3 What might you gain and lose by going west? ExpansionImageThe year is 1844, and you live on a small rocky farm is Massachusetts. Your family had decided to move to Oregon to gain cheap, fertile land. Your father says this move will make your family better off—and give you a brighter future.What might you gain and lose by going west?
4 • What do you think daily life on the trail west might be like? • What might be the greatest obstacles that you face?
5 1821 Stephen Austin settles in Texas. 1824 Jedediah Smith finds South Pass.1836 Texas declares independence Battle of the Alamo fought Republic of Texas established.1844 James Polk is elected president.1846 War with Mexico begins.1847 Mormons migrate to Utah.1848 War with Mexico ends.1849 California gold rush begins.1853 United States makes Gadsden Purchase.To World
6 1815 Napoleon defeated at Waterloo. 1821 Mexico gains independence from Spain.1839 Opium War fought in China.1847 Liberia, established by a former American slave, proclaimed an independent nation.ImageBack to U.S.Back to Home
7 Main IdeaThousands of settlers followed trails through the West to gain land and a chance to make a fortune.MapWhy It Matters NowThis migration brought Americans to the territories that became New Mexico, Oregon, and Utah.
8 What were characteristics of each trail west? TRAILS WESTSanta Fe Trail: from Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico; attracted many tradersMormon Trail: followed Oregon Trail to Utah; taken by MormonsOregon Trail: from Missouri to Oregon Territory; people went for land
9 • How did the mountain men open up the West for later settlement? • What are two examples of pioneer groups who used cooperation to overcome hardship?• What were the different motives that drew people west?
10 Drawing ConclusionsOf all the hardships faced by the people who went west, what do you think was the worst? Explain.Think About• the mountain men• William Becknellthe Sagersthe MormonsBack to Home
11 Main IdeaAmerican and Tejano citizens led Texas to independence from Mexico.Why It Matters NowThe diverse culture of Texas has developed from the contributions of many different groups.
12 What events led to Texas’s independence? In what order did they occur? Changes in Mexican policy toward AmericansImprisonment of AustinTEXAN INDEPENDENCEImageBattle at Gonzales, Battle of the Alamo, or Battle of San Jacinto
13 • Why did Americans want to move to Texas? • How did the Mexican government respond to the Texas rebellion?• Why did Congress refuse to annex Texas?
14 • the need to recruit more forces to fight with the Texas army Recognizing EffectsHow did losing the Battle of the Alamo help the Texans win their independence?Think About• the Texans’ and Americans’ shock over the loss of the battle to the Mexicans• the need to recruit more forces to fight with the Texas armyBack to Home
15 Main IdeaThe United States expanded its territory westward to stretch from the Atlantic to Pacific coast.MapWhy It Matters NowToday, one-third of all Americans live in the areas added to the United States in 1848.
16 What key events occurred between 1846 and 1848 in the War with Mexico? Attack at the Rio GrandeBear Flag RevoltBattle of Veracruz18461848Fall of New MexicoBattle of Buena VistaBattle of Chapultepec
17 • How did the acquisitions of Oregon and the Mexican Cession relate to the idea of manifest destiny? • Why were some people opposed to the War with Mexico?• What does the phrase “sea to shining sea” mean?
18 • the acquisition of the Oregon territory • lands in the Southwest ComparingCompare the different ways land was acquired by the United States in the period of manifest destiny from 1844 to 1853.Think About• the acquisition of the Oregon territory• lands in the SouthwestBack to Home
19 Main IdeaGold was found in California, and thousands rushed to that territory. California quickly became a state.Why It Matters NowThe gold rush made California grow rapidly and helped bring about California’s cultural diversity.
20 What hardships did the forty-niners face both in the camps and while mining? ImageIN THE CAMPSWHILE MININGHARDSHIPS• poor food• cold streams• disease• accidents• swindlers and crooks• exhaustion
21 • How did the California gold rush get started? • Why didn’t many forty-niners become rich?• How did California’s statehood affect the nation?
22 What were some of the effects of the California gold rush? Recognizing EffectsWhat were some of the effects of the California gold rush?Think About• changes in San Francisco• California’s bid for statehoodBack to Home
24 1 What were three reasons why people moved west? 2 What were the three main trails that led to the West?3 How did the Mormons make the land in Utah productive?4 Why were Texans unhappy with Mexican rule?5 Why were the battles of the Alamo and San Jacinto important to the Texas Revolution?
25 6 What areas did the United States gain as a result of Americans’ belief in manifest destiny? 7 How is the Bear Flag Revolt related to the War with Mexico?8 What lands did the United States acquire as a result of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo?9 Who were four groups of people who became forty-niners?10 What were three ways California changed because of the gold rush?
26 Categorizing Back to Home Types of people who traveled there NEW MEXICOUTAHOREGONTEXASCALIFORNIAWhy they went thereKey events that brought the territory into the United Statesfarmers and tradersland or profitWar with MexicoMormonsreligious freedomWar with Mexicofarmers and tradersland or profitagreement with Britainfarmers and rancherslandTexas Revolutionminers and tradersland or profitWar with MexicoBack to Home
27 Map Image Back to Previous Use these buttons to go back to the previousslide, or to move forward in the presentation.These labels let you know where you are in the presentation.To reveal the content of a slide just press thespace bar or click yourmouse once.When you click on thearrow you will be linkedto a related visual.To use a button, move your pointer over the button. When your pointer becomes a hand, click your mouse.MapImageThese buttons link you to special areas.Back to Previous