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Diction 5 and General Inquirer By Serena Hendricks & Pete Lindmark.

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Presentation on theme: "Diction 5 and General Inquirer By Serena Hendricks & Pete Lindmark."— Presentation transcript:

1 Diction 5 and General Inquirer By Serena Hendricks & Pete Lindmark

2 Diction Background -Originally created for the study of political discourse, expanded to 36 categories of communications. -Searches the text word frequency of 10,000 words in 31 word list dictionaries -Creates scores for the 31 dictionaries and 9 computed variables. -Analyzes in 500 word units

3 Dictionaries 31 Categories -Size ranges from 10 – 745 words -No words duplicated across dictionaries -Ability to create custom dictionaries -Maximum of ten -Maximum of 200 words per dictionary

4 Five Semantic Variables Based on Dictionary Formulas ACTIVITY = +(Praise + Satisfaction + Inspiration) – (Blame + Hardship + Denial) OPTIMISM = +(Praise + Satisfaction + Inspiration) – (Blame + Hardship + Denial) CERTAINTY = + (Tenacity + Leveling + Collectives + Insistence) – (Numerical Terms + Ambivalence + Self-Reference + Variety) REALISM = +(Familiarity + Spatial Awareness + Temporal Awareness + Present Concern + Human Interest + Concreteness) – (Past Concern + Complexity) COMMONALITY = +(Centrality+ Cooperation + Rapport) – (Diversity + Exclusion + Liberation)

5 Theatre Scripts We analyzed 6 monologues (3 men, women)from Absurdist Theatre Scripts: Birthday Party, Bald Soprano, Rosencrantz & Guildenstern are Dead, 6 Characters in Search of an Author, Waiting for Godot, & Bald Soprano (again) to examine what makes absurdist plays satirical. Birthday PartyBald SopranoRosencrantz & Guildenstern are Dead6 Characters in Search of an AuthorWaiting for Godot Bald Soprano

6 Calculated Variables Insistence Score -Words repeated three or more times in a 500 word text Embellishment -Ratio of descriptive words to functional words Variety -Measure of linguistic dispersion Complexity - Measure of word size

7 How to…… File  New 

8 How to (2)…. (Click) Add New File  Open (and select files)

9 How to (3)….. Open  (click) Project Properties  Change Normative Values

10 How to (4)….. (Click) Processing  Process All Files

11 Sample Results

12 Absurd Scripts Example Out of Range scores Bold face Calculated Variables 6 Characters in Search of an Author- Stepdaughter Birthday Party- Goldberg The Bald Sporano- Mary Waiting for Godot- Lucky The Bald Soprano- Mrs. Smith Rosencrantz & Guildenstern are Dead- Ros Insistence Embellishm ent Variety Complexity

13 Absurd Scripts Example Out of Range scores Bold face Master Variables Class = Literature Type = Theatre Scripts 6 Characters in Search of an Author- Stepdaughter Birthday Party- Goldberg The Bald Sporano- Mary Waiting for Godot- Lucky The Bald Soprano- Mrs. Smith Rosencrantz & Guildenstern are Dead- Ros Activity Optimism Certainty Realism Communality

14 Limitations -Samples of less than 350 words handled by extrapolation and standardization to a 500 word basis -Wide variance in sample size (n) of the 36 communication types -Out of range not referenced to 2 nd or 3 rd deviation

15 General Inquirer Standard dictionaries (“custom” allowed) Descriptive (f and %) “Harvard-IV-4” and “Lasswell” general- purpose dictionaries; 182 tag categories Harvard: objects, animals, people, institutions, relationships, etc. Lasswell: Dynamics of Culture (power, respect, skill, enlightenment, wealth, etc)

16 In short… Put text file in a folder, name it “testdir” Testdir must be in the same folder as General Inquirer (in Program Files) Can run multiple files within testdir Output opened in Excel can be transferred to SPSS Website:

17 Input File Browse  Choose.txt file (ONLY ONE)

18 Output File First Create Blank.xls file  Browse  Choose excel file RUN!!!!!!

19 Data

20 Our Findings Hostility, Power, Pleasure, Pain, Feeling, Arousal, and EMOT have little bearing on Absurdist Plays. Absurdist Plays.


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