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The Great Depression Begins 22 CHAPTER Overview Time Lines Transparencies Chapter Assessment The Nation’s Sick Economy Hardship and Suffering During the.

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Presentation on theme: "The Great Depression Begins 22 CHAPTER Overview Time Lines Transparencies Chapter Assessment The Nation’s Sick Economy Hardship and Suffering During the."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Great Depression Begins 22 CHAPTER Overview Time Lines Transparencies Chapter Assessment The Nation’s Sick Economy Hardship and Suffering During the Depression Hoover Struggles with the Depression SECTION 1 2 3

2 THEMES IN CHAPTER 22 The Great Depression Begins 22 CHAPTER Economic OpportunityImmigration and Migration “The illusory prosperity and feverish optimism which marked preceding years have given way to fearful economic insecurity and to widespread despair.” Senator Robert M. La Follette, Jr., 1931 HOME The American Dream

3 The Great Depression Begins 22 CHAPTER “The illusory prosperity and feverish optimism which marked preceding years have given way to fearful economic insecurity and to widespread despair.” Senator Robert M. La Follette, Jr., 1931 What do you know? What do you already know about the Great Depression? Have you ever discussed the Depression with a relative who lived through it? If so, what did he or she say? Read the quote above and answer the following: What does La Follette suggest about the prosperity and optimism of the years preceding the Depression? HOME

4 Time Line 22 CHAPTER The United States HOME June 1930 The Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act becomes law Hoover proposes a one-year delay in repayment of war debts and reparations. Between 4 million and 5 million Americans are unemployed The Reconstruction Finance Corporation is established More than 13 million Americans are unemployed. Average annual income drops to $1,500 per family. October 1929 The stock market crashes. July 1930 Congress creates the Veterans Administration.

5 Time Line 22 CHAPTER The World HOME 1931 Austria suffers economic collapse. September 1931 Japan occupies Manchuria. September 1932 From prison, Mohandas K. Gandhi leads a protest against British policies in India Army officers led by José Uriburu seize control of the government in Argentina Adolf Hitler comes to power. Japan withdraws from the League of Nations Ibn Saud becomes king of Saudi Arabia.

6 The Nation’s Sick Economy 1 Learn About economic problems affecting industries, farmers, and consumers at home and abroad. To Understand the causes of the Great Depression. HOME SECTION

7 The Nation’s Sick Economy 1 HOME SECTION Key Idea Economic problems affecting industries, farmers, and consumers lead to the Great Depression.

8 The Nation’s Sick Economy 1 Section Assessment 1 What were some of the causes and effects of the 1929 stock market crash? SUMMARIZING HOME SECTION speculationbuying on margin falling stock prices loss of confidence loss of savings bank failures high unemployment worldwide depression bankrupt businesses Stock Market Crash

9 Section The Nation’s Sick Economy 1 How did the economic trends of the 1920s help cause the Great Depression? ANALYZING CAUSES Assessment 1 what happened in industry what happened in agriculture what happened with consumers THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

10 Section The Nation’s Sick Economy 1 Assessment 1 Judging from the events of the late 1920s and early 1930s, how important do you think public confidence is to the health of the economy? DRAWING CONCLUSIONS what happened when overconfidence in the stock market led people to speculate and buy on margin what happened when lack of confidence caused people to sell stocks and close out bank accounts THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

11 Hardship and Suffering During the Depression 2 Learn About living conditions during the Great Depression. To Understand how people coped with hard times. HOME SECTION

12 Hardship and Suffering During the Depression 2 HOME SECTION Key Idea The Great Depression brings suffering of many kinds and degrees to people from all walks of life.

13 Hardship and Suffering During the Depression 2 Section Assessment 2 What groups of people were affected by the Great Depression? How were they affected? SUMMARIZING HOME SECTION GROUPEFFECTS OF DEPRESSION urban poorlived in shantytowns, ate in soup kitchens or bread lines African Americans experienced increased discrimination Latino Americans lost land and headed west experienced increased discrimination farmers unemployed men wandered country looking for work

14 Hardship and Suffering During the Depression 2 Section Compare what happened to city dwellers and to farmers during the Great Depression. How was it similar and different? COMPARING AND CONTRASTING Assessment 2 what happened to their livelihoods what happened to their homes what help was available to them THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

15 Hardship and Suffering During the Depression 2 Section Assessment 2 How did the Dust Bowl affect the entire country? RECOGNZING EFFECTS the effect on farmers on the plains the effect on California and other states where the Okies resettled the effect on the East THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

16 Hoover Struggles with the Depression 3 Learn About President Hoover’s response to the Great Depression. To Understand why the Hoover administration lost public support. HOME SECTION

17 Hoover Struggles with the Depression 3 HOME SECTION Key Idea President Hoover tries to restore confidence and halt the Depression, but his actions are ineffective.

18 Hoover Struggles with the Depression 3 Section Assessment 3 What did President Hoover say and do in response to the Depression? SUMMARIZING HOME SECTION Reconstruction Finance Corporation “Any lack of confidence in the economic future... is foolish.” “rugged individualism” Federal Home Loan Bank Act Federal Farm Board Boulder Dam sending of troops against Bonus Army public-works programs HOOVER’S RESPONSES

19 Section Hoover Struggles with the Depression 3 How did Hoover’s belief in “rugged individualism” shape his policies during the Depression? ANALYZING ISSUES Assessment 3 what that belief implies about government action Hoover’s policies whether those policies were consistent with his beliefs THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

20 Section Hoover Struggles with the Depression 3 Assessment 3 When Franklin Delano Roosevelt heard about the attack on the Bonus Army, why was he so certain that Hoover was going to lose? CLARIFYING the American public’s impression of Hoover Hoover’s actions to fight the Depression how people judged Hoover after the attack THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

21 Chapter 22 Assessment 1. How did what happened to farmers during the 1920s foreshadow events of the Great Depression? 2. Why was uneven distribution of income bad for the economy? 3. What were some of the effects of the stock market crash in October 1929? 4. What effect did the Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act have on the economy and why? 5. How were shantytowns, soup kitchens, and bread lines a response to the Depression? HOME

22 Chapter 22 Assessment 6. Why did minorities often experience an increase in discrimination during the Great Depression? 7. What pressures did the American family experience during the Depression? 8. Why did Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon believe that the government should do nothing about the Depression? 9. How did Hoover’s treatment of the Bonus Army affect his standing with the public? 10. In what ways did Hoover try to use the government to relieve the Depression? HOME


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