Presentation on theme: "Power Presentations CHAPTER 13. Image Expansion The year is 1844, and you live on a small rocky farm is Massachusetts. Your family had decided to move."— Presentation transcript:
Power Presentations CHAPTER 13
Image Expansion The year is 1844, and you live on a small rocky farm is Massachusetts. Your family had decided to move to Oregon to gain cheap, fertile land. Your father says this move will make your family better off—and give you a brighter future. What might you gain and lose by going west?
What do you think daily life on the trail west might be like? What might be the greatest obstacles that you face?
To World 1853 United States makes Gadsden Purchase California gold rush begins War with Mexico ends Mormons migrate to Utah War with Mexico begins James Polk is elected president Texas declares independence. Battle of the Alamo fought. Republic of Texas established Jedediah Smith finds South Pass Stephen Austin settles in Texas.
Back to Home Back to U.S Liberia, established by a former American slave, proclaimed an independent nation. Image 1839 Opium War fought in China.1821 Mexico gains independence from Spain Napoleon defeated at Waterloo.
Main Idea Why It Matters Now This migration brought Americans to the territories that became New Mexico, Oregon, and Utah. Thousands of settlers followed trails through the West to gain land and a chance to make a fortune. Map
What were characteristics of each trail west? TRAILS WEST Mormon Trail: followed Oregon Trail to Utah; taken by Mormons Oregon Trail: from Missouri to Oregon Territory; people went for land Santa Fe Trail: from Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico; attracted many traders
How did the mountain men open up the West for later settlement? What are two examples of pioneer groups who used cooperation to overcome hardship? What were the different motives that drew people west?
Back to Home Drawing Conclusions Of all the hardships faced by the people who went west, what do you think was the worst? Explain. Think About the mountain men William Becknell the Sagers the Mormons
Main Idea Why It Matters Now American and Tejano citizens led Texas to independence from Mexico. The diverse culture of Texas has developed from the contributions of many different groups.
What events led to Texas’s independence? In what order did they occur? TEXAN INDEPENDENCE Changes in Mexican policy toward Americans Imprisonment of Austin Image Battle at Gonzales, Battle of the Alamo, or Battle of San Jacinto
Why did Americans want to move to Texas? How did the Mexican government respond to the Texas rebellion? Why did Congress refuse to annex Texas?
Back to Home Recognizing Effects How did losing the Battle of the Alamo help the Texans win their independence? Think About the Texans’ and Americans’ shock over the loss of the battle to the Mexicans the need to recruit more forces to fight with the Texas army
Main Idea Why It Matters Now Today, one-third of all Americans live in the areas added to the United States in The United States expanded its territory westward to stretch from the Atlantic to Pacific coast. Map
What key events occurred between 1846 and 1848 in the War with Mexico? Attack at the Rio Grande Fall of New Mexico Bear Flag Revolt Battle of Buena Vista Battle of Veracruz Battle of Chapultepec
How did the acquisitions of Oregon and the Mexican Cession relate to the idea of manifest destiny? Why were some people opposed to the War with Mexico? What does the phrase “sea to shining sea” mean?
Back to Home Comparing Compare the different ways land was acquired by the United States in the period of manifest destiny from 1844 to Think About the acquisition of the Oregon territory lands in the Southwest
Main Idea Why It Matters Now Gold was found in California, and thousands rushed to that territory. California quickly became a state. The gold rush made California grow rapidly and helped bring about California’s cultural diversity.
What hardships did the forty-niners face both in the camps and while mining? Image IN THE CAMPSWHILE MINING HARDSHIPS poor food disease cold streams accidents swindlers and crooks exhaustion
How did the California gold rush get started? Why didn’t many forty-niners become rich? How did California’s statehood affect the nation?
Back to Home Recognizing Effects What were some of the effects of the California gold rush? Think About changes in San Francisco California’s bid for statehood
REVIEW QUESTIONS ANSWERS: READ AND TAKE NOTES
1 What were three reasons why people moved west? 2 What were the three main trails that led to the West? 3 How did the Mormons make the land in Utah productive? 4 Why were Texans unhappy with Mexican rule? 5 Why were the battles of the Alamo and San Jacinto important to the Texas Revolution?
6 What areas did the United States gain as a result of Americans’ belief in manifest destiny? 7 How is the Bear Flag Revolt related to the War with Mexico? 8 What lands did the United States acquire as a result of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo? 9 Who were four groups of people who became forty-niners? 10 What were three ways California changed because of the gold rush?
Back to Home Types of people who traveled there NEW MEXICO UTAH OREGON TEXAS CALIFORNIA Why they went there Key events that brought the territory into the United States Categorizing farmers and traders Mormons farmers and traders farmers and ranchers miners and traders land or profit religious freedom land or profit land land or profit War with Mexico agreement with Britain Texas Revolution War with Mexico
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