2 1. Choose the answer that provides the best definition of a Mineral. A. Man made, organic, with a physical composition, and crystals insideB. Naturally occurring, inorganic solid, with a crystal structure, and a definite chemical compositionNaturally occurring, organic solid, with a variable composition, and a crystalline structure1. Choose the answer that provides the best definition of a Mineral.
3 2. Which of the is considered the “building blocks” of rock? A. FossilsB. SandC. MineralsD. Water2. Which of the is considered the “building blocks” of rock?
4 A. OrganicB. InorganicC. ClasticChemical3. Plants, animals, and people are living things. What is a synonym for materials that were once part of one of these living things?
5 A. Density & Luster B. Hardness & Streak C. Inorganic & Organic D. Cleavage & Fracture4. Quartz & Mica are minerals that break differently. Quartz breaks unevenly & with jagged pieces, while Mica breaks in flat sheet. These demonstrate the physical properties of __ & __.
6 5. The way light reflects off the surface of a Mineral is known as __. A. HardnessB. MagnetismC. LusterD. Color5. The way light reflects off the surface of a Mineral is known as __.
7 6. Rocks are generally classified according to ___. A. Their mineral contentB. Their colorC. How they formD. Where they are found6. Rocks are generally classified according to ___.
8 7. ___ rocks form when lava or magma cools, hardens, and crystallizes. A. MetamorphicB. IgneousC. Sedimentary7. ___ rocks form when lava or magma cools, hardens, and crystallizes.
9 A. TrueB. False8. True or False? Rocks that are harder likely have softer minerals that make up the rock.
10 A. TrueB. False9. True or False? Metamorphic rock forms when heat & pressure deep underground change an existing rock into a new rock.
11 10. Which process would create sediments from a rock formation? A. Heat & PressureB. Weathering & ErosionC. Deposition, Compaction & CementationD. Melting10. Which process would create sediments from a rock formation?
12 A. Metamorphic RockB. Igneous RockC. Sedimentary Rock11. If your family visits the Grand Canyon and observes layers of many different colors & types of sediment, which type of rock are you observing?
13 C. Foliated Metamorphic D. Clastic Sedimentary A. Intrusive IgneousB. Extrusive IgneousC. Foliated MetamorphicD. Clastic Sedimentary12. A volcanologist is working at a new volcanic site. She observes the rock and notices a fine-grained texture and a dark color. The type of rock based on this evidence would mostly likely be ___.
14 A. Organic SedimentaryB. Foliated MetamorphicC. Extrusive IgneousD. Nonfoliated Metamorphic13. Gneiss is a type of rock with crystals that are flattened to form parallel lines. Based on this information, this rock would most likely be ___.
15 A. Metamorphic B. Igneous C. Sedimentary D. There is no way to tell 14. If a sedimentary rock is put under extreme heat & pressure to the point that it melted back into magma, based on the rock cycle, what classification of rock would it become next?
16 A. MetamorphicB. IgneousC. SedimentaryD. It is impossible to tell15. The processes shown in the picture would produce which classification of rock?
17 A. ErosionB. DepositionC. CompactionD. Cementation16. What is the process in which dissolved minerals crystallize & glue sediment together?
18 A. ErosionB. DepositionC. CompactionD. Cementation17. Running water, ice, and wind loosen & carry away rock fragments. What is this process called?
19 A. ErosionB. DepositionC. CompactionD. Cementation18. What is the process by which sediment settles out of the wind, water, or ice carrying it?
20 19. What process presses sediment together? A. ErosionB. DepositionC. CompactionD. Cementation19. What process presses sediment together?
21 20. Small solid pieces of rock or living things are __. A. Chemical RocksB. SedimentC. Foliated Metamorphic RocksD. Clastic Rocks20. Small solid pieces of rock or living things are __.
22 21. Sedimentary rock where rock fragments are cemented together is __. A. ClasticB. OrganicC. Chemical21. Sedimentary rock where rock fragments are cemented together is __.
23 A. ClasticB. OrganicC. Chemical22. Sedimentary rock that forms where the remains of plants or animals are deposited in thick layers is __.
24 A. ClasticB. OrganicC. Chemical23. Sedimentary rock that is formed when dissolved minerals crystallize is ___.
25 24. Which of the following statements are true? A. As you go deeper into the Earth, pressure increasesB. As you go deeper into the Earth, temperature increasesC. As you go deeper into the Earth, density increasesD. All of the above are true24. Which of the following statements are true?
26 A. Crust B. Mantle C. Outer Core D. Inner Core 17. Sarah is explaining the thickness of the layers of Earth of Max. She is using the example, “It’s like the eggshell of a boiled egg, compared to the rest of the egg.” Which layer is she explaining?
27 1. Thickest:2. Densest:3. Thinnest:4. Hottest:5. Solid Metal Ball:6. Liquid Metal:7. Melted Rock:25. Use the diagram to help answer the questions about the layers of Earth
28 1. Thickest: Mantle2. Densest: Inner core3. Thinnest: Crust4. Hottest: Inner Core5. Solid Metal Ball: Inner Core6. Liquid Metal: Outer Core7. Melted Rock: Mantle25. Use the diagram to help answer the questions about the layers of Earth
29 26. An animal dies, is buried quickly, and millions of years pass 26. An animal dies, is buried quickly, and millions of years pass. Explain which type of rock you can find the fossil of the animal & why. Be sure to explain why it can’t be found in the other 2 types of rock.
30 Fossils are found in Sedimentary rock only because as the plant or animal dies layers of sediment cover and protect it from scavengers. Fossils are not found in Igneous rock because the heat of the lava and/or magma would burn and destroy the plant or animal. Fossils are not found in Metamorphic rock because these rocks are formed deep beneath the Earth’s surface from the processes of extreme heat and pressureRemember: 1. Explain which type of rock you can find the fossil of the animal & why Explain why it can’t be found in the other 2 types of rock.
31 RocksMinerals27. Use a Venn Diagram to show & explain the relationship between rocks & minerals