Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer In the current economic turmoil, if your parents lost their job and house (and so did you relatives), what would you do?"— Presentation transcript:
Bell Ringer In the current economic turmoil, if your parents lost their job and house (and so did you relatives), what would you do?
Hoover on Prosperity “It has been twelve months of unprecedented advance, of wonderful prosperity. If there is any way of judging the future by the past, this new year will be one of felicitation and hopefulness.” - New York Times EditorialJanuary 1, 1929
“People stood in long ques with satchels and paper bags to take gold currency away from the banks to store in mattresses and old shoe boxes. It seemed safer to put your life’s savings in the attic than to trust the greatest financial institutions in the country.”
Gross National Product Nearly Halved The measure of the nation’s total output of goods and services
Hoover and the Great Depression Villain or Scapegoat?
Hoover to blame?
One out of every four men are jobless Unemployment rises to 38%
Unemployment Rate Skyrocket The measurement many people used to judge the wellness of the U.S. Economy 13 Million Workers
Impact on People’s Lives Hardship Homelessness Hunger
Thousands of people turned to soup kitchens and breadlines – lines of people waiting to receive food provided by charitable organizations and public agencies became a common sight
Lines around every corner
“Hoovervilles” – Shantytowns – little towns that sprang up in cities and towns to house the homeless
Farmers were hit with many hardships: Many had gone into debt to buy machinery and land, and low prices wiped out potential profits. Drought of turned much of Midwest into a Dust Bowl While many Okies and fellow farmers migrated, most stayed put because at least they could still plant food for survival
Americans head west
Ridin’ The Rails Some 300,000 transients, or “hoboes,” wandered the country 300,000 school children out of school Some famous people who rode the rails Novelist Louis L'Amour TV host Art Linkletter Oil billionaire H. L. Hunt Journalist Eric Sevareid
Bonus Army – group of WWI veterans denied their pensions marched on Washington, D.C. Set up a tent city in D.C. Hoover overreacted and sent in the army who burned the veterans out (Led by Douglas MacArthur and Dwight D. Eisenhower)
The Wrong Place at the Wrong Time Believed government’s role was to encourage and facilitate cooperation, not control it. Believed handouts like Direct Relief would weaken the “rugged individualism” of American’s self-respect and moral fiber. Individuals, charities and local organizations should pitch in – the federal government could direct relief efforts, but not through a huge government bureaucracy
Trickle Down Economics and Rugged Individualism
Andrew Mellon Weed out weak banks Repay War debts Reduce taxes – balance budget No Public relief
Boulder Dam (Hoover Dam)
Hoover obtained approval for constructing Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam) Would supply water to the states of the Colorado River Basin
Hawley-Smoot Tariff Against his own wishes Hoover signed this tax on over 20,000 imported goods Hoped it would protect our devastated farmers as he had promised to do Thousands of economics petitioned for Hoover to veto the bill b/c economy was on the recovery late in 1930 Other nations retaliated with their own high tariffs shutting down trade around the globe and closing markets when we most needed them