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©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers The 1930s CREATED EQUAL JONES WOOD MAY BORSTELMANN RUIZ CHAPTER 22 Hardship and Hope in the 1930s: The Great Depression
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers “…not the working classes that brought on the economic crisis, it was the big boys that thought the financial drunk was going to last forever, and overbought, overmerged, and overcapitalized.” Will Rogers, 1934
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers TIMELINE 19306 million unemployed Americans 1931Scottsboro Boys case taken up by International Labor Defense 1932Franklin Roosevelt wins Presidency Reconstruction Finance Corporation infuses economic institutions 193313 million unemployed Americans Civil Works Administration established Federal Emergency Relief Act Civilian Conservation Corps 1934Indian Reorganization Act Old Age Revolving Pensions, Limited 1935Social Security Act Huey P. Long fatally shot Works Progress Administration Federal Art Project Federal Theatre Project The Wagner Act Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) 1936Strikes against General Motors
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers HARDSHIP AND HOPE Overview HThe Great Depression HPresidential Responses to the Depression HThe New Deal HA New Political Culture
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers THE GREAT DEPRESSION HCauses of the Crisis H“We Are Not Bums” HSurviving Hard Times HThe Dust Bowl
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Causes of the Crisis HNo safety net for the unemployed HLimited competition among corporations and small businesses failing HNo savings, and great debt HInternationally, exports fall, and foreign nations unable to repay debts HExcessive profits and unequal distribution of wealth HFederal Reserve policies
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers “We Are Not Bums” H1930: 6 million Americans were unemployed. By 1933, 13 million Americans were unemployed HChanging gender roles HFamilies provide safety net
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Surviving Hard Times H200,000 young men “riding the rails”: hobos HScottsboro Boys trial H1933: over 5% of farms were foreclosed on HAfrican-American workers face fiercer discrimination in small job market HMexican Americans depended on children’s wages HWork in canneries HDeportation of 500,000 Mexicans from 1931 to 1934
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers The Dust Bowl HDrought in Oklahoma, Texas, Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico (the Dust Bowl) HApril 14, 1935: blown dust turned the skies black and killed livestock HMigration away from the Dust Bowl HDorothea Lange, Woody Guthrie, John Steinbeck
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers PRESIDENTIAL RESPONSES TO THE DEPRESSION HHerbert Hoover: Tackling the Crisis HFranklin Delano Roosevelt: The Pragmatist H“Nothing to Fear but Fear Itself”
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Herbert Hoover: Tackling the Crisis HEmergency Committee for Employment HNational Credit Corporation HReconstruction Finance Corporation HPublic works program HHoover Dam HMorris Muscle Shoals Bill (dam for Tennessee River)
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Franklin Delano Roosevelt: The Pragmatist HOld family with wealth, attended Harvard, and Columbia University law school HAdmirer of cousin Theodore Roosevelt HMarried to Theodore’s niece, Eleanor HNew York State Senator HAssistant Secretary of the Navy HVictim of polio: resulted in March of Dimes founding
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers “Nothing to Fear but Fear Itself” HMarch 4, 1932 inaugural address: “Nothing to fear but fear itself” HFireside chats HStrengthening of federal government HFriend to the immigrant communities
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers THE NEW DEAL HThe First Hundred Days HMonumental Projects Transforming the Landscape HProtest and Pressure from the Left and the Right HEleanor Roosevelt: Activist and First Lady HThe Second New Deal HFDR’s Second Term
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers The First Hundred Days HProhibition repealed HSecurities and Exchange Commission HFederal Deposit Insurance Corporation HCivil Works Administration HFederal Emergency Relief Act HCivilian Conservation Corp HNational Recovery Administration HNational Labor Board HTennessee Valley Authority HIndian Reorganization Act
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Areas Served by the Tennessee Valley Authority
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Monumental Projects Transforming the Landscape H1930s: skyscrapers, bridges, dams, and monuments built—symbolized human and technological triumph in the midst of hardship HElectricity and irrigation provided to the arid West — Hoover Dam, Grand Coulee Dam HThe Golden Gate Bridge HConstruction began on Empire State Building, and Rockefeller Center HMount Rushmore
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Protest and Pressure from the Left and the Right HFrancis Townsend and the Old Age Revolving Pensions, Limited HSocial Security Act of 1935 HCharles E. Coughlin HRadio show: The Golden House of the Little Flower, denounces New Deal as Communism, admirer of Hitler and Mussolini HHuey P. Long HU.S. Senator, Roosevelt critic, populist
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Eleanor Roosevelt: Activist and First Lady HSad childhood, but education abroad helped her to develop strength and confidence HMarried FDR, six children HAntilynching bill HMarian Anderson and the DAR HUnited Nations’ Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 H1962: President’s Commission on the Status of Women
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers The Second New Deal HThe Social Security program: unemployment insurance and relief for the needy HThe Works Progress Administration HFederal Art Project HFederal Theatre Project
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers FDR’s Second Term HFDR won overwhelmingly second term (Electoral vote: 523 to 8) HSupreme Court proposal defeated HFDR proposed appointing one new justice for every one on the court who had at least 10 years of service and who did not retire within six months after turning 70
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers A NEW POLITICAL CULTURE HThe Labor Movement HThe New Deal Coalition HA New Americanism
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers The Labor Movement HCommittee for Industrial Organization (CIO) as part of the American Federation of Labor HJohn L. Lewis and Sidney Hillman HSit-down strikes—began in Akron Ohio HGeneral Motors strikes HSeveral cities, violence broke out but governor of Michigan and President Roosevelt refused to send in National Guard.. HWomen participated in strikes as well as men
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers The New Deal Coalition HNorthern African Americans switch to the Democratic Party HExecutive Order 7046 bans discrimination in WPA HLatinos and the El Congreso de Pueblos de Habla Español
©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers A New Americanism HA new diverse, inclusive country HArts reflect common man HMovies challenged gender and class hierarchies HSports diversified: DiMaggio, Joe Louis, HWomen heroines: Earhart, Helen Wills, Babe Didriskon
©2003 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers CHAPTER 22 HARDSHIP AND HOPE: THE GREAT DEPRESSION The 1930s CREATED EQUAL JONES WOOD.
United States History. Political Career o NY Senate, Assistant Sec of Navy under Wilson, NY Gov. Personal Life o Battle with polio o Wife Eleanor.
Lesson 3 New Deal and Second New Deal Unit 3 the Period Between the Wars.
Relief, Recovery, Reform. Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) vs. Herbert Hoover ® FDR wins promised a New Deal aided by experts – “Brain Trust” 20 th.
Launching the New Deal 22-1 The Main Idea In 1933 Franklin Delano Roosevelt became president of a suffering nation. He quickly sought to address the country’s.
The New Deal. Restoring the Nation’s Hope “The only thing to fear is fear itself” “The only thing to fear is fear itself” The First Hundred Days The First.
The Great Depression & the New Deal Part II. The Hundred Days FDR’s New Deal had three goals: FDR’s New Deal had three goals: Provide relief for the needy.
Chapter 23 Notes Section One New Deal Fights the Depression.
Chapter 22 Living in Hard Times © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
The Great Depression The 1930’s The Crash Black Tuesday Boom market>increased speculation>great sell-off Oct ‘29 America enters the Great Depression.
Chapter 15 A New Deal Fights the Depression. Americans Get a New Deal Electing Franklin Delano Roosevelt --Franklin Delano Roosevelt Waiting For Roosevelt.
Promised to give each American family 5,000, taxing the rich Dust Bowl Radio programs FDR used to explain his plan to Americans Hoovervilles Civilian Conservation.
Chapter 24. Black Thursday Black Tuesday The Stock Market Crash Farmers Bankers National Income The Great Depression.
The New Deal. What is the New Deal? President FDR’s policies designed to end the depression.
The New Deal President Roosevelt Had the greatest impact on American life & politics than any other U.S. President. Elected to an unprecedented.
NOTES: FDR AND THE NEW DEAL. How to Deal with the Depression First, trickle down economics Help the businesses and they will in turn hire more people.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT’S THE NEW DEAL Fireside Chats.
New Deal Legacy W/in months of the 1928 election (President Herbert Hoover) the stock market crashed –1 out of 4 people were out of a job.
Roosevelt’s New Deal The federal govt. becomes concerned with the social welfare of the poor.
Chapter 15 Vocab The New Deal. Roosevelt’s policies for ending the Great Depression.
FDR Offers Relief and Recovery Chapter 13 Section 1.
Chapter 22 The New Deal. FDR 1933: Franklin D. Roosevelt takes office Pledged the “New Deal” Bipartisan: took in Republicans and women Republicans.
Early New Deal Policies Terms and People Franklin D. Roosevelt – American President elected at the height of the Great Depression Eleanor Roosevelt.
FDR and The New Deal Unit 4 Part 3. Election of 1932: FDR and Change Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Democrats won in a landslide election in Only.
The Cold War BeginsFDR Offers Relief and Recovery Section 1 Analyze the impact Franklin D. Roosevelt had on the American people after becoming President.
The New Deal. FDR’s Inaugural Address The 100 Days *Bank Holiday *Emergency Banking Act passed in 4 hours.
Review for Standard 17 and 18 Test (Friday) 4/12 Great Depression and New Deal.
FDR and the NEW DEAL New Deal Programs Voices of Reaction 1936 Election New Deal Coalition Court Packing Plan Legacy?
The Great Depression and the New Deal. The Great Depression: Economic Weakness Low Wages Overproduction Oligopoly Weak Industries Over-Extended Banks.
Analyze the impact of Franklin D. Roosevelt had on the American people after becoming President Describe the programs that were apart of the first.
GREAT DEPRESSION AND NEW DEAL. Great Depression and New Deal l Causes –Uneven distribution of income –Easy Credit - High debt –Unbalanced foreign trade.
The Great Depression and the New Deal. I. The Great Depression.
A New Deal Fights the Depression Section 23-1 pp
New Deal Roosevelt’s New Deal. The Roosevelts FDR had a captivating personality and believed that it was the government’s job to take direct action to.
Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Rise to Presidency in 1932.
Roosevelt’s New Deals: Relief from the Great Depression Copy the words in RED.
The New Deal FDR- Franklin Roosevelt. FDR- President in 1932 “Brain Trust” – Made up of lawyers, professionals, and journalists- worked on programs to.
Chapter 23 Section 2 Roosevelt and the New Deal Objectives Learn how Franklin Roosevelt won the 1932 presidential election. Find out how the New Deal tried.
Chapter 34 – Franklin Delano Roosevelt & The New Deal Analyze the responses of FDR’s administration to the problems of the Great Depression. How effective.
Unit 10 Test Review The Great Depression. The Great Depression was the time period of great economic crisis and a period of low business activity in the.
THE NEW DEAL SSUSH18 The student will describe Franklin Roosevelt ’ s New Deal as a response to the depression and compare the ways governmental programs.
Chapter 10: Roosevelt and the New Deal Lesson 1: The First New Deal.
GREAT DEPRESSION AND THE NEW DEAL. CAUSES OF THE GREAT DEPRESSION OVERPRODUCTION More products made than people could buy SPECULATION Led to crash in.
Ch. 33 Great Depression and The New Deal. Election of 1932; FDR v. Hoover; General Rhetoric?; Father Charles Coughlin; Huey Long (Share Our Wealth.
The New Deal. Background 1929-Stock Market Crash Unemployment skyrocketing Bank failures, businesses close Rising poverty Hoover’s actions ineffective.
The Depression and The New Deal. Causes of the Depression Stock Market Crash Uneven Distribution of Wealth Overproduction in industry and agriculture.
Chapter 14 and 15: The Great Depression and the New Deal.
FDR AND THE NEW DEAL. The U.S. dumped Hoover in the 1932 election, and choose Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Roosevelt developed a plan known as the NEW.
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