Presentation on theme: "Volunteer Marine Rescue TDM MF1007B. Burns Care for Burns Cool the burned area Cover the burned area Prevent infection Minimise shock Call an ambulance."— Presentation transcript:
Volunteer Marine Rescue TDM MF1007B
Burns Care for Burns Cool the burned area Cover the burned area Prevent infection Minimise shock Call an ambulance for serious burns
Burns NOAdhesive Dressings NOOintments, Oils or Fat. DO NOTBreak Blisters or remove loose skin. DO NOTRemove material, Bitumen, Toffee, Melted Synthetic Fabric. DO NOTApply Ice Directly to Burns.
Inhalation of Fumes Symptoms and Signs Breathing difficulties. Burns or stains around the mouth or nose. Skin colour pale, cyanotic or turning cherry pink Listlessness Disorientation Confusion Symptoms and signs of shock Collapse
Heat and Cold Blood Vessels Radiated Heat Skin Surface The Body’s Reaction
Hypothermia What is Hypothermia Hypothermia occurs when the body is unable to generate enough heat to replace that being lost to the environment and the core temperature drops below 35 0 C. MEDICAL EMERGENCY Hypothermia is a MEDICAL EMERGENCY
Hypothermia 37 o 26 o 35 o 33 o 30 o Normal Body Temperature Hypothermia Develops Cardiac Malfunction Unconscious Irreversible The effects of Hypothermia
Hypothermia Signs and Symptoms 37 o 26 o 35 o 33 o 30 o Pale Skin Cold to Touch Shivering Loss of Muscle Coordination Slurring of Speech Behavioural Changes Slow Pulse / Respiration Loss of Consciousness
Don’t massage or rub the person. Move the person out of the cold. Remove wet clothing. Try to warm the person. Share body heat. Don’t give alcohol. Do not leave the person alone. Continually monitor breathing. Don’t assume the person is dead. Seek medical aid. Hypothermia First aid for all cases of hypothermia These first aid tips apply to all stages of hypothermia:
Heat stress is a serious hazard in the workplace as well as at home. Excessive heat can place an abnormal stress on your body. When your body temperature rises even a few degrees above normal (which is about 37.1 degrees Celsius) you can experience –muscle cramps –become weak –disoriented –dangerously ill Hyperthermia Summer Heat
First aid for heat cramps will vary. The best care is: –Rest –Move to a cool environment –Drink plenty of water- No soft drinks, Soda Water, or Alcohol. –Electrolyte fluids such as Gatorade may also be used. Hyperthermia Heat Cramps- First Aid
Rest in the shade or cool place. Drink plenty of water (preferred) or electrolyte fluids. Loosen clothing to allow the body to cool. Use cool wet rags too aid cooling. First Aid Heat Exhaustion
This is a serious medical condition that urgently requires medical attention. Sweating is diminished or absent, which makes the skin hot and dry. rising Body temperature is very high (41 0 C. and rising). Heat Stroke You’re Out of Time
Mental confusion Delirium Chills Dizziness Loss of consciousness Heat Stroke Signs and Symptoms Convulsions or Coma. A body temperature of C or higher. Hot, dry skin that may be red, mottled or bluish. A strong fast pulse.
If you suspect someone is suffering from heat stroke, call an ambulance immediately Their condition will rapidly deteriorate You must provide care immediately Rapid Response Heat Stroke
This is a Medical Emergency!!This is a Medical Emergency!! Brain damage and death are possible Until medical help arrives, move the victim from the heat and into a cool place First Aid Heat Stroke Call 000
You must use extreme caution when soaking clothing or applying water to a victim. Shock may occur if done to quickly or with water too cool. Soak his or her clothes with water and use a fan or ice packs. Douse the body continuously with a cool liquid and summon medical aid immediately. First Aid Heat Stroke
Bites & Stings Pressure Immobilisation Snakes (Land & Sea). Box Jelly Fish – Also requires Vinegar application Cone Shell Funnel Web Spider Blue Ringed Octopus All Bites that cause an allergic reaction.
Pressure Bandage D.R.S.A.B.C.D. Rest and reassure person Apply pressure bandage From bite to toes or fingers Then up to groin or armpit. Remember Do not wash the bitten area Do not remove the bandage Do not elevate the limb Do not walk, run to get help Do not remove the bandage once applied
Cold Pack (No Pressure Bandage) Use Ice Packs or Cold Water for 20 to 30 Minutes Pain Relief
These require Pressure Immobilisation Bandages
These Require HOT water treatment REMEMBER Casualty should test the temperature before application
Treatment for ticks Remove a tick by twisting with tweezers. If the person is allergic, Apply pressure immobilisation bandage Seek medical care without delay
Poisons Poisons Enter the Body ViaThe Mouth The Lungs Injection Absorption
Poisons Ingested Poisons If it Burns Going Down It will Burn Coming Up.
Poisons Corrosive & Petroleum Based DO NOT induce vomiting Do Not induce vomiting as corrosive substances could burn the oesophagus, throat and mouth. Instead give small amounts of Milk Seek Medical Aid