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Crafting talking points Preparing principals for meetings.

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Presentation on theme: "Crafting talking points Preparing principals for meetings."— Presentation transcript:

1 Crafting talking points Preparing principals for meetings

2 The Briefing Package Country brief: internal/external issues Bio Talking points Annexes for background

3 Approaches to drafting talking points Short paragraphs Telegraphic text Key words

4 Short Paragraphs: Meeting Between the President and Indian Prime Minister Singh, New Delhi, 11 November 2010 I am honoured by the invitation of the government of India and particularly of Prime Minister Singh. I am pleased to recognize India as a growing power on the world scene. The breadth and strength of Indo- American relations are growing in importance and cooperation is indeed mutually beneficial. The United States is committed to expanding the economic partnership with India. We are prepared to loosen export and foreign direct investment controls in order to expand the market to Indian buyers. We hope that there will be an Indian quid pro quo. We look forward to concluding the agreement on the purchase of ten Boeing C-17s. We see this agreement as making a major contribution to advancing Indian defence technology. The United States sees India as an emerging great power and favours it becoming a permanent member of the Security Council. {This may take years to materialise in view of the disagreements over UN reform.} We are building on our recognition of India as a nuclear state. We support new Indian membership into the Nuclear Suppliers Group, but will continue to push for the signature of Non-Proliferation Treaty. I would also like to reiterate the importance of transparency of the civilian nuclear programs to the IAEA and also stress the importance of agreeing upon a Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty. We are willing to continue to build nuclear reactors and provide nuclear fuel for civilian energy programs. We are committed to fighting Pakistan-based terrorism; however, we also recognise that Pakistan is making efforts to fight terrorism within its own borders and also internationally. US-Pakistan cooperation is vital for regional security as is that between India and the US.

5 Welcome to India: On behalf of the government and people of India, I would like to take this opportunity to welcome b you back to India. We are truly gratified by your visit. Our nation possesses a rich heritage, vibrant culture, and a proud tradition of hospitality, which is exemplified by the ancient Sanksrit saying, “Athithi Devo Bhava”, meaning “guests are like Gods”. Historical links, Future Goals: The United States and India share a rich set of historical links as the world’s oldest democracy and world’s largest democracy. We appreciate the help and technical assistance you have provided us with in the past. We need to work together to promote democratic ideals in the region. We support the continued international efforts at democratisation and stabilisation in Afghanistan as a key step towards this objective. Terrorism, Afghanistan, Pakistan: The November 2008 attacks in Mumbai only served to highlight the latest phase of global terrorism, We look forward to working together with the U.S. to end cross-border terrorism in South Asia, particularly since this has adversely affected the India-Pakistan peace process. We also look forward to an increased collaboration with the US in the field of intelligence, so that the perpetrators of terrorism such as Ajmal Kasab and David Coleman Headley can be brought to justice. In addition, we believe that a strong, stable Afghanistan is in the interests of the entire region, and hence we would like to re-affirm our commitment to the civilian reconstruction effort in that country. Economic and Trade Relations: We are working to keep our growth at an annual 9%. We appreciate the President’s strong commitment to free trade, even in the midst of the current global economic situation. {The U.S. is now India’s biggest trading partner, with a booming exchanges in the sectors of textiles, consumer goods, IT, chemicals, metals and minerals. Indian Multinationals such as Tata, Mahindra, and Infosys are continuing to make inroads in the global market, especially in the U.S.} Nuclear Deal: The recent nuclear deal takes our partnership with the U.S. to a new level. We appreciate the role of the U.S. government in ending India’s nuclear isolation. Looking ahead, we hope we can build a stronger civilian partnership in this area. We hope we can count on the US administration to push through the necessary legislation. {MIDTERM ELECTIONS: Don’t mention. Wait for Obama to bring up topic. If brought up, reaffirm support for current policy line.} {CLIMATE CHANGE: If pressed, respond with statement on responsibility of the developed world.} Meeting between Prime Minister SINGH and US President Barack OBAMA, New Delhi, 11 November 2010

6 Biography Manmohan Singh Born: 1932 Family. wife: Mrs. Gursharan Kaur; 3 daughters, - one is a professor, one is a lawyer at ACLU, one is an author Career: elected PM in May First Sikh in job Member of the Indian National Congress (INC) party. as PM has held high-level visits with Pakistan to ease tensions over Kashmir; bolstered relationship with Afghanistan and is now the largest regional donor to Afghanistan; has expanded ties with Israel as a potential defence partner; has brought the Indian economy to 8-9% annual growth rate. before PM, served as the Finance Minister from 1991 to 1996 began economic reforms to open the Indian economy to international trade/investment; served as Leader of the Opposition in India’s Upper House of Parliament from 1998 to Education: Honours degree in Economics from Cambridge University Barack Obama Born.1961 in Honolulu Family: married to: Michelle Robinson; 2 daughters, Malia and Sasha Education: Harvard Law School J.D. – Magna cum laude Career: – Community Organiser – Lawyer – Academia University of Chicago Law School – Politics State Senator, Illinois: U.S. Senator : Presidency – Expansion of Healthcare – Action on climate change – Close to $800 Billion stimulus package – Foreign Policy Visit to India in his first term itself “New beginning” in ties with the Arab world “Reset” in relations with Russia Pull-out of Iraq Troop surge in Afghanistan

7 Telegraphic Style: Meeting of Secretary General Solana with the Canadian Minister of Defence, the honourable Douglas Young, DND Headquarters, Ottawa, 5 May 1995 Congratulations on appointment. Look forward to working with you. Continuing Canadian commitment to Europe of vital importance (impact on Europe-US). Will stress this in public appearances. NATO involvement in FRY post-Dayton essential. Can we count on Ottawa for IFOR? Concerned about developments on enlargement front. – Russia is key but not exclusive problem. Offer to Russia is as far as we can go without giving Moscow droit de regard but issue driven by uncertainty surrounding Yeltsin. – If not possible to proceed, need robust back up plan {see background } Views on Summit in Preferences to timing? Agenda? {Fish War.} If raised, stress need to be neutral but also hope b for quick resolution. {Somalia Scandal.} If raised, reassure that you plan to be very cautious in public in view of legal ramifications.

8 Telegraphic Style: Meeting between the US President and Indian Prime Minister Singh, New Delhi, 11 November 2010 Opening. Honoured to meet you again; salute strength and growth of US-India relations Economy. Aiming to loosen export and foreign investment controls to expand US market to Indian buyers. Also working to reduce barriers on commercial companies that have military applications for India. Defence Cooperation. Progress on defence agreement for C-17s: important technology advantages for India. Can US expect quid pro quo? UN Seat. See India as emerging great power Strong US support for India’s candidacy as permanent Security Council member. { If pressed on veto power, years for this to materialise through UNSC reform} India’s Nuclear Status. India’s responsible stewardship of nuclear power crucial. US wants India in Nuclear Suppliers Group. and is working hard to make this happen. But without transparency of civilian nuclear programmes, no prospects of this happening.. Indian support in agreeing Fissile Material Cut off Treaty will help greatly.. Pakistan. US Pursuing campaign to neutralise Pakistan-based terrorism. US needs strong anti-terrorism effort of Islamabad both in Afghanistan and at home. US polices to Pakistan and India are complementary, not opposed.

9 Telegraphic Style: Meeting between US President Barack OBAMA and Prime Minister SINGH (Republic of India) New Delhi, 10 November 2010 Welcome to India Welcome President to our country. India gratified by visit. Allude to Obama previous visit in 1981 as student. Rich heritage. Vibrant culture. Traditions of hospitality. Historical links; Future Goals World’s oldest democracy and world’s largest democracy. Past: Technical collaboration after independence. Future: Shared vision. Democratic values. Regional stability. Democratisation in Afghanistan – important in regional stabilisation Terrorism, Afghanistan, Pakistan Mention 26/11 attacks. Looking for US support in ending cross-border terrorism in South Asia. Effect on peace process with Pakistan. India revving up support for civilian reconstruction in Afghanistan. Economic and Trade Relations US = one of the biggest FDI contributors to Indian economy. Also India’s biggest trading partner. Indian economy growth rate. Indian multinationals growing in US. Praise Obama’s commitment to free trade. Nuclear Deal -Taking our partnership to a new level. -Pay tribute to USA’s role in ending India’s nuclear isolation. -Looking forward to civilian partnership in this field. [MIDTERM ELECTIONS: Don’t mention. Wait for Obama to bring up topic. If brought up, reaffirm support for current policy line.] [CLIMATE CHANGE: If pressed, respond with statement on responsibility of the developed world.]

10 Key words: Meeting of Secretary General Solana with the Canadian Minister of Defence, the honourable Douglas Young, DND Headquarters, Ottawa, 5 May 1995 Congratulations Canadian commitment IFOR Enlargement Summit {Fish War} {Somalia Scandal}

11 Meeting Between the President and Indian Prime Minister Singh New Delhi, 11 November 2010 Opening Economy UN Seat Counterterrorism/Borders Nuclear Non-Proliferation Defence Purchases Pakistan Meeting between US President Barack Obama and Prime Minister Singh New Delhi, 11 November 2010 Welcome to India Historical links between the two nations; Shared future vision Economic and Trade Relations Terrorism, Afghanistan, Pakistan Nuclear Deal India as a Rising Power [MIDTERM ELECTIONS: Don’t mention. Wait for Obama to bring up topic. If brought up, reaffirm support for current policy line.] [CLIMATE CHANGE: If pressed, respond with statement on responsibility of the developed world.]

12 Exercise Identify interlocutor of your chairperson Do short bio (interview staffer: 3 interesting points) Prepare telegraphic talking points:5 maximum Indicate on which issues background would be necessary Load talking points onto ppt, both on one page

13 Committee Chair Meetings Romania – US (lower chamber intelligence oversight) Bulgaria- Kosovo Serbia-Montenegro Romania – Moldova

14 Questions for plenum Whether the right approach has been taken? Whether the right tone has been struck? Whether there are things that have been left out? Whether there are things that have been proposed but should not be mentioned? Whether the two principals are slated to be more or less on the same page?


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