JOHN GAST'S "AMERICAN PROGRESS" (1872) Manifest Destiny
ANDREW MELROSE--WESTWARD THE STAR OF EMPIRE TAKES ITS WAY--NEAR COUNCIL BLUFFS IOWA, 1867
WILLIAM RANNEY - "BOONE'S FIRST VIEW OF KENTUCKY" ; 1849.
GEORGE CALEB BINGHAM - "DANIEL BOONE ESCORTING SETTLERS THROUGH THE CUMBERLAND GAP," ( 1850-51)
"The Promised Land--The Grayson Family, 1850." (1850). William S. Jewett.
Opposing Attitudes toward the west expansion 1. Rewrite the assigned fragments in your own words. 2. Discuss your fragment with members of your group. 3. Compare and contrast Americans attitudes toward the west expansion.
Opposing Attitudes: William E. Channing John O’Sullivan Americans
Do you get it?? New job in another state Hurricane Katrina
Do you get it?? New job in another state Hurricane Katrina Religious Persecution
Do you get it?? New job Hurricane Katrina Religious Persecution The right to vote or get married
The disappearance of the American frontier According to the 1890 Census, the American frontier was “close”.
Frederick Jackson Turner Frederick Jackson Turner was an American historian in the early 20th century, based at the University of Wisconsin until 1910, and then at Harvard.
Frederick Jackson Turner, The Significance of the Frontier in American History (1873) In his essay Turner present the notion of “The closing of the Frontier”. He argued that the untamed wilderness and vast open spaces of the frontier shaped American culture and history in profound ways.
The West shaped American culture and history in profound ways. Turner’s Ideas The West create an unique American Identity. Individualism and Self-reliance. Strong sense of equality Bravery and creativity Social mobility Economic freedom and democracy
The New Western Historians A group of historians argued that Turner missed part of the story about the west Turner’s picture of the west is idealist, incomplete, and one-sided (focused on Anglo- American experience only).
The West shaped American culture and history in profound ways. New Western Historians’ Ideas The west is an ongoing process, not completed. Social divisions. Conquering and exploiting Military and government support Interactions with diverse cultures.
Apply Use the cards provided to better understand the point of view of each side of this historical debate. Turner vs The New Western Historians
So who got their history right? Complete the table. Answer the questions with specific examples.