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The Framers 55 delegates representing 12 states attended the Constitutional Convention; 39 men signed the document.

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Presentation on theme: "The Framers 55 delegates representing 12 states attended the Constitutional Convention; 39 men signed the document."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Framers 55 delegates representing 12 states attended the Constitutional Convention; 39 men signed the document

2 George Washington (1732 – 1799) No formal schooling; privately taught One of the wealthiest men in the Colonies One of the best horsemen in the colonies A workaholic who enjoyed fishing One of 12 Framers who owned slaves Supported firearms. “Firearms stand next in importance to the Constitution itself. They are the American people’s liberty teeth” Married late in life to Martha Dandridge Custis. Raised her two children Commander of the Continental Army Our first president


4 Gouverneur Morris (1752 – 1816) Born into a wealthy New York family Attended Columbia University Originator of the phrase, “We the People of the United States” One of 5 men who signed both the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution Had a wooden leg due to a carriage accident Was something of a ladies man, but did marry late in life at age 57. One son Considered one of the most brilliant members of the Constitutional Convention. Spoke often and humorously Came up with the idea of using the dollar bill as a basis for our currency Suffered severe hardship as a consequence of his revolutionary involvement


6 Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790) Noted author, printer, political theorist, politician, postmaster, scientist, inventor, statesman, and diplomat Invented the lightning rod, bifocals, Franklin stove, glass armonica Founded the first lending library in America and the first fire department in Pennsylvania Largely self-taught Permanently estranged with his only son over the Revolution (he was a Patriot; son William was a Loyalist) Part of the committee that drafted the Declaration of Independence 20,000 people attended his funeral


8 Edmund Randolph ( 1753 – 1813) Born into a wealthy, influential Virginia family Attended William & Mary Was an aide-de-camp to General Washington during the Revolution Married to Elizabeth Nicholas. Six children Introduced the “Virginia Plan,” which favored the large states Refused to sign the Constitution because it he believed it had insufficient checks and balances; later supported the Constitution’s ratification Later served as the 7th Governor of Virginia; the 2nd Secretary of State; and the 1st U.S. Attorney General


10 Roger Sherman (1721 – 1793) Born in Massachusetts Largely self-taught Was a cobbler (liked to keep books open on his workbench) Twice married. Seven children with his first wife; Eight more with his second. All but one lived to maturity Made 128 speeches at the Constitutional Convention Proposed the “Grand Compromise” Sherman was the ONLY man to sign all four main documents: The Articles of Association, 1774; the Declaration of Independence, 1776; the Articles of Confederation, 1777; and the Constitution, 1787. Suffered financial hardship as a consequence of his revolutionary involvement


12 Alexander Hamilton (1754 – 1804) Born in the West Indies; orphaned at a young age; difficult childhood Self-taught; brilliant; came to America to attend Columbia University (sent by his employer) One of Washington’s most trusted advisors War interrupted education Married into a wealthy and politically powerful family Set-up the Treasury Department; established the financial footing of the new American government Killed in a duel with Aaron Burr


14 James Wilson (1742 – 1798) Born in Scotland and emigrated to America in 1765; fine Scottish education Signed both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution, along with five other men (Clymer, Franklin, Robert Morris, Read, and Sherman) Spoke very frequently at the Constitutional Convention Two wives; six children Suffered financial reverses as a consequence Of his revolutionary activities. Almost went to debtor’s prison


16 George Mason (1725 – 1792) A Virginia planter, he was active in Virginia politics and a noted lawyer Largely self-taught Created drafts of the first declaration or rights and state constitution in the Colonies Refused to sign the Constitution and worked against its Ratification because it did not contain a Bill of Rights A strong anti-federalist who wanted a weak central government Known as the Father of the Bill of Rights (along with Madison) Two wives; eighteen children


18 James Madison (1751 – 1836) Born into a planter aristocracy. Slave owner Attended Princeton University Short and small in stature; married to popular Dolly Payne Todd One of the most influential members of the Constitutional Convention. Called the “Father of the Constitution” We know what happened during the Convention because he took notes Collaborated with John Jay and Hamilton in defending the Constitution and working for its Ratification. Helped defend the Constitution against Patrick Henry, Richard Henry Lee, and George Mason Part of a group who wanted to send slaves back to Africa, the “American Colonization Society” Our 4th president


20 William Paterson (1745 – 1806) Born in Ireland and emigrated to America at age two Attended Princeton University Proposed the “New Jersey Plan” at the Constitutional Convention which favored the small states A strong federalist Helped draft the Judiciary Act of 1789 which established the federal judiciary (court system) 2nd governor of New Jersey; Associate Justice of the Supreme Court


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