We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byAubrey Hendricks
Modified about 1 year ago
Chapter 18 Double V for Victory From Slavery to Freedom 9 th ed.
Reframing the Arsenal of Democracy Blacks in the Armed Forces September 1940 black leaders submitted seven point program outlining minimum essentials for treatment of blacks in the military All available black reserves be used to train recruits Black recruits receive same training as white recruits Acceptance based on ability not race Specialized personnel be integrated Blacks appointed to draft boards Discrimination abolished in Navy and Army Air Corps African American appointments to serve as assistants to secretaries of war and navy © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2
Reframing the Arsenal of Democracy War Department issued statement that African Americans would be received in army proportionally to its population in the country Did not call for integrated troops Under pressure, Roosevelt appointed promoted Colonel Benjamin O. Davis to brigadier general Appointed other blacks to significant positions Blacks did not benefit from America’s industrial mobilization Prejudice rampant © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 3
Reframing the Arsenal of Democracy The March on Washington in 1941 A. Philip Randolph planned all-black march on Washington; emphasized new style of activism Large scale direct action demanding defense jobs and an integrated military Government officials alarmed at the march’s growing momentum attempted to discourage it Randolph called off the march only after Roosevelt issued Executive Order 8802 prohibiting discrimination in employment in the defense industry and the government © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 4
5 A. Philip Randolph rallies black Americans throughout the nation to march on Washington in 1941
Reframing the Arsenal of Democracy Executive Order 8802 Clause prohibiting discrimination required in all defense contracts Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC) established to receive and investigate complaints No power to impose punishment White employers opposed order Did not overturn Jim Crow in the South © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 6
Reframing the Arsenal of Democracy Hastie and Discrimination in the Armed Forces William Hastie authored report revealing ways blacks were underutilized and discriminated against in the armed forces Found they were overwhelmingly assigned unskilled and menial duties War Department believed integrating troops was neither practical nor desirable © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 7
In Military Service After 1940 passage of Selective Service Act, more than 3 million blacks registered for potential service Served in a variety of ways despite discrimination Participation in administration of Selective Service Act reduced discrimination © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 8
In Military Service Black Women in the Military More than 4,000 enlisted in Women’s Army Corps Protracted effort of black nurses to gain respect Passage of Draft Nurse Bill ended army’s discriminatory policy © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 9
10 Lt. Harriet Pickens and Ens. Frances Wills
In Military Service Tuskegee: Black Airmen In late 1940, government announced plan to train African American pilots in Tuskegee, Alabama Some objected to segregation; others saw it as progress Nearly 2,000 black men completed pilot or support skills training The Navy, the Marines, and Officer Training Not until 1942 did the Navy and Marines begin to loosen exclusionary policies African Americans agitated for opportunity to become commissioned officers © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 11
In Military Service Overseas Service—Europe Half a million African Americans saw overseas service during World War II Twenty-two black combat units participated in European ground operations January 1945 troops integrated into unit to fight on German soil Troops remained segregated in Mediterranean Theater © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 12
© 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 13 Cpl. Carlton Chapman, tank machine gunner
In Military Service Service in the Pacific African Americans active in the war in the Pacific and East Asia Service in the Navy In July 1943, thousands of blacks trained to perform numerous technical tasks and given appropriate ratings Service in the Merchant Marine Far less segregated and discriminatory Four black captains with integrated crews © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 14
In Military Service Racism at Home Black soldiers targets of racist acts at home Lynching; terrorizing; segregation Felix Hall Racism on military bases – USO, PXs, theaters Black press covered treatment of black soldiers and helped to mobilize agitation on home front War Department issued order of July 8, 1944, forbidding segregation in recreational and transportation facilities © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 15
In Military Service Racial Clashes Riots and clashes took places both on and off military posts as African Americans attempted to resist segregation and discrimination © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 16
In Military Service Recognition for Service African Americans received significant recognition for their military service during the war Dorie Miller; Private George Watson Executive Order 9981 signed by Harry S. Truman in July 1948 ended racial segregation in the armed forces © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 17
© 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 18 Dorie Miller
Keeping the Home Fires Burning Blacks prepared for employment by federal training programs but plagued by discriminatory hiring practices The Work of the FEPC The FEPC began to slowly turn tide for black workers Demonstrated instrumental role of government in changing employment practices Black leaders began to push to make the FEPC permanent © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 19
© 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 20 African Americans in wartime industry: Women at welding plant in New Britain, Connecticut
© 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 21 African Americans in wartime industry: Men at shipyard in Baltimore, Maryland
Keeping the Home Fires Burning Support for the War Effort African Americans gave generously to war effort at home Purchased bonds Active in Office of Civilian Defense Initiatives Black-White Conflict at Home Black migration to North and West grew at fever pitch in 1940s Detroit race riot finally put to rest after Roosevelt issued state of emergency and sent soldiers © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 22
© 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 23 Crystal Bird Fauset, special assistant, Office of Civilian Defense
Keeping the Home Fires Burning The Problem of Low Morale Low morale a worry to black leaders Launched media campaign to build black morale and inform whites about role of blacks in the war effort Radio was extremely effective medium War Department used black artists, photographers, and film writers to tell stories of black bravery and patriotism © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 24
Keeping the Home Fires Burning The Problem of Low Morale Publicity did not assuage black resentment toward military segregation William Hastie resigned over issue in 1943 Black journalists covering the war from abroad wrote about black heroism in the war and white racism in the armed forces © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 25
Unit 6: The Great Depression and World War II (1929 – 1949) African-Americans continue to develop their culture and establish their place in American society.
Social Impact of WWII: The African American Experience IB History of the Americas.
American Home Front in WWII The U.S. Government. The U.S. Government ■To win wars in Asia & Europe & meet civilian demands, the U.S. gov’t grew to its.
Global Struggles Unit America and World War II Mobilizing for War Chapter 21 Section 1.
Impact of WWII on African Americans By Renee Cadiz, Devrina Chidambaram, Joelle Telloian, Valeriya Stiblina “Why die for democracy for some foreign country.
The American Homefront During WWII. World War II had a huge impact on the United States Examine how World War II impacted Americans at home by analyzing.
■Essential Question: –How did World War II transform the American home front? ■Warm-Up Question: –In your document packet, examine Document F & answer.
WWII Impact on African Americans Matt S. Grace M. Nathan P. Grant L. Mike S. Jack M.
WWII: Effects on American Life. Scope of Mobilization # of people who registered for the draft = 31 million # of people who served in the armed forces.
The Impact of World War 2 on African American Employment Presented By: Annie, Crystal, Gina, Sammie, & Sheriden.
On the Home Front 18.1 and Mobilization... Preparation for War Both Civilian and Military Arsenal for Democracy Speech Four Freedoms Speech
Mobilizing for War Lesson 23-4 The Main Idea The outbreak of World War II spurred the mobilization of American military and industrial might. Reading Focus.
WWII Propaganda. Propaganda Debrief In general, what are the arguments of these posters? How do the posters fit with what you read about in Ch. 35?
Unit 2: The Second World War and the Americas (1933–1945) Bullet 3 - Social impact of the Second World War; impact on women and minorities; conscription.
The American Home Front USII.7c American involvement in World War II helped the U.S. economy and changed the lives of many Americans as businesses,
USHC 7.2 Evaluate the impact of war mobilization on the home front, including consumer sacrifices, the role of women and minorities in the workforce, and.
Civil Rights and WWII Lesson starter: Write down five facts about World War Two.
AMERICANS DURING WARTIME. MOBILIZING THE HOME FRONT 15 million Americans served in the military, millions more at home Home Front – America at home, during.
Chapter 27, Section 3: Americans in Wartime (The Home Front) Main Idea: Despite economic sacrifices, as well as discrimination faced by certain groups,
Quick Write 1 Write down two economic changes a country might experience if they are at war.
American Homefront WWII ■ FRIDAY 10/19/1210/19/12.
Chapter 35 p Wartime Migrations The war also forced many people to move to new places, and many young folks went to and saw new cities far from.
Mobilizing for War. The US was unwilling and unprepared for war. The people quickly banded together America would become the most productive and.
The Home Front Chapter 16, Section 2. Wartime Agencies War Industries Board: Coordinate production of war materials Told manufacturers what they could.
Going to War Young Americans were eager to go to war 5 million volunteers not enough; Selective Service provided another 10 million soldiers Women’s.
Chapter 14 In Pursuit of Democracy From Slavery to Freedom 9 th ed.
Mobilizing for War The Main Idea The outbreak of World War II spurred the mobilization of American military and industrial might. Reading Focus How did.
Jerry Hunter, Cornerstone Captain America punching Hitler.
Chapter 17: The U.S. in WWII Section 1: Mobilization on the Home Front.
War Production Board A group created by FDR to increase military production They directed the conversion of existing factories to wartime production.
Feature film produced by George Lucas The Tuskegee Airmen, who flew combat missions in World War II, were known by the nickname “Red Tails” for the.
American History Chapter 14 Section 1 Mobilizing the War.
World War II Life on the Home Front. Notes for Test! Rise of Totalitarian Regimes Outbreak of War American Isolationism to Intervention Major.
Pre-War Report Imagine it is late December 1941 and the U.S. is gearing up for World War II. President Roosevelt has asked you to outline the strengths.
African Americans and WWII African Americans on the Home Front.
Essential Questions Activity Focus: How did Americans on the home front support or oppose WWI? Unit Focus: When should the United States go to War? Unit.
WWII on the Homefront. Determining War Strategy Many Americans only goal was to get revenge on Japan Despite this, in the ABC-1 Agreement, US agreed to.
President Truman Integrates the Armed Forces By Mr. Lane.
The United States in WW2: Mobilizing for Defense Chapter 17, Section 1 Notes.
Home Front in World War II. A. Philip Randolph − African American labor leader Executive Order 8802 − World War II measure that assured fair hiring practices.
Critical Thinking What was the Selective Service System and how did it help the US meet manpower needs? 1.Set up to expand the draft and brought.
Chapter 17, Section 2: Things to Know How did wartime pressures create a break from the past? Who campaigned against discriminatory practices in the US.
Government expansion, and civil liberties. US government organizes agencies to mobilize economic and military resources War Productions Board.
Baltimore Polytechnic Institute March 5, 2012 U.S. History Mr. Green.
THE AMERICAN STORY: WORLD WAR II Mr. Marinello * US History.
Home Front. Services Selective Service Act aka Burke-Wadsworth Act, enacted September 16, 1940, was the first peacetime draft in US history. This Selective.
Opener in your notebookOpener in your notebook: → Do you believe it’s the duty of all able- bodied individuals to serve in the military or should they.
Americans in Wartime Section 3. Mobilizing the Home Front Combat Training Combat Training New bases opened across U.S. New bases opened across U.S. Men.
Life on the Home Front CHAPTER 20, SECTION 3. Women and Minorities Gain Ground The war put an end to the Great Depression 19 million new jobs were created.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.