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Homefront- Part 4. Selective Service Act of 1940 10 million drafted!

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Presentation on theme: "Homefront- Part 4. Selective Service Act of 1940 10 million drafted!"— Presentation transcript:

1 Homefront- Part 4

2 Selective Service Act of million drafted!

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4 First peace time draft in US History First peace time draft in US History All men ages 21 to 36 were required to register for military service (later 18-44) All men ages 21 to 36 were required to register for military service (later 18-44)

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6 Draft was a lottery based on birthdays Draft was a lottery based on birthdays Length of induction Length of induction 1 year, then 18 months 1 year, then 18 months Eventually- duration of the war + 6 months Eventually- duration of the war + 6 months ***Local Draft Boards determined classifications

7 Draft card

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9 Deferments Excuse from service (ranked 1a to 4) Excuse from service (ranked 1a to 4) Issued to the following: Issued to the following: Jobs deemed ‘essential’ to the war cause (sometimes varied- farmers, shipyard workers), ministers Jobs deemed ‘essential’ to the war cause (sometimes varied- farmers, shipyard workers), ministers Fathers (avoided as much as possible), family hardships Fathers (avoided as much as possible), family hardships

10 Physical: Physical: 5 feet, 105 lbs, vision, 16 teeth, no flat feet! 5 feet, 105 lbs, vision, 16 teeth, no flat feet! Many deferment categories became draft eligible on French invasion Many deferment categories became draft eligible on French invasion

11 Conscientious objectors Conscientious objectors A conscientious objector is one who is opposed to serving in the armed forces and/or bearing arms on the grounds of moral or religious principles. A conscientious objector is one who is opposed to serving in the armed forces and/or bearing arms on the grounds of moral or religious principles. [...] [...] Beliefs which qualify a registrant for CO status may be religious in nature, but don't have to be. Beliefs may be moral or ethical; however, a man's reasons for not wanting to participate in a war must not be based on politics, expediency, or self-interest. In general, the man's lifestyle prior to making his claim must reflect his current claims Beliefs which qualify a registrant for CO status may be religious in nature, but don't have to be. Beliefs may be moral or ethical; however, a man's reasons for not wanting to participate in a war must not be based on politics, expediency, or self-interest. In general, the man's lifestyle prior to making his claim must reflect his current claims 72,000 applied/52,000 got it 72,000 applied/52,000 got it

12 1-AAvailable for unrestricted military service.1-A-OConscientious objector available for noncombatant military service only.1-CMember of the Armed Forces of the United States, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or the Public Health Service. (Enl.) Enlisted. Member who volunteered for service, (Ind.) Inducted. Member who was conscripted into service, (Dis.) Discharged. Member released after completing service. (Sep.) Separated. Member released before completing service.1-DMembers of a reserve component (Reserves or National Guard), students taking military training (ROTC), or accepted Aviation Cadet applicants (1942–1961).1-D-DDeferment for certain members of a reserve component or student taking military training.1-D-EExemption of certain members of a reserve component or student taking military training.1- HRegistrant Not Subject to Processing for Induction. Registrant is not subject to processing for induction until a draft is enacted. All current registrants are classified 1-H until they reach the age of exemption. They then receive the classification of 5-A.1-OConscientious objector to all military service. A registrant must establish to the satisfaction of the board that his request for exemption from combatant and noncombatant military training and service in the Armed Forces is based upon moral, ethical or religious beliefs which play a significant role in his life and that his objection to participation in war is not confined to a particular war.1-O-SConscientious objector to all military service (separated). A registrant separated from the Armed Forces due to objection to participation in both combatant and noncombatant training and service in the Armed Forces. The registrant is still required to serve in alternative service.[38]1-S(H)Student deferred by statute (High School). Induction can be deferred either until graduation or until reaching the age of 20.1-S(C)Student deferred by statute (College). Induction can be deferred either to the end of the student's current semester if an undergraduate or until the end of the academic year if a Senior.1-WConscientious objector ordered to perform alternative service.1-YRegistrant available for military service, but qualified only in case of war or national emergency. Usually given to registrants 1-AAvailable for unrestricted military service.1-A-OConscientious objector available for noncombatant military service only.1-CMember of the Armed Forces of the United States, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or the Public Health Service. (Enl.) Enlisted. Member who volunteered for service, (Ind.) Inducted. Member who was conscripted into service, (Dis.) Discharged. Member released after completing service. (Sep.) Separated. Member released before completing service.1-DMembers of a reserve component (Reserves or National Guard), students taking military training (ROTC), or accepted Aviation Cadet applicants (1942–1961).1-D-DDeferment for certain members of a reserve component or student taking military training.1-D-EExemption of certain members of a reserve component or student taking military training.1- HRegistrant Not Subject to Processing for Induction. Registrant is not subject to processing for induction until a draft is enacted. All current registrants are classified 1-H until they reach the age of exemption. They then receive the classification of 5-A.1-OConscientious objector to all military service. A registrant must establish to the satisfaction of the board that his request for exemption from combatant and noncombatant military training and service in the Armed Forces is based upon moral, ethical or religious beliefs which play a significant role in his life and that his objection to participation in war is not confined to a particular war.1-O-SConscientious objector to all military service (separated). A registrant separated from the Armed Forces due to objection to participation in both combatant and noncombatant training and service in the Armed Forces. The registrant is still required to serve in alternative service.[38]1-S(H)Student deferred by statute (High School). Induction can be deferred either until graduation or until reaching the age of 20.1-S(C)Student deferred by statute (College). Induction can be deferred either to the end of the student's current semester if an undergraduate or until the end of the academic year if a Senior.1-WConscientious objector ordered to perform alternative service.1-YRegistrant available for military service, but qualified only in case of war or national emergency. Usually given to registrantsConscientious objectornoncombatantNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationPublic Health ServiceReservesNational GuardROTCAviation CadetConscientious objector[38]alternative serviceConscientious objectornoncombatantNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationPublic Health ServiceReservesNational GuardROTCAviation CadetConscientious objector[38]alternative service

13 with medical conditions that were limiting but not disabling (examples: high blood pressure, mild muscular or skeletal injuries or disorders, skin disorders, severe allergies, etc.). Class was discontinued in December, 1971 and its members were reclassified as 4-F.2-ARegistrant deferred because of civilian occupation (non- agricultural).2-BRegistrant deferred because of occupation in a war industry: (Defense contractor or reserved occupation).2-CRegistrant deferred because of agricultural occupation.2-DRegistrant deferred because of study preparing for the ministry. Deferment lasted either until graduation or until the registrant reached the age of 24. Exemption was created in December, Previously considered part of Class 4-D.2-SRegistrant deferred because of collegiate study. Deferment lasted either until graduation or until the registrant reached the age of 24. Exemption was discontinued in December, ARegistrant deferred because of hardship to dependents.3-A- SRegistrant deferred because of hardship to dependents (Separated). Current serving member or registrant undergoing induction separated from military service due to a change in family status. The registrant's deferment can last no longer than six months, after which they may re-file if the hardship continues to exist.4-ARegistrant who has completed military service.4-A-ARegistrant who has performed military service for a foreign nation.4-BOfficial deferred by law.4-CAlien or dual national.4-DMinister of religion.4-EConscientious objector opposed to both combatant and noncombatant training and service. Alternative service in lieu of induction may still be required.4-FRegistrant not acceptable for military service. To be eligible for Class 4-F, a registrant must have been found not qualified for service in the Armed Forces by a Military Entrance Processing Station (MEPS) under the established physical, mental, or moral standards. The standards of physical fitness that would be used in a future draft would come from AR [39]4-GRegistrant exempted from service because of the death of a parent or sibling while serving in the Armed Forces or whose parent or sibling has Prisoner of War or Missing In Action status.4-TTreaty alien.4-WRegistrant or conscientious objector who has completed alternative service in lieu of induction.5-ARegistrant who is over the age of liability (26) or if previously deferred (35) with medical conditions that were limiting but not disabling (examples: high blood pressure, mild muscular or skeletal injuries or disorders, skin disorders, severe allergies, etc.). Class was discontinued in December, 1971 and its members were reclassified as 4-F.2-ARegistrant deferred because of civilian occupation (non- agricultural).2-BRegistrant deferred because of occupation in a war industry: (Defense contractor or reserved occupation).2-CRegistrant deferred because of agricultural occupation.2-DRegistrant deferred because of study preparing for the ministry. Deferment lasted either until graduation or until the registrant reached the age of 24. Exemption was created in December, Previously considered part of Class 4-D.2-SRegistrant deferred because of collegiate study. Deferment lasted either until graduation or until the registrant reached the age of 24. Exemption was discontinued in December, ARegistrant deferred because of hardship to dependents.3-A- SRegistrant deferred because of hardship to dependents (Separated). Current serving member or registrant undergoing induction separated from military service due to a change in family status. The registrant's deferment can last no longer than six months, after which they may re-file if the hardship continues to exist.4-ARegistrant who has completed military service.4-A-ARegistrant who has performed military service for a foreign nation.4-BOfficial deferred by law.4-CAlien or dual national.4-DMinister of religion.4-EConscientious objector opposed to both combatant and noncombatant training and service. Alternative service in lieu of induction may still be required.4-FRegistrant not acceptable for military service. To be eligible for Class 4-F, a registrant must have been found not qualified for service in the Armed Forces by a Military Entrance Processing Station (MEPS) under the established physical, mental, or moral standards. The standards of physical fitness that would be used in a future draft would come from AR [39]4-GRegistrant exempted from service because of the death of a parent or sibling while serving in the Armed Forces or whose parent or sibling has Prisoner of War or Missing In Action status.4-TTreaty alien.4-WRegistrant or conscientious objector who has completed alternative service in lieu of induction.5-ARegistrant who is over the age of liability (26) or if previously deferred (35)Defense contractorreserved occupationMilitary Entrance Processing Station (MEPS)[39]death of a parent or sibling while serving in the Armed ForcesPrisoner of WarMissing In ActionDefense contractorreserved occupationMilitary Entrance Processing Station (MEPS)[39]death of a parent or sibling while serving in the Armed ForcesPrisoner of WarMissing In Action


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