrie, W. (1940). Dust Bowl Ballads (CD). Buddha Recording Label. Hesse, K. (1997). Out of the Dust: A Novel. New York, New York: Scholastic Inc. Uys, M. and Lovell, L. (Producers and Directors). (1998). Riding the Rails. United States: WGBH Studio. Macmillan & McGraw-Hill (2003). Our Nation. New York: Author.